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Chemical Carbon

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–39 of 39 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
2. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
3. Strickland MJ, et al. (2011). Implications of different approaches for characterizing ambient air pollutant concentrations within the urban airshed for time-series studies and health benefits analyses. Air Pollutants United States air, ambient Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details
4. Sarnat SE, et al. (2006). Our results suggest that ventilation may be an important modifier of the magnitude of effect in time-series health studies, and results from time-series health studies based on 24-hr ambient concentrations are more readily interpretable for particles than for gases. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient | air, personal Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
5. Wittkopp S, et al. (2016). Cardiovascular Health and Air Pollution Study We report novel associations of gene expression changes with traffic-related air pollution exposures in a Los Angeles cohort of elderly subjects with coronary artery disease in this exploratory panel study analysis. Air Pollutants | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air | blood Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CYP1B1 | HMOX1 | hopane | IL1B | NFE2L2 | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | NQO1 | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | SELP | SOD2 | Soot Details gene expression
6. Newman NC, et al. (2013). Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air Pollution Study (CCAAPS) Elemental carbon attributed to traffic exposure during infancy was associated with higher Hyperactivity scores in children; this association was limited to children whose mothers had more than a high school education. Air Pollutants | Carbon | Particulate Matter Children United States Particulate Matter Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | Conduct Disorder
7. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
8. Kalappanavar NK, et al. (2012). The study provides a first evidence of the strong association between air pollution and development of airway diseases. Carbon particles in macrophages in the sputum can be used as a marker for air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Children India air | macrophage Carbon | Particulate Matter Details Lung Diseases
9. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
10. Ryan PH, et al. (2007). Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air Pollution Study (CCAAPS) We derived a marker of diesel combustion (elemental carbon attributable to traffic sources, ECAT) from ambient monitoring results of particulate matter, and levels of ECAT from 0.30 to 0.90 micrograms per cubic meter were significantly associated with infant wheezing. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Infants or newborns United States air, ambient Carbon Details Respiratory Sounds
11. Samoli E, et al. (2016). Our results suggest that exhaust-related pollutants are associated with increased numbers of adult cardiovascular and pediatric respiratory hospitalizations. age Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Copper | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
12. Hao H, et al. (2016). We investigated associations between 11 ambient air pollutants and the risk of preterm birth in Georgia (U.S.) from 2002-2006; several pollutants were associated with preterm birth, and associations tended to be higher for mothers with low educational attainment and African-American mothers. race | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Pregnant females United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Premature Birth
13. Hou L, et al. (2015). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) Short-term elemental carbon exposure was associated with the expression of human and viral microRNAs, suggesting that latent viral microRNAs are potential mediators of air pollution-associated health effects; particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) showed no consistent relationships with microRNA. Air Pollutants, Occupational Workers China air, ambient | air, personal Carbon | Particulate Matter Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
14. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
15. Zhou J, et al. (2011). The Particulate Matter (PM2.5) components and gaseous pollutants associated with mortality in Detroit were most associated with warm season secondary aerosols and traffic markers. In Seattle, the component species most closely associated with mortality included those for cold season traffic and other combustion sources, such as residual oil and wood burning. Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc United States air Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
16. Wu M, et al. (2010). These findings confirm the previously reported association between World Trade Center dust exposure and bronchiolar and interstitial lung disease. Aluminum Silicates | Asbestos, Serpentine | Calcium Sulfate | Magnesium Silicates | Nanotubes, Carbon Workers United States lung Aluminum Silicates | Asbestos, Serpentine | Calcium Sulfate | Magnesium Silicates | Nanotubes, Carbon Details Bronchiolitis | Fibrosis | Metaplasia | Pneumonia
17. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
18. Stewart JC, et al. (2010). Inhalation of elemental carbon ultrafine particles for 2-hours transiently activated platelets, and possibly the vascular endothelium, in people with type 2 diabetes. Carbon Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 United States blood platelet | plasma | serum CD40LG | VWF Details
19. Davis ME, et al. (2011). Trucking Industry Particle Study (TrIPS) Our results provide a framework for understanding changes over time in exposure to elemental carbon in the U.S. trucking industry. Occupational exposure to elemental carbon declined substantially over time, and we found significant variability in estimated exposures both within and across job groups, trucking terminals, and regions of the United States. Carbon Workers United States Carbon Details
20. Wittkopp S, et al. (2013). Our results suggest that, in a small cohort of elderly adults with coronary artery disease, mitochondrial haplogroup U may have lower susceptibility to adverse effects of traffic-related air pollution compared to haplogroup H. genetics Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Details inflammatory response
21. Goldman GT, et al. (2010). Ambient air pollutant measurement error due to instrument imprecision and spatial variability is characterized and its impacts on health risk estimates are assessed. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
22. Kim SY, et al. (2015). Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) Study Particulate Matter (2.5) components possibly from combustion-related sources are more strongly associated with daily mortality than are secondary inorganic aerosols. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Study subjects United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia | Neoplasms
23. Ostro B, et al. (2015). California Teachers Study Our analysis of long-term exposure to the mass and constituents of Particulate Matter (2.5) and ultrafine particles revealed several statistically significant associations with all-cause, cardiovascular, and ischemic heart disease mortality. Carbon | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nitrates | Organic Chemicals | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States air Carbon | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nitrates | Organic Chemicals | Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Myocardial Ischemia
24. Suh HH, et al. (2010). Results indicate decreased vagal tone in response to traffic pollutants, which can best be detected with precise personal exposure measures. Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfates Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive | Study subjects United States air Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfates Details heart contraction
25. de F C Lichtenfels AJ, et al. (2018). Cooperative health research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) | LifeLines Cohort Study In the largest genome-wide methylation study to date, long-term nitrogen dioxide exposure was associated with differential DNA methylation in blood in 1,017 subjects from the LifeLines cohort study. Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Study subjects Netherlands air Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details DNA methylation | respiratory system process
26. Forns J, et al. (2016). BRain dEvelopment and Air polluTion ultrafine particles in scHool childrEn (BREATHE) Project In our study population of 7- to 11-year-old children residing in Barcelona, exposure to TRAPs at school was associated with increased behavioral problems in schoolchildren. Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Soot Children Spain air Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Soot Details Child Behavior Disorders
27. Basagaña X, et al. (2016). BRain dEvelopment and Air polluTion ultrafine particles in scHool childrEn (BREATHE) Project This study aimed to investigate if levels of PM at schools were associated with cognitive development separately for each particulate matter source. Carbon | Particulate Matter Children Spain air Particulate Matter Details cognition | memory
28. Baccarelli A, et al. (2011). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) Our results indicate delayed effects of ambient Particulate Matter (PM10) on blood pressure. Carbon | Particulate Matter Workers China air, ambient | air, personal Carbon | Particulate Matter Details Hypertension
29. Ghosh R, et al. (2016). We investigated the coronary heart disease burden from near-roadway air pollution and compared it with the particulate matter <= 2.5 microns burden in the California South Coast Air Basin for 2008 and under a compact urban growth greenhouse gas reduction scenario for 2035. Carbon | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States Carbon | Particulate Matter Details Coronary Disease | Death
30. Sun M, et al. (2013). Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Employing commonly-used exposure estimation approaches, all of the Particulate Matter (2.5) components considered, except silicon, were associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness, with the evidence being strongest for organic carbon; no component was associated with increased coronary artery calcium. Carbon | Particulate Matter | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air Carbon | Particulate Matter | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Details Atherosclerosis
31. Baumgartner J, et al. (2014). Our findings suggest that black carbon from combustion emissions is more strongly associated with blood pressure than particulate matter mass, and that black carbon's health effects may be larger among women living near a highway and with greater exposure to motor vehicle emissions. Carbon | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air Carbon | Particulate Matter | Soot Details positive regulation of blood pressure
32. Silverman DT, et al. (2012). Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS) Our results provide further evidence supporting a causal effect of diesel exhaust exposure on lung cancer mortality in humans. disease | tobacco Carbon | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Vehicle Emissions Workers United States Carbon Details Death | Lung Neoplasms
33. Amegah AK, et al. (2012). Maternal use of charcoal as a cooking fuel during pregnancy and burning of garbage at home are strong determinants of average fetal growth and risk of low birth weight. Charcoal Infants or newborns Ghana Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
34. Padhi BK, et al. (2017). Burning of household fuels could be a major source of endotoxin in homes; we measured endotoxin levels in different size fractions of particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5, and PM1) in homes using LPG (propane) vs. biomass fuel (complex mixtures), and estimated the deposition of particle-bound endotoxin in the respiratory tract. Complex Mixtures | Particulate Matter | Propane Study subjects India air, indoor | lung Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Endotoxins | Particulate Matter Details Lung Diseases, Interstitial
35. Attfield MD, et al. (2012). Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS) The study findings provide further evidence that exposure to diesel exhaust increases risk of mortality from lung cancer and have important public health implications. Dust | Radon | Vehicle Emissions Workers United States Carbon | Dust | Radon Details Esophageal Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Pneumoconiosis
36. Jacobs L, et al. (2010). Diabetic patients showed evidence of proinflammatory response to both recent and chronic exposure to Particulate Matter air pollution. Particulate Matter Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus Belgium air | sputum Carbon | Particulate Matter Details Inflammation | platelet activation
37. Peng RD, et al. (2009). Ambient levels of elemental carbon (soot) and organic carbon were associated with the largest risks of emergency hospitalization for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases across the major chemical constituents of fine particulate matter PM2.5 in the US. Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Nitrates | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
38. Vermeulen R, et al. (2014). Combined data from three U.S. occupational cohort studies suggest that diesel engine exhaust at levels common in the workplace and in outdoor air appear to pose substantial excess lifetime risks of lung cancer, above the usually acceptable limits in the United States and Europe, which are generally set at 1/1,000 and 1/100,000 based on lifetime exposure for the occupational and general population, respectively. Vehicle Emissions Study subjects | Workers United States Carbon Details Lung Neoplasms
39. Zhang X, et al. (2015). Our results show that occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust can induce increases in micronucleus, nucleoplasmic bridge, and nuclear bud frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Vehicle Emissions Workers China air, indoor | urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 9-phenanthrol | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Carbon | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Chromosome Aberrations | Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective | micronucleus organization
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