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Chemical Elements, Radioactive

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–31 of 31 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Beard JD, et al. (2016). Genes and Environmental Exposures in Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (GENEVA) We evaluated associations between military-related factors and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using data from a case-control study of US military veterans; among some of the positive associations (needing confirmation) were exposure to military herbicides, military nasopharyngeal radium, and Agent Orange. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical | Radium Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Veterans United States Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. Morton J, et al. (2014). We report 95th percentiles of 61 elements in urine samples from occupationally unexposed UK adults. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Study subjects United Kingdom urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
3. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
4. Concha G, et al. (2010). We analyzed numerous elements in drinking water collected in Andes villages (Argentina), and in urine of the inhabitants; besides confirmation of elevated arsenic concentrations in the drinking water, we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium, cesium, rubidium, and boron, and similarly elevated concentrations were found in urine of women. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects Argentina urine | water, drinking | water, tap Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
5. Feng W, et al. (2015). In the current study, we found that multiple metals in urine are associated with fasting plasma glucose, impaired fasting glucose or diabetes risk among a general Chinese population. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Controls for disease:Glucose Intolerance | Subjects with disease:Glucose Intolerance China urine Details Diabetes Mellitus | Glucose Intolerance | glucose metabolic process
6. Rango T, et al. (2015). This study explored the concentrations of inorganic contaminants in drinking water sources from chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) endemic and nonendemic areas, and we were unable to establish a clear link between nephrotoxic contaminant levels and the presence of CKDu. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Controls for disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Subjects with disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Study subjects Sri Lanka urine Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Details
7. Al-Sabbak M, et al. (2012). Our data suggested that birth defects in the Iraqi cities of Al Basrah and Fallujah are mainly folate-dependent. This knowledge offers possible treatment options and remediation plans for at-risk Iraqi populations. Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Study subjects Brazil|Canada|
Ethiopia|India|
Iraq|Mexico|
Norway|Pakistan|
Poland|Spain|
Turkey|United States
hair | nail | tooth Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
8. Pang Y, et al. (2016). Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) | Strong Heart Study (SHS) We searched to identify patterns of metal mixtures which could suggest common environmental sources and/or metabolic pathways of different urinary metals, and compared metal-mixtures in two population-based studies from urban/sub-urban and rural/town areas in the US. race | tobacco Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Uranium | Zinc Study subjects United States urine Antimony | Arsenicals | Cadmium | Lead | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Uranium | Zinc Details
9. Rice DC, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We measured the concentrations of a suite of metals in the blood of children 1-6 years of age, and assessed potential differences by age, season, or region of Maine; the use of convenience samples provided a cost-effective mechanism for assessing exposure of young children. Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Manganese | Mercury | Selenium | Uranium Children United States blood Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Manganese | Mercury | Selenium | Uranium Details
10. Menke A, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher quartiles of barium, molybdenum, and antimony were associated with greater HOMA of insulin resistance after adjustment; molybdenum, antimony, tungsten, and uranium were positively associated with diabetes, even at the relatively low levels seen in the US. Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Study subjects United States urine Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Details Diabetes Mellitus | Insulin Resistance
11. Li P, et al. (2012). Third National Death Cause Survey (NDCS) Occupational agents represent an important cause of cancer, but indoor radon plays a relatively limited role in cancer causes in China. Arsenic | Asbestos | Benzene | benzidine | Chromates | Coke | Radon | Silicon Dioxide Study subjects China Details Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Mesothelioma | Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
12. Downs TJ, et al. (2010). We piloted participatory testing and reporting that combined relatively simple tests with actionable reporting to empower residents in Main South/Piedmont neighborhoods of Worcester, Massachusetts. Chlorine | Lead | Nitrates | Nitrites | Particulate Matter | Radon United States air | dust | soil | water Chlorine | Lead | Nitrates | Nitrites | Particulate Matter | Radon Details
13. Attfield MD, et al. (2012). Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS) The study findings provide further evidence that exposure to diesel exhaust increases risk of mortality from lung cancer and have important public health implications. Dust | Radon | Vehicle Emissions Workers United States Carbon | Dust | Radon Details Esophageal Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Pneumoconiosis
14. Blaurock-Busch E, et al. (2011). We assessed a spectrum of trace elements and heavy metals in hair and urine of both autistic and control groups to focus on the participants' past and present exposure. Elements | Metals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Saudi Arabia hair | urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Germanium | Iodine | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Palladium | Platinum | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
15. Park HS, et al. (2007). Hair samples of children from metropolitan and small cities in Korea were analyzed for 23 trace elements with the aim of assessing reference values; there was no significant difference in levels between metropolitan and small cities, but there were positive correlations between age and levels of zinc, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, lithium, and negative correlations for chromium, vanadium, and uranium. age Elements | Minerals Children Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Bismuth | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
16. Rashed-Nizam QM, et al. (2015). The distribution of terrestrial radionuclides in three residential hubs-Chandgaon, Halishahar and Nasirabad-of the Chittagong metropolitan city, Bangladesh was measured using gamma spectrometry. Elements, Radioactive | Radium | Soil Pollutants, Radioactive | Thorium Bangladesh soil Elements, Radioactive | Radium | Soil Pollutants, Radioactive | Thorium Details
17. Savabieasfahani M, et al. (2015). Exposure to mixtures of metals that can result from high-temperature explosions of war may have additive or synergistic effects that can alter toxicity, especially in developing children; a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders are appearing in Iraqi cities where bombing and military events have led to increased public exposures to toxic metals. Magnesium | Metals | Titanium Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Controls for disease:Neurodevelopmental Disorders | Subjects with disease:Neurodevelopmental Disorders Iran, Islamic Republic of|Iraq hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
18. Liu B, et al. (2016). Our results indicated that the urinary copper and zinc levels were positively associated with the risk of diabetes and hyperglycemia among coke oven workers; urinary manganese, barium, and lead levels were also associated with increased risk of hyperglycemia. Metals | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hyperglycemia | Subjects with disease:Hyperglycemia | Workers China urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hyperglycemia
19. Yard E, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We conducted a cross-sectional study of residents living near the Akaki River in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia); this river contains elevated levels of several metals, but most of the exposures we found seem unlikely to cause acute health effects based on known toxic thresholds (however, toxicity data for many of these metals are very limited). Metals | Water Pollutants, Chemical Study subjects Ethiopia|United States blood | urine | water, drinking Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Iodine | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Selenium | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Details
20. Zimeri AM, et al. (2015). We present data that show environmental exposure to heavy metals and polychlorinated biphenyls in drinking water and heavy metal presence in the plasma of nine patients with sporadic breast cancer. Metals, Heavy Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms United States plasma Aluminum | Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Iron | Lead | Silver | Uranium Details
21. Alam L, et al. (2011). The aim of this study was to estimate the Polonium-210 concentration level in marine organisms from the coastal area of Kapar, Malaysia which is very near to a coal burning power plant station and to assess its impact on seafood consumers. diet Polonium Australia|Brazil|
Cuba|India|
Japan|Malaysia|
Poland|Sudan|
Syrian Arab Republic|United Kingdom|
United States
seafood | water, sea Polonium Details
22. Demoury C, et al. (2017). Geocap Study | Incidence Study We did not see evidence of any association between acute leukemia incidence rates and exposure to radon or gamma radiation in France in a nationwide incidence study over a 20-year period, using fine scale exposure assessment. Radioactive Pollutants | Radon Children | Controls for disease:Leukemia | Subjects with disease:Leukemia France air Radioactive Pollutants | Radon Details Leukemia
23. Afolabi OT, et al. (2015). The radon levels obtained in most assessed offices in Obafemi Awolowo University were found to be within the permissible reference levels, and levels showed a significant decline with height of office building, with the highest mean concentration of radon occuring in offices located on the basement, ground floor, and first floor. Radon Study subjects | Workers Nigeria air, indoor Radon Details
24. Ruano-Ravina A, et al. (2012). The concentrations of residential radon in never-smoker lung cancer patients are very high, at about three times the average concentration of residential radon to which the general population is exposed in Galicia, Spain. Radon Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms Spain air, indoor Radon Details
25. Barros-Dios JM, et al. (2012). The presence of airborne radon even at low concentrations poses a risk of developing lung cancer, with tobacco habit increasing considerably this risk. tobacco Radon Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms | Study subjects Spain Radon Details Adenocarcinoma | Carcinoma, Large Cell | Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Lung Neoplasms | Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
26. Leng S, et al. (2015). Saccomanno Uranium Miner Cohort An IL6 promoter variant was associated with lung cancer in uranium miners (exposed to radon) and never smokers in two external study populations; the associations are strongly supported by the functional relevance that the IL6 promoter SNP affects basal expression and carcinogen-induced IL6 secretion. genetics Radon Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms | Workers United States Details Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Lung Neoplasms
27. Walczak K, et al. (2016). The aim of this study has been to preliminary estimate radon concentrations and doses that are possible to derive in the air of the spas that use geothermal water for medicinal and recreation purposes. Radon Workers Poland air Radon Details
28. Chahine T, et al. (2011). Our models provide an approach for leveraging publicly available information from nationally representative data to capture correlations among parameters affecting both residential radon exposure and subsequent risk of lung cancer given smoking patterns. Radon Study subjects United States Radon Details Lung Neoplasms
29. Chen J, et al. (2012). Based on the more accurate radon distribution characteristics obtained from the recent cross-Canada radon survey, a re-assessment of Canadian population risk for radon induced lung cancer was undertaken. The theoretical estimates show that 16% of lung cancer deaths among Canadians are attributable to indoor radon exposure. Radon Study subjects Canada air, indoor Radon Details Lung Neoplasms
30. Dorsey CD, et al. (2009). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The overwhelming majority (97%) of the 1,769 urine specimens submitted by Gulf War and post-Gulf War veterans had urine Uranium levels in the range of those found in the general U.S. population, that is, <=95th percentile of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey results collected between 2001 and 2002. Uranium Military personnel | Study subjects United States urine Uranium Details
31. Wagner SE, et al. (2010). Fernald Medical Monitoring Program Results from this investigation suggest that residents in the vicinity of the Fernald plant with elevated exposure to uranium primarily via inhalation exhibited decreases in white blood cell counts, and small, though statistically significant, gender-specific alterations in systolic blood pressure at entry into the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program. sex Uranium Study subjects United States Uranium Details hemopoiesis | regulation of blood pressure
1–31 of 31 results.