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Chemical Benzylidene Compounds

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–16 of 16 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Malek AM, et al. (2015). A potential association was found for exposure to ambient air concentrations of suspected neurotoxicant hazardous air pollutants, specifically aromatic solvents, among place of residence in 2002 and 1999 and risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis United States 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. Sexton K, et al. (2005). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | The School Health Initiative: Environment, Learning, Disease (SHIELD) Results indicate that childhood exposures to some compounds equaled or exceeded volatile organic compound (VOC) exposures of adults, including smokers, in an earlier national survey, and that within-child variability was greater than between-child variability for 7 of 11 individual VOCs. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Children | Study subjects United States blood 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details
3. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Controls for disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive | Subjects with disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
4. Wang BL, et al. (2007). We concluded that unmetabolized volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the urine can provide a reliable biological indicator for air VOC exposures in non-occupational environments. 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects Japan air | urine 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Details
5. Elliott L, et al. (2006). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Exposure to 1,4-dichlorobenzene (a volatile organic compound related to the use of air fresheners, toilet bowl deodorants, and mothballs) at levels found in the US general population, may result in reduced pulmonary function. 4-dichlorobenzene | Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Acetone | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methylethyl ketone | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details PULMONARY FUNCTION
6. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
7. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
8. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
9. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
10. Cakmak S, et al. (2014). Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) To investigate the association between volatile organic compounds measured in residential indoor air and lung function in the Canadian population Cycle 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey - a population based cross-sectional survey designed to be representative of the Canadian population - was carried out between 2009 and 2011. alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Children | Study subjects Canada air alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Details regulation of respiratory gaseous exchange
11. Payne-Sturges DC, et al. (2004). The present study provides an evaluation of Assessment System for Population Exposure Nationwide (ASPEN) based on measurements of air toxic levels indoors, outdoors, and on individuals. Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
12. Go YM, et al. (2015). We examined quantification strategies to enhance the usefulness of high-resolution metabolomics data for cumulative exposome research; the results provide a simple reference standardization protocol in which individual chemical concentrations are estimated by comparison to a concurrently analyzed, pooled reference sample with known chemical concentrations. Caffeine | Chlorobenzoates | chlorsulfuron | Cotinine | Fyrol PCF | hippuric acid | meobal | octylphenol | pirimicarb | Styrene Study subjects United States plasma Caffeine | Chlorobenzoates | chlorsulfuron | Cotinine | Fyrol PCF | hippuric acid | meobal | octylphenol | pirimicarb | Styrene Details
13. Liljelind I, et al. (2003). Personal air samplers provide data with similar or superior quality to urinary metabolites as measures of exposure to these monoterpenes in sawmills and styrene in reinforced plastics factories. Monoterpenes | Styrene Workers Sweden air | urine mandelic acid | Monoterpenes | Styrene | verbenol Details
14. Yorifuji T, et al. (2012). In the present study, it was demonstrated that volatile organic compounds were higher in the vicinity of the factory, and even the concentration of total volatile organic compounds in the residential area exceeded 200 micrograms per cubic meter. Furthermore, the prevalence of mucocutaneous and respiratory symptoms was highest among the residents in the closest area to the factory. Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects Japan air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-ethyltoluene | Benzene | decane | ethyl acetate | ethylbenzene | Heptanes | methyl isobutyl ketone | n-dodecane | nonane | octane | pseudocumene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | tridecane | undecane | Volatile Organic Compounds | Xylenes Details Lung Diseases
15. Adgate JL, et al. (2004). School Health Initiative Environment, Learning, and Disease (SHIELD) Biomarkers confirm that children from ethnically diverse inner city neighborhoods are exposed to various volatile organic compounds socioeconomic status Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | alpha-pinene | Benzene | beta-pinene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | limonene | Methylene Chloride | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
16. Kirman CR, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) For the small number of volatile organic chemicals with detectable blood concentrations in the NHANES data set, the potential for deleterious non-cancer effects appears low but is affected by the smoking status of the participants. tobacco Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details
1–16 of 16 results.