Skip navigation

Chemical Biological Factors

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

Send correction
1–50 of 54 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Johnson NM, et al. (2010). Findings suggest that the incidence and level of aflatoxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure was less than that observed in a high-risk population; however, participants consuming higher amounts of foods prone to aflatoxin contamination may be more vulnerable to exposure and interactions with other environmental/biological factors (i.e., hepatitis C virus). diet 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Details
2. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
3. Ayotte P, et al. (2005). In summary, we found no relation between biomarkers of organochlorine exposure and markers of hepatic enzyme induction in this highly exposed group of fish eaters from the Lower North Shore of the St. Lawrence River. Our results suggest that smoking induces liver CYP1A2 activity, which in turn alters porphyrin metabolism and increases the biotransformation of mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls. tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects Canada plasma | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Coproporphyrins | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Glucaric Acid | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Uroporphyrins Details enzyme activator activity
4. Patel CJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We screened for correlation between environmental factors and lipid levels, utilizing four independent surveys with information on 188 environmental factors from the Centers of Disease Control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, collected between 1999 and 2006. age | body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-hydroxyfluorene | alpha-Tocopherol | Ascorbic Acid | beta Carotene | Cotinine | Cryptoxanthins | Fluorenes | Folic Acid | gamma-Tocopherol | Heptachlor Epoxide | Iron | lycopene | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | retinol palmitate | retinyl stearate | Vitamin A | Vitamin D Study subjects United States Details cholesterol metabolic process | triglyceride metabolic process
5. Ferguson KK, et al. (2016). In the present mediation analysis we statistically demonstrate within a causal framework that the relationship between phthalate exposure and spontaneous preterm birth is mediated in part by phthalate-induced oxidative stress, which has not been elucidated clearly in human or animal studies previously. 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Pregnant females United States urine Details Premature Birth | detection of oxidative stress
6. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
7. Groopman JD, et al. (2014). In this study we have found that aflatoxin exposure is ubiquitous among at least some of the rural populations of Nepal and Bangladesh, as assessed by a robust mass spectrometry-based albumin adduct biomarker. Aflatoxin B1 Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females Bangladesh|Nepal blood | blood, cord | serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct Details
8. Lai H, et al. (2014). The findings of this study indicate that occupational aflatoxin B1 airway exposure might be associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among factory workers. Aflatoxin B1 Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Workers China dust | serum aflatoxin-albumin adduct | Aflatoxin B1 Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
9. Yard EE, et al. (2013). Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) Our findings suggest that aflatoxin exposure is a public health problem throughout Kenya, and it could be substantially impacting human health. Aflatoxins Pregnant females | Study subjects Kenya serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct Details
10. Jager AV, et al. (2014). We performed a longitudinal assessment to evaluate the short-term exposure to aflatoxins in Sao Paulo (Brazil) by determination of urine levels: aflatoxin M1 was found (but there was no significant difference among the mean levels in four sampling periods), and the levels indicate a low short-term exposure to aflatoxins through the diet. diet Aflatoxins Study subjects Brazil urine Aflatoxin M1 Details
11. Liu Y, et al. (2010). Aflatoxin may play a causative role in 4.6-28.2% of all global hepatocellular carcinoma cases. Aflatoxins Study subjects Argentina|Australia|
Brazil|China|
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the|Egypt|
Ethiopia|Gambia|
India|Indonesia|
Iran, Islamic Republic of|Kenya|
Korea, Republic of|Malaysia|
Mexico|Mozambique|
Nigeria|Pakistan|
Philippines|South Africa|
Sudan|Tanzania, United Republic of|
Thailand|United States|
Zimbabwe
Aflatoxins Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
12. Shirima CP, et al. (2015). We investigated the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. Aflatoxins | fumonisin B1 Children Tanzania, United Republic of plasma | urine aflatoxin-albumin adduct | fumonisin B1 Details Growth Disorders
13. Lundström SL, et al. (2011). Several of the altered oxylipins have known or suspected bronchoprotective or anti-inflammatory effects, suggesting a possible reduced anti-inflammatory response in asthmatics following exposure to subway air. disease Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma Sweden lung 12,13-epoxy-9- keto-10-octadecenoic acid | 12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid | 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid | 13-Hydroxy-octadecatrienoic acid | 13-oxo-9,11-octadecadienoic acid | 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13,17-eicosapentaenoic acid | 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid | 15-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid | 15-keto-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid | 17-hydroxy-4,7,10,13,15,19-docosahexaenoic acid | 5,6-epoxy-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid | 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid | 8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid | 9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-11-enoic acid | 9,12,13-trihydroxy-10-octadecenoic acid | 9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid | 9-oxo-10,12-octadecadienoic acid | ALOX15 | Dinoprostone | Leukotriene B4 | PPARG | Prostaglandin D2 | PTGS1 | PTGS2 | Thromboxane B2 Details negative regulation of inflammatory response | oxylipin biosynthetic process
14. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
15. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
16. Belanger K, et al. (2003). In a cohort of 849 infants with an asthmatic sibling, the authors examined the relations of exposure to allergens (dust mite, cockroach, cat, and dog), nitrogen dioxide, and mold with symptoms of wheeze and persistent cough in the first year of life (1998-2000). disease | race | sex | socioeconomic status allergen Bla g 1 | Allergens | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns United States Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds
17. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
18. Concha G, et al. (2010). We analyzed numerous elements in drinking water collected in Andes villages (Argentina), and in urine of the inhabitants; besides confirmation of elevated arsenic concentrations in the drinking water, we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium, cesium, rubidium, and boron, and similarly elevated concentrations were found in urine of women. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects Argentina urine | water, drinking | water, tap Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
19. Hou L, et al. (2014). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) In this study, we evaluated the effects of PM elemental components on methylation of three tandem repeats in a highly-exposed population in Beijing, China. Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Workers China Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Details methylation
20. Williams DL, et al. (2011). These findings demonstrate that dairy operations increase community exposures to agents with known human health effects. This study also provides evidence that airborne biological contaminants (i.e. cow allergen) associated with airborne particulate matter are statistically elevated at distances up to three miles (4.8 km) from dairy operations. Ammonia | Bos d 2 allergen | Dust United States air, indoor | air, outdoor Ammonia | Bos d 2 allergen | Dust Details
21. Tischer C, et al. (2016). Lifestyle-Related factors on the Immune System and the Development of Allergies in Childhood plus the influence of traffic emissions and genetics (LISAplus) We observed a significant reduced risk for developing specific allergic sensitization to aeroallergens in early childhood after exposure to higher fungal diversity around birth, but with attenuated effects until later childhood. Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Children Germany dust Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Details Respiratory Hypersensitivity | Respiratory Sounds | sensitization
22. Stamp LK, et al. (2015). We have replicated findings identifying dust exposure (grain and silica) and farm exposure as risk factors for granulomatosis with polyangiitis; we have shown activities associated with exposure to inhaled antigens (in particular those related to farming or gardening) may increase the risk of the disease. Antigens | Dust | Silicon Dioxide Controls for disease:Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis | Subjects with disease:Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis New Zealand Details Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
23. Loo CK, et al. (2010). Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (TCHEQ) Questionnaire reports of a cat, of a gas stove, of mice as pests, of musty odours, and of the home's age predicted objectively measured concentrations of pollutants in the home at levels that may be associated with adverse health outcomes. Antigens, Dermatophagoides | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Canada air | dust Antigens, Dermatophagoides | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details
24. Brough HA, et al. (2015). Consortium of Food Allergy Research Observational Study (CoFAR) Exposure to peanut antigen in dust through an impaired skin barrier in atopically inflamed skin is a plausible route for peanut skin sensitization and peanut allergy. diet | disease Antigens, Plant Children | Subjects with disease:Dermatitis, Atopic United States dust Antigens, Plant Details Peanut Hypersensitivity
25. Zablotska LB, et al. (2008). Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) Intakes of B-vitamins and antioxidants, at doses greater than the current recommended daily amounts for the country, may reduce the risk of arsenic-related skin lesions in Bangladesh. age | body mass index | sex | socioeconomic status Arsenic | Ascorbic Acid | Folic Acid | Pyridoxine | Riboflavin | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Study subjects Bangladesh Details Skin Ulcer
26. Hansen AF, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey Our results suggest a possible role of bromine, cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, silver and zinc in the development of type 2 diabetes. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
27. Simić A, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey This study suggests an association between prevalent type 2 diabetes and blood levels of boron, calcium, indium, lead, magnesium and silver. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
28. Rotter I, et al. (2015). The primary aim of the study was to assess the relationship of blood heavy metal and bioelement concentrations and Metabolic Syndrome, in men aged 50-75 years. Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hypertension | Subjects with disease:Hypertension | Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Controls for disease:Overweight | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects Poland blood | serum Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hypertension | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Overweight | cholesterol homeostasis | insulin metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride homeostasis
29. Kippler M, et al. (2016). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Despite decreased water arsenic concentrations in rural Bangladesh, the children still have elevated exposure, largely from food (such as rice). diet Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Children | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Details
30. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
31. Rosado JL, et al. (2007). Children living in an area contaminated with both arsenic and lead showed that arsenic contamination can affect children's cognitive development, independent of any effect of lead. sex | socioeconomic status Arsenic | Copper | Lead | Zinc | zinc protoporphyrin Children Mexico blood | urine Arsenic | Copper | Lead | Zinc | zinc protoporphyrin Details cognition
32. Zhang H, et al. (2017). Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: a Longitudinal (REACTION) Study Serum magnesium levels are decreased and serum copper, zinc and selenium levels are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus China serum Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
33. Liu L, et al. (2017). In an experimental situation, ambient coarse particulate matter (and its biological constituents of endotoxin and beta-1,3-D-glucan) may influence neural biomarker levels that reflect perturbations of blood-brain barrier integrity and systemic stress response in volunteers. beta-1,3-D-glucan | Endotoxins | Particulate Matter Study subjects Canada blood | urine Hydrocortisone | S100B | UCHL1 | Vanilmandelic Acid Details
34. Schutte R, et al. (2008). Cadmium in Belgium Study (CadmiBel) | Public Health and Environmental Exposure to Cadmium Study (PheeCad) In the absence of renal tubular dysfunction, environmental exposure to cadmium increases bone resorption in women, suggesting a direct osteotoxic effect with increased calciuria and reactive changes in calciotropic hormones. Cadmium | Calcium Study subjects Belgium blood | serum | urine Cadmium | Calcium | PTH Details bone resorption
35. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
36. Park SB, et al. (2009). We investigated possible relationships between minerals and metabolic syndrome; the hair tissue contents of calcium, magnesium, and copper in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly lower than those of controls, whereas the amounts of sodium, potassium, and mercury in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly higher. Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Study subjects Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Details Metabolic Syndrome
37. Akesson A, et al. (2005). Women's Health in the Lund Area Study (WHILA) This population-based study of upper-middle-age women, representative of the general population of southern Sweden, showed clear associations between cadmium and the renal tubular-effect markers protein HC and NAG, even at the low levels of cadmium found in never-smokers. Cadmium | Creatinine | Lead Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Sweden blood | serum | urine AMBP | Cadmium | Calcium | Creatinine | CST3 | Lead Details glomerular filtration | renal system process
38. Janssen NA, et al. (2005). The findings of this study provide support for using fixed site measurements as a measure of exposure to particulate matter in time series studies linking the day to day variation in particulate matter to the day to day variation in health endpoints, especially for components of particulate matter that are generally associated with fine particles and have few indoor sources. Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases Finland|Netherlands air Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
39. Ferrandiz J, et al. (2004). We used exposure analysis to assess the effect of both protective factors-calcium and magnesium-on mortality from cerebrovascular (ICD-9 430-438) and ischemic heart (ICD-9 410-414) diseases. This study provides statistical evidence of the relationship between mortality from cardiovascular diseases and hardness of drinking water. Calcium | Magnesium Study subjects Spain Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
40. Adatorwovor R, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We examined dietary calcium and phosphorus intakes across gender and older adult age groups and found that the mean intakes for calcium were lower and for phosphorus were higher than the recommended dietary allowances, resulting in overall lower calcium-to-phosphorus ratios. age | diet Calcium | Phosphorus Study subjects United States Calcium | Phosphorus Details
41. Azziz-Baumgartner E, et al. (2012). Annual incidence of possible ciguatera fish poisoning was 4 per 1,000 person-years, and that of probable ciguatera fish poisoning was 7.5 per 1,000 person-years. Ciguatoxins Study subjects Puerto Rico Details Ciguatera Poisoning
42. Sunyer J, et al. (2008). The aim of the present study is to assess the association between Hexachlorobenzene and other organochlorines compounds, and urinary porphyrin excretion during childhood, at an age with a more valid assessment of porphyrins than at birth, and without the confounding effect of other determinants occurring at adulthood. Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Porphyrins Children Spain hair | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | coproporphyrin I | coproporphyrin III | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Methylmercury Compounds | PCB 180 | Porphyrins | uroporphyrin I | uroporphyrin III Details heme biosynthetic process
43. Senofonte, et al. (2000). Hair samples of school children from several urban areas of Rome (Italy) were analyzed to determine the content of 19 minor and trace elements with the aim of assessing reference values (and these values are compared with data from other countries); significant differences were found for certain elements depending on age and sex. age | sex Elements Children | Study subjects Bulgaria|Canada|
Italy|Japan|
New Zealand|United Kingdom|
United States
hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Phosphorus | Selenium | Strontium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
44. Blaurock-Busch E, et al. (2011). We assessed a spectrum of trace elements and heavy metals in hair and urine of both autistic and control groups to focus on the participants' past and present exposure. Elements | Metals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Saudi Arabia hair | urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Germanium | Iodine | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Palladium | Platinum | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
45. Park HS, et al. (2007). Hair samples of children from metropolitan and small cities in Korea were analyzed for 23 trace elements with the aim of assessing reference values; there was no significant difference in levels between metropolitan and small cities, but there were positive correlations between age and levels of zinc, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, lithium, and negative correlations for chromium, vanadium, and uranium. age Elements | Minerals Children Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Bismuth | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
46. Solomon GM, et al. (2006). We assessed potential human exposure to mold spores and endotoxin in New Orleans after the flooding of the city; unlike mold spores, the airborne endotoxin concentrations did not vary with flooded status or between indoor and outdoor environments. Endotoxins Study subjects United States air, indoor | air, outdoor Endotoxins Details
47. Wang Z, et al. (2012). We examined the difference in airborne bioaerosol levels in residential indoor environments measured using a robotic personal sampling surrogate (PIPER Mk IV) and a stationary sampler equipped with identical sampling equipment. PIPER, which is designed to simulate resuspension of the dust from flooring by young children, measured significantly higher endotoxin concentrations compared to the stationary sampler. Endotoxins Children United States air Endotoxins Details
48. Semple S, et al. (2010). Airborne endotoxin concentrations in homes burning biomass fuels are orders of magnitude higher than those found in homes in developed countries where endotoxin exposure has been linked to respiratory illness in children. Endotoxins | Particulate Matter Malawi|Nepal Endotoxins | Particulate Matter Details
49. Lai PS, et al. (2016). Shanghai Textile Worker Study In this workplace-based cohort of occupational organic dust and smoking exposure, we find that occupational endotoxin exposure is associated with persistent increases in lung density, lung mass, and airway thickening even after exposure cessation. Endotoxins | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Workers China Details Lung Diseases | lung growth
50. Rubio-Andrade M, et al. (2011). A follow-up study on lead exposure in children living in a smelter community in northern Mexico indicates that blood lead levels have significantly decreased. This could be explained by environmental interventions by authorities and the smelter companies, normal changes in hygienic habits as children age, and lead redistribution from blood to hard tissues. Lead Children Mexico blood Lead | zinc protoporphyrin Details
1–50 of 54 results.