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Disease Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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301–340 of 340 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
301. Lind PM, et al. (2012). Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) The present evaluation shows that especially the phthalate metabolite mono-isobutyl phthalate was related to increased fat amount in the subcutaneous abdominal region in women measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging two years later. sex Phthalic Acids Study subjects Sweden diethyl phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate Details Obesity | lipid biosynthetic process
302. Jedrychowski WA, et al. (2015). To our knowledge, this is the first epidemiologic study showing that prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure measured by cord blood PAH-DNA adducts is associated with cognitive dysfunction (depressed verbal IQ index) assessed by the WISC-R test, which is the commonly used instrument for measuring intelligence of children. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children Poland blood, cord polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-DNA adduct Details Cognition Disorders | Learning Disorders | cognition
303. Ramesh A, et al. (2015). We report concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in human blood obtained at autopsy from individuals who died of drug abuse, alcohol toxicity, homicide, suicide and other unknown causes; the mean concentrations were greater in the 20-50 year age groups and higher levels were detected in African Americans (compared to Caucasians, Asians, and Hispanics). age | race Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children | Subjects with disease:Death United States serum Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
304. Goto H, et al. (2012). Life Span Study We calculated the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for the atomic bomb survivors versus the entire population of Japan in childhood and compared them with a true non-exposed group. A notable result was that SMRs in boys exposed to low doses were significantly higher for solid cancer. sex Radioactive Fallout Children Japan Radioactive Fallout Details Breast Neoplasms | Death | Leukemia | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms | Uterine Neoplasms
305. Colvin L, et al. (2012). Children born to mothers using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor were more likely to be admitted to a hospital in the first years of life, and although the numbers of deaths in the first year of life were small, the increased risk is a new finding and should be investigated further. Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors Pregnant females Australia Details Death | Fetal Diseases
306. Hoppin JA, et al. (2004). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using the Agricultural Health Study, a cohort of pesticide applicators in Iowa and North Carolina, we evaluated the odds of wheeze associated with nonpesticide occupational exposures. Solvents | Vehicle Emissions Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds
307. Fang SC, et al. (2012). Normative Aging Study (NAS) In an elderly male population, estimated black carbon exposures were positively associated with markers of systemic inflammation but only in men with coronary heart disease or diabetes. disease Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects United States serum CXCL8 | IL1B | IL6 | Soot | TNF | VEGFA Details Inflammation | cytokine production involved in inflammatory response | interleukin-1 beta production | interleukin-6 production | interleukin-8 production | regulation of gene expression | tumor necrosis factor production | vascular endothelial growth factor production
308. Li Y, et al. (2016). We estimated approximately 14,000 deaths to result from the 2010 black carbon (soot) levels, and hundreds of thousands of illness cases, ranging from hospitalizations and emergency department visits to minor respiratory symptoms. Soot Study subjects United States air, ambient Soot Details Death
309. Arnedo-Pena A, et al. (2003). This accidental contamination led to very high styrene concentrations in water and was related to a high prevalence of subjective symptoms of the eyes, respiratory tract and skin. Styrene Study subjects Spain water, drinking Styrene | Toluene Details Acute Disease | Eye Diseases | Gastrointestinal Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Skin Diseases
310. Collins JJ, et al. (2009). With the exception of soft tissue sarcoma, the authors found little evidence of increased disease risk from exposure to tetrachlorodibenzodioxin. Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Workers United States Details Death | Sarcoma
311. Warner M, et al. (2013). Seveso Women's Health Study (SWHS) We found an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome associated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, but only among women who were the youngest at the time of the explosion. age Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Study subjects Italy Details Diabetes Mellitus | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity
312. Carwile JL, et al. (2014). Prenatal tetrachloroethylene exposure was not associated with overall ischemic placental disease, but may increase risk of stillbirth. Tetrachloroethylene Pregnant females United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Placenta Diseases | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Stillbirth
313. Winnik L, et al. (2004). The aim of this study was the presentation of the chronic tetraethyl lead poisoning of a four-person family. Tetraethyl Lead Children | Subjects with disease:Hallucinations | Study subjects Poland serum Lead Details Lead Poisoning, Nervous System, Adult
314. Xia W, et al. (2016). The results of the present study suggest that prenatal exposure to the current levels of thallium encountered today in China may potentially increase the risk of delivering low birth weight infants. Thallium Study subjects China urine Thallium Details Fetal Growth Retardation
315. Cossellu G, et al. (2016). Susceptibility to Particle Health Effects, miRNAs and Exosomes (SPHERE) Our data suggest that zirconium is more bioactive than titanium and show that miRNAs are relevant molecular mechanisms sensitive to zirconium exposure. Titanium | Zirconium Subjects with disease:Obesity Italy blood | hair MIR142 | MIR152 | MIR193A | MIR323A | MIR335 | MIR494 | MIR99B | Titanium | Zirconium Details
316. Tran TT, et al. (2015). Thai Cohort Study (TCS) A high proportion of cohort members, especially females, were passive smokers at home and at public transport stations; males were more exposed at workplace and recreational places; we observed a social gradient with more passive smoking in poorer people; we also observed a dose response relationship linking graded smoke exposures to chronic conditions, such as less well-being and more psychological distress. sex | socioeconomic status | tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Thailand Details Chronic Disease
317. Reese SE, et al. (2017). Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) We have developed a novel biomarker in the newborn of exposure to sustained maternal smoking during pregnancy using Illumina450K DNA methylation data. Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Norway blood, cord | plasma Cotinine Details Birth Weight
318. Hermann C, et al. (2005). We found that wheeze and recurrent cough in preschool children differ regarding risk factor profile and thus do not appear to have a similar etiology. Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children Denmark Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds
319. Moore BF, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Interaction results suggest that the prevalence of obesity among children with both high exposure to secondhand smoke and low levels of certain nutrients (dietary fiber, eicosapentaenoic acid, or docosahexaenoic acid) is greater than would be expected due to the effects of the individual exposures alone. age | diet | tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States serum | urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Cotinine Details Pediatric Obesity
320. Lee KW, et al. (2015). Saguenay Youth Study (SYS) The results of the present study suggest that prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking may interact with OPRM1 to enhance dietary intake of fat, and that the mechanisms of this gene-environment interaction might involve exposure-associated decreases of gene-body DNA methylation in OPRM1. Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children | Subjects with gene influence:OPRM1 Canada Details Obesity | DNA methylation | feeding behavior
321. Comhair SA, et al. (2011). Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP) Environmental tobacco smoke-exposure of asthmatic individuals is associated with worse lung function, higher acuity of exacerbations, more health care utilization, and greater bronchial hyperreactivity. Environmental tobacco smoke-exposure was associated with lower levels of serum SOD activity, particularly in asthmatic women of African heritage. disease | race | sex | tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Subjects with disease:Asthma United States Details Asthma | Disease Progression | superoxide dismutase activity
322. Zhang Y, et al. (2016). ESTHER Study Our study strongly supports the potential utility of DNA methylation markers as indicators for both current and lifetime smoking exposure and for predicting mortality outcomes, in particular for cardiovascular mortality. Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Germany Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Neoplasms | DNA methylation
323. Abu-Baker NN, et al. (2010). Women who reported a higher average number of secondhand smoke exposure hours per week from work in the second trimester, home in the third trimester, and outside in the third trimester were at greater risk for having a low birth weight neonate than women who reported a lower average number of secondhand smoke exposure hours. tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Jordan Details Birth Weight | Pregnancy Complications
324. Lankester J, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Triclosan exposure is associated with increased body mass index; however, stronger effect at moderate than high urinary levels suggests a complex mechanism of action. body mass index Triclosan Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | Triclosan Details Body Weight
325. Hwang BF, et al. (2012). The present study is consistent with the hypothesis that the risk of stillbirth is related to prenatal exposure to disinfection by-products. Trihalomethanes Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China water Trihalomethanes Details Fetal Death
326. Villanueva CM, et al. (2011). Despite the high trihalomethanes levels in some areas and the extensive exposure assessment, results suggest that residential trihalomethanes exposure during pregnancy driven by inhalation and dermal contact routes is not associated with birth weight, small for gestational age, low birth weight, or preterm delivery in Spain. Trihalomethanes Fetuses | Pregnant females Spain water Trihalomethanes Details Birth Weight | Pregnancy Complications | Premature Birth
327. Madison RE, et al. (1991). We measured immunologic biomarkers associated with an acute exposure to exothermic byproducts of a ureaformaldehyde spill and found a statistically significant difference for percent and absolute numbers of CD26 T-cells and autoantibodies to formaldehyde-human serum albumin conjugate. urea formaldehyde foam Study subjects United States air, ambient | snow Formaldehyde Details Conjunctivitis | Cough | Diarrhea | Dizziness | Dyspnea | Epistaxis | Exanthema | Fatigue | Headache | Nausea | Pharyngitis | immunoglobulin production involved in immunoglobulin mediated immune response | T cell differentiation
328. Thun MJ, et al. (1982). Families exposed to urea-formaldehyde foam insulation reported no increase in the overall incidence of symptoms, but did report a significant excess of two specific symptoms, 'burning skin' and 'wheezing or difficulty breathing'. urea formaldehyde foam Study subjects United States Details Pain | Respiratory Sounds | Skin Abnormalities
329. Hazenkamp-von Arx ME, et al. (2011). Highway traffic exhaust in Swiss alpine highway corridors ( in the absence of other industrial sources) showed negative associations with the respiratory health of adults, higher than those previously found in urban areas. Positive associations were found between living close to a highway and wheezing without cold and chronic cough. The association with chronic cough was driven by a subgroup reporting hay fever or allergic rhinitis. disease Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal | Study subjects Switzerland air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds
330. Evans KA, et al. (2014). These findings suggest a response to markers of traffic pollution among urban asthmatic children, and effects were strongest among children receiving preventive medications through school, suggesting that this group of children was particularly sensitive to environmental triggers. disease Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Disease Progression
331. Zhang X, et al. (2015). Our results show that occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust can induce increases in micronucleus, nucleoplasmic bridge, and nuclear bud frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Vehicle Emissions Workers China air, indoor | urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 9-phenanthrol | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Carbon | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Chromosome Aberrations | Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective | micronucleus organization
332. Venn A, et al. (2005). These findings indicate that living in close proximity to road vehicle traffic is associated with an increased risk of wheeze, but that other environmental factors are also likely to be important. Vehicle Emissions Study subjects Ethiopia Details Respiratory Sounds
333. Garshick E, et al. (2003). The results of this study suggest that adults are at risk for persistent wheeze and possibly chronic phlegm if they live near a major roadway. Vehicle Emissions Veterans United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Respiratory Tract Diseases
334. Brinker K, et al. (2015). This report describes the results of the investigation of emergency personnel responding to a vinyl chloride release from a train derailment, resulting in headache and upper respiratory symptoms during the response. Vinyl Chloride Workers United States Details Cough | Headache | Nausea | Neurologic Manifestations | Respiration Disorders
335. Lee DM, et al. (2014). European Male Ageing Study (EMAS) We report that lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels independently predicted all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older European men, while associations with cancer mortality were only observed among men with very low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Vitamin D Controls for disease:Death | Subjects with disease:Death | Subjects with disease:Neoplasms Belgium|Estonia|
Hungary|Italy|
Poland|Spain|
Sweden|United Kingdom
serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D | 25-hydroxyvitamin D Details Death
336. Mao X, et al. (2014). We describe associations among basic characteristics, seasons, and diseases with serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in patients and note that 25(OH)D3 levels are low while 25(OH)D2 levels are high among patients with lung diseases, dyskinesias, and coronary heart disease, and participants with diabetes and cerebral infarction have higher 25(OH)D3 serum concentrations compared with lung disease patients. age | disease Vitamin D Subjects with disease:Cerebral Infarction | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Dyskinesias | Subjects with disease:Hypertension | Subjects with disease:Lung Diseases | Study subjects China serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2 | 25-hydroxyvitamin D | Calcifediol Details
337. Ganji V, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this large population based study, likelihood of having depression in persons with vitamin D deficiency is significantly higher compared to those with vitamin D sufficiency. body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status Vitamin D Controls for disease:Depressive Disorder | Subjects with disease:Depressive Disorder | Controls for disease:Depressive Disorder, Major | Subjects with disease:Depressive Disorder, Major | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects United States serum Vitamin D Details
338. Cieslak K, et al. (2014). This study demonstrates a relationship of low vitamin D levels with increased cellular aging in females, and also demonstrates potential sex-specific profiles among schizophrenia cases with hypovitaminosis. sex Vitamin D Subjects with disease:Schizophrenia | Subjects with disease:Vitamin D Deficiency United States serum Vitamin D Details Anhedonia | Developmental Disabilities | Psychotic Disorders | Schizophrenia | Social Communication Disorder | aggressive behavior | cell aging | regulation of telomere maintenance via telomere lengthening | social behavior
339. Shendre A, et al. (2016). Warfarin Pharmacogenetics Cohort (WPC) Possession of CYP4F2 gene variants influences warfarin dose among European Americans but not African Americans, and the CYP4F2-dose, CYP4F2-overanticoagulation, and CYP4F2-hemorrhage association follows a recessive pattern with possession of the *3/*3 genotype likely demonstrating a protective effect. genetics | race Warfarin Subjects with gene influence:CYP4F2 United States Details Hemorrhage | regulation of blood coagulation
340. Hendryx M, et al. (2012). The results of the non-spatial analyses suggest that permitted discharges of chemical pollutants into surface waters are related to higher adjusted population mortality rates. More specifically, total non-cancer mortality is related to greater discharge quantities of chemicals classified as non-carcinogenic without need for toxicity weights or upstream discharges. Water Pollutants, Chemical Study subjects United States Details Death | Kidney Diseases | Neoplasms
301–340 of 340 results.