These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Svedberg UR, et al. (2004).||High levels of hexanal and carbon monoxide were strongly associated with storage of wood pellets and may constitute an occupational and domestic health hazard.||1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene||Study subjects||Sweden||air||1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene||Details|
|2.||Ferrari M, et al. (2015).||The short-term use of the specific brand of nicotine-free e-cigarette assessed in this study had no immediate adverse effects on non-smokers and only small effects on forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced expiratory flow 25% in smokers.||tobacco||Benzoic Acid | ethyl carbonate | Nicotine | Propylene Glycol | quinoline | Tobacco Smoke Pollution||Study subjects||Italy||Details||respiratory gaseous exchange|
|3.||Wu Z, et al. (2017).||We report urinary biomarkers for occupational exposure to N,N-dimethylformamide and reveal dose-response relationships between their levels and liver injury, with males having a greater risk of injury.||sex||Dimethylformamide||Workers||China||urine||methylformamide
||Details||Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury|
|4.||Jia X, et al. (2014).||In the present study, we aimed to examine the distribution of major lymphocyte subpopulations (T cells, B cells, and NK cells) in the peripheral blood of formaldehyde-exposed and unexposed workers.||Formaldehyde | formic acid||Workers||China||air||Formaldehyde||Details||B cell proliferation | interferon-gamma secretion | interleukin-10 secretion | interleukin-4 secretion | interleukin-8 secretion | natural killer cell proliferation | tumor necrosis factor secretion|