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Chemical Amino Acids, Sulfur

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–13 of 13 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2018). Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study These findings provide evidence that using combusted tobacco cigarettes alone or in combination with e-cigarettes is associated with higher concentrations of potentially harmful tobacco constituents in comparison with using e-cigarettes alone. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorenes | hydroxycotinine | Isocyanates | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | propylene oxide | Strontium | Styrene | Thallium | Toluene | Uranium | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United States urine 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-methylhippuric acid | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Fluorenes | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-benzyl-N-acetyl-L-cysteine | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium Details
2. Shahab L, et al. (2017). This study assessed whether long-term e-cigarette (EC)-only, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-only, dual cigarette-EC or dual cigarette-NRT use is associated with differences in metabolites of a) nicotine; b) tobacco-specific nitrosaminess and c) volatile organic compounds (VOC) compared with cigarette-only smokers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Carbon Disulfide | Cyanides | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | propylene oxide | Styrene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United Kingdom saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 2-amino-delta(2)-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid | 2-butenal | 2-methylhippuric acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | mandelic acid | muconic acid | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | raphanusamic acid | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | Styrene Details
3. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2017). This study showed for the first time that after switching from tobacco to e-cigarettes, nicotine exposure remains unchanged, while exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants is substantially reduced. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Carbon Monoxide | Ethylene Oxide | fluorene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | propylene oxide | pyrene Study subjects Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acetylcysteine | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenanthrene | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
4. Rubinstein ML, et al. (2018). Overall results reveal significantly greater toxicant exposure in adolescent e-cigarette users compared with their nonusing peers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | propylene oxide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrylamide | Cotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
5. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
6. DeJarnett N, et al. (2014). Louisville Healthy Heart Study Regardless of its source, acrolein exposure is associated with platelet activation and suppression of circulating angiogenic cell levels, as well as increased cardiovascular disease risk. Acrolein Study subjects United States urine S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate Details Cardiovascular Diseases | blood vessel endothelial cell migration | platelet activation
7. Baccarelli A, et al. (2007). Air particles may interact with cigarette smoking and increase plasma homocysteine in healthy subjects. tobacco Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy air, ambient | plasma Carbon Monoxide | Homocysteine | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details
8. Hall MN, et al. (2009). In summary, among this group of Bangladeshi adults with a high prevalence of cobalamin deficiency, cobalamin appeared to facilitate the methylation of inorganic arsenic to monomethylarsonic acid, particularly among women and among folate sufficient individuals. Arsenic | Creatinine | Folic Acid | Homocysteine | Vitamin B 12 Study subjects Bangladesh plasma | urine | water Arsenic | Creatinine | Folic Acid | Homocysteine | Vitamin B 12 Details
9. Hall MN, et al. (2009). Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) These findings suggest that, similar to adults, folate and cysteine facilitate arsenic methylation in children. However, the inverse correlation between total homocysteine and %monomethylarsonic, and positive correlation with %dimethylarsinic acids, are both opposite to our previous findings in adults. age Arsenic | Cysteine | Folic Acid Children Bangladesh plasma | urine | water Arsenic | Creatinine | Cysteine | Folic Acid | Homocysteine | Vitamin B 12 Details cellular response to chemical stimulus
10. McNally K, et al. (2017). In summary, our work suggests that the relationship between benzene in air and background-corrected metabolites measured in post-shift urine samples was non-linear for this population of 213 occupationally exposed workers from a shoe factory in the Tianjin region of China. Benzene | Toluene Workers China air | urine Benzene | catechol | hydroquinone | muconic acid | Phenol | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine | Toluene Details
11. Wu Z, et al. (2017). We report urinary biomarkers for occupational exposure to N,N-dimethylformamide and reveal dose-response relationships between their levels and liver injury, with males having a greater risk of injury. sex Dimethylformamide Workers China urine methylformamide | N-acetyl-S-(N-methylcarbamoyl)cysteine Details Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury
12. Chevrier C, et al. (2011). PELAGIE This study is the first to assess associations of birth outcomes with multiple urinary biomarkers of exposure to triazine and chloroacetanilide herbicides. Evidence of associations with adverse birth outcomes raises particular concerns for countries where atrazine is still in use. Herbicides Fetuses | Pregnant females France urine 2,6-diethylaniline | acetochlor | alachlor | ammeline | Atrazine | atrazine mercapturate | Creatinine | desethylatrazine | metolachlor | Simazine Details Congenital Abnormalities | Fetal Growth Retardation | Pregnancy Complications | head development
13. Vinceti M, et al. (2013). These results suggest that excess selenite and human serum albumin bound-selenium and low levels of selenoprotein P-bound selenium in the central nervous system, which may be related, may play a role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis etiology. Selenic Acid | Selenious Acid | Selenium | Selenomethionine Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Study subjects Italy cerebrospinal fluid Selenic Acid | Selenious Acid | Selenium | Selenomethionine Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
1–13 of 13 results.