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Chemical Chlorophenols

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–27 of 27 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Bradman A, et al. (2003). As a first step in validating this (amniotic fluid) exposure biomarker, we collected 100 amniotic fluid samples slated for disposal and evaluated analytical methods to measure organophosphate and carbamate pesticides and metabolites, synthetic pyrethroid metabolites, herbicides, and chlorinated phenolic compounds. 1-naphthol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-naphthol | 2-phenylphenol | Carbofuran | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | Pentachlorophenol Mothers United States amniotic fluid 1-naphthol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-naphthol | 2-phenylphenol | Carbofuran | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | Pentachlorophenol Details
2. Dallaire R, et al. (2009). Exposure to several polyhalogenated compounds was associated with modifications of the thyroid parameters in adult Inuit, mainly by reducing total triiodothyronine and thyroxine-binding globulin circulating concentrations. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Study subjects Canada blood | plasma | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | SERPINA7 | Thyroxine | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion | thyroid hormone metabolic process
3. Dallaire R, et al. (2009). In this study we examined the relationship between exposure to potential thyroid hormone-disrupting toxicants and thyroid hormone status in pregnant Inuit women from Nunavik and their infants within the first year of life. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Hexachlorobenzene | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Canada blood, cord | plasma 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Hexachlorobenzene | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details gene expression | hormone metabolic process
4. No authors listed. (2000). This report describes the five deaths associated with 2,4-DCP exposure (presented in the order in which they were identified) and provides recommendations for preventing additional deaths. 2,4-dichlorophenol Workers France|United Kingdom|
United States
bile | blood | serum | stomach | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol Details Acute Disease | Burns, Chemical | Death | Poisoning | Seizures
5. Vernet C, et al. (2018). SEPAGES During pregnancy, phenol biomarkers showed a strong within-day variability, while the variability between days of a given week was more limited. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
6. LaRocca J, et al. (2015). Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort (HEBC) These results suggest that prenatal phenol and phthalate exposure is associated with altered microRNA expression in placenta, suggesting a potential mechanism of endocrine-disrupting chemicals toxicity in humans. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids | propylparaben | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States placenta | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | MIR142 | MIR15A | MIR185 | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
7. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
8. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
9. Kieszak SM, et al. (2002). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Priority Toxicant Reference Range Study (PTRRS) The main objective of our study was to determine whether we could use data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) to detect a relation between self-reported food consumption (particularly consumption of fruits, vegetables, and bread products) and urinary levels of pesticides or their metabolites in a population of 978 adults living in the US. diet Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | naphthalene | Pentachlorophenol | Pesticides Study subjects United States urine 1-naphthol | 2-isopropoxyphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-nitrophenol | Pentachlorophenol Details
10. Collins JJ, et al. (2007). This study examines serum levels of chlorinated dioxins and furans and PCBs for workers with potential chlorophenol exposure, worker referents, and community referents; distinct patterns of dioxin congeners were found many years after exposure among workers with different chlorophenol exposures. Chlorophenols Study subjects | Workers United States serum 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | octachlorodibenzofuran | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details
11. Lampi P, et al. (2008). The rapid changes in cancer risk after changes in chlorophenol exposure suggest that chlorophenols may have a promotion effect in the carcinogenic process. Chlorophenols Study subjects Finland Details Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Soft Tissue Neoplasms
12. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
13. Philippat C, et al. (2013). Study of Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental Health (SARAEH) Amniotic fluid detection frequencies for most phenols were low; the reproducibility of urine measures was poor for bisphenol A, but good for the other phenols; collecting multiple urine samples during pregnancy is an option to reduce exposure measurement error. Creatinine | Phenols Pregnant females United States amniotic fluid | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Creatinine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
14. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
15. Teitelbaum SL, et al. (2008). We evaluated intraindividual temporal variability in 19 urinary biomarkers of endocrine disrupters (eight phthalate metabolites from six phthalate diesters, six phytoestrogens, and five phenols) among New York City minority children. Endocrine Disruptors Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butane-1,4-diol | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Equol | Genistein | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | O-desmethylangolensin | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details
16. Philippat C, et al. (2014). EDEN Our study suggested associations between prenatal exposure to parabens and triclosan and prenatal or early postnatal growth; however, we relied on only one spot urine sample to assess exposure, and because of the high variability in phenol urinary concentrations reported during pregnancy, using only one sample may result in exposure misclassification (in particular for bisphenol A). methylparaben | Phenols | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
17. Buckley JP, et al. (2016). Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Although we did not observe strong evidence that prenatal environmental phenol exposures influence the development of childhood adiposity, the potential antiadipogenic effect of benzophenone-3 (oxybenzone) in girls may warrant further investigation. sex oxybenzone | Phenols Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details adipose tissue development
18. Meeker JD, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) We found positive associations in pregnant women in Puerto Rico between biomarker concentrations with self-reported use of liquid soap (triclosan), sunscreen (benzophenone-3), lotion (benzophenone-3 and parabens), and cosmetics (parabens); our results can inform future epidemiology studies and strategies to reduce exposure to these chemicals or their precursors. Parabens | Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects Puerto Rico|United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
19. Tefre de Renzy-Martin K, et al. (2014). Odense Child Cohort We found detectable levels of phthalate metabolites, parabens, and phenols in almost all pregnant women, suggesting combined multiple exposures; our results raise concern, as current toxicological risk assessments in humans do not take into account simultaneous exposure, and the true cumulative risk for the fetus may be underestimated Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
20. Frederiksen H, et al. (2014). Copenhagen Mother-Child Cohort | Copenhagen Puberty Study | Odense Child Cohort Our study shows that nearly all Danes were exposed to the six most common phthalates, three phenols, and at least two of the parabens; the exposure to other non-persistent chemicals was also widespread. Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
21. Castorina R, et al. (2010). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our findings indicate that pregnant women in the Salinas Valley are chronically exposed to several current-use organophosphorus and organochlorine pesticides and chlorinated phenols, with additional intermittent exposures to other pesticides. Findings suggest that the CHAMACOS cohort has an additional burden of precursor pesticide exposure compared with the national sample, possibly from living and/or working in an agricultural area. Pesticides Pregnant females United States urine 1-naphthol | 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4,6-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-naphthol | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | 4-nitrophenol | acephate | DEET | Dimethoate | Ethylenethiourea | Pentachlorophenol Details
22. Mortensen ME, et al. (2014). National Children's Study (NCS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We report urinary concentrations of environmental phenols in pregnant women in a pilot study of the National Children's Study, and (comparing these results to those from NHANES studies) find that race/ethnicity and geographic location determined urinary concentrations of most phenols, except bisphenol A. race Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
23. Wolff MS, et al. (2015). Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Project (BCERP) We estimated relative risk of age at puberty associated with phenol exposures among girls when they were 6-8 years old and followed annually for 7 years; girls experienced breast development 5-6 months later (for enterolactone and benzophenone-3) or 4-9 months sooner (for triclosan and 2,5-dichlorophenol). sex Phenols Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Genistein | oxybenzone | Parabens | Triclosan Details thelarche
24. Wolff MS, et al. (2008). Children's Environmental Health Study We observed a range of phthalate and phenol exposures during pregnancy, but few were associated with birth size; the association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and benzophenone-3 with reduced or increased birth weight could be important in very early or small-size births. Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details Birth Weight
25. Casas L, et al. (2011). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Phthalate and phenol exposures are prevalent in a group of pregnant women and young children, two susceptible populations, and these exposures might be positively related to social class. socioeconomic status Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
26. Philippat C, et al. (2012). EDEN | PELAGIE We observed evidence of an inverse association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and a positive association of benzophenone-3 with male birth weight. sex Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
27. Lankester J, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Triclosan exposure is associated with increased body mass index; however, stronger effect at moderate than high urinary levels suggests a complex mechanism of action. body mass index Triclosan Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | Triclosan Details Body Weight
1–27 of 27 results.