Skip navigation

Chemical Heterocyclic Compounds

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

Send correction
1–50 of 316 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
2. Aquilina NJ, et al. (2010). Measurement and Modelling of Air Toxic Concentrations for Health Effect Studies Project (MATCH) The objective of this study was to analyse environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites in urine samples of non-occupationally exposed non-smoker adult subjects and to establish relationships between airborne exposures and urinary concentrations in order to assess the suitability of the studied metabolites as biomarkers of PAH and ETS, study the use of 3-ethenypyridine as ETS tracer, and link ETS scenarios with exposures to carcinogenic PAH and volatile organic compounds. tobacco 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Study subjects United Kingdom urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
3. Hedley AJ, et al. (2006). In a 2002-2003 World Health Organization exposure study, 13 pools of breast milk comprising samples from 316 primiparous women in Hong Kong in 2002 were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for 29 polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins /dibenzofurans and dioxin-like poly-chlorinated biphenyls congeners. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Benzofurans | octachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | polychlorodibenzofuran | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Mothers Hong Kong milk, human 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Benzofurans | octachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | polychlorodibenzofuran | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details
4. Warner M, et al. (2014). Seveso Women's Health Study (SWHS) We measured individual 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and total toxic equivalent concentrations in serum collected approximately twenty years after the 1976 explosion for a sample of the Seveso Women's Health Study cohort. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | octachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Controls for disease:Chloracne | Subjects with disease:Chloracne | Study subjects Italy serum 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | octachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details
5. Lee DH, et al. (2007). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study suggests that the prevalence of a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors relates to background exposure to a mixture of persistent organic pollutants, several of which are also related to the prevalence of diabetes. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Study subjects United States Details Insulin Resistance | Metabolic Syndrome | cholesterol metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride metabolic process
6. Pless-Mulloli T, et al. (2005). Long term residency near heavy and chemical industry did not have an effect on women's body burden of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and furans and polychlorinated biphenyls on Teesside, UK. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | Benzofurans | Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Study subjects United Kingdom blood 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | Benzofurans | Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details
7. Turyk ME, et al. (2007). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In the adult participants of NHANES from 1999 to 2002, total thyroxine was negatively associated with serum dioxin-like toxic equivalents in a dose-dependent fashion, with stronger associations in women than men. age | sex 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Benzofurans | dibenzodioxin | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States serum 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Benzofurans | dibenzodioxin | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
8. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
9. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2018). Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study These findings provide evidence that using combusted tobacco cigarettes alone or in combination with e-cigarettes is associated with higher concentrations of potentially harmful tobacco constituents in comparison with using e-cigarettes alone. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorenes | hydroxycotinine | Isocyanates | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | propylene oxide | Strontium | Styrene | Thallium | Toluene | Uranium | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United States urine 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-methylhippuric acid | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Fluorenes | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-benzyl-N-acetyl-L-cysteine | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium Details
10. Shahab L, et al. (2017). This study assessed whether long-term e-cigarette (EC)-only, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-only, dual cigarette-EC or dual cigarette-NRT use is associated with differences in metabolites of a) nicotine; b) tobacco-specific nitrosaminess and c) volatile organic compounds (VOC) compared with cigarette-only smokers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Carbon Disulfide | Cyanides | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | propylene oxide | Styrene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United Kingdom saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 2-amino-delta(2)-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid | 2-butenal | 2-methylhippuric acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | mandelic acid | muconic acid | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | raphanusamic acid | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | Styrene Details
11. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2017). This study showed for the first time that after switching from tobacco to e-cigarettes, nicotine exposure remains unchanged, while exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants is substantially reduced. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Carbon Monoxide | Ethylene Oxide | fluorene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | propylene oxide | pyrene Study subjects Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acetylcysteine | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenanthrene | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
12. Rubinstein ML, et al. (2018). Overall results reveal significantly greater toxicant exposure in adolescent e-cigarette users compared with their nonusing peers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | propylene oxide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrylamide | Cotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
13. Rull RP, et al. (2006). Data on two case-control study populations of infants with neural tube defects (NTDs) and nonmalformed controls delivered in California between 1987 and 1991 were pooled to investigate whether maternal residential proximity to applications of specific pesticides or physicochemical groups of pesticides during early gestation increases the risk of these malformations. 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Amides | Benomyl | Benzimidazoles | Captan | Chlorpyrifos | devrinol | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | Methomyl | methyl carbamate | methyl demeton | Naled | Organophosphorus Compounds | vendex Infants or newborns United States 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Amides | Benomyl | Benzimidazoles | Captan | Chlorpyrifos | devrinol | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | Methomyl | methyl carbamate | methyl demeton | Naled | Organophosphorus Compounds | vendex Details Anencephaly | Neural Tube Defects | Spinal Dysraphism
14. Kponee KZ, et al. (2018). In this pilot study, we measured indoor volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the indoor air of 20 households in Ogale, an Ogoniland community whose groundwater system is contaminated with benzene at levels 900 times the World Health Organization guidelines and evaluated self-reported health conditions and predicted cancer risks and hazards from inhalation exposure to VOCs. 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects Nigeria air 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Details Neoplasms
15. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2018). Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) Some air toxics were associated with autism spectrum disorder risk and severity, including some traffic-related air pollutants and newly-reported associations, but other previously reported associations with metals and volatile organic compounds were not reproducible. 1,4-dioxane | 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate | 4-dichlorobenzene | benzidine | bromoform | Carbon Disulfide | chlorobenzene | Dibenzofurans | methyl tert-butyl ether | propionaldehyde | Urethane Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
16. Aszyk J, et al. (2017). A gas chromatography-electron ionization-mass spectometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 46 commonly used flavour additives in e-liquids. 1-hexanol | 3,4-dihydrocoumarin | 3-hexen-1-ol | 4-Butyrolactone | alpha-terpineol | anisyl acetate | benzaldehyde | benzyl acetate | Benzyl Alcohol | citronellol | decan-4-olide | decanaldehyde | ethyl hexanoate | Eugenol | Furaldehyde | furfuryl alcohol | isoamyl acetate | Limonene | linalyl acetate | methyl acetate | n-pentanol | raspberry ketone Poland e-cigarette, liquid 1-hexanol | 3,4-dihydrocoumarin | 3-hexen-1-ol | 4-Butyrolactone | alpha-terpineol | anisyl acetate | benzaldehyde | benzyl acetate | Benzyl Alcohol | citronellol | decan-4-olide | decanaldehyde | ethyl hexanoate | Eugenol | Furaldehyde | furfuryl alcohol | isoamyl acetate | Limonene | linalyl acetate | methyl acetate | n-pentanol | raspberry ketone Details
17. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
18. Johnson NM, et al. (2010). Findings suggest that the incidence and level of aflatoxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure was less than that observed in a high-risk population; however, participants consuming higher amounts of foods prone to aflatoxin contamination may be more vulnerable to exposure and interactions with other environmental/biological factors (i.e., hepatitis C virus). diet 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Details
19. Meeker JD, et al. (2004). In the present study we found associations between urinary metabolites of contemporary-use insecticides and decreased sperm concentration and motility in humans. 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Insecticides Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male United States semen | urine 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details Infertility, Male | spermatogenesis | sperm motility
20. Ayotte P, et al. (2005). In summary, we found no relation between biomarkers of organochlorine exposure and markers of hepatic enzyme induction in this highly exposed group of fish eaters from the Lower North Shore of the St. Lawrence River. Our results suggest that smoking induces liver CYP1A2 activity, which in turn alters porphyrin metabolism and increases the biotransformation of mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls. tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects Canada plasma | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Coproporphyrins | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Glucaric Acid | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Uroporphyrins Details enzyme activator activity
21. Patel CJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We screened for correlation between environmental factors and lipid levels, utilizing four independent surveys with information on 188 environmental factors from the Centers of Disease Control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, collected between 1999 and 2006. age | body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-hydroxyfluorene | alpha-Tocopherol | Ascorbic Acid | beta Carotene | Cotinine | Cryptoxanthins | Fluorenes | Folic Acid | gamma-Tocopherol | Heptachlor Epoxide | Iron | Lycopene | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | retinol palmitate | retinyl stearate | Vitamin A | Vitamin D Study subjects United States Details cholesterol metabolic process | triglyceride metabolic process
22. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
23. Dallaire R, et al. (2009). Exposure to several polyhalogenated compounds was associated with modifications of the thyroid parameters in adult Inuit, mainly by reducing total triiodothyronine and thyroxine-binding globulin circulating concentrations. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Study subjects Canada blood | plasma | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | SERPINA7 | Thyroxine | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion | thyroid hormone metabolic process
24. Wang SL, et al. (2004). This study has provided an indication of polychlorinated biphenyl, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin, and dibenzofuran body burden from a group of childbearing aged women and their newborns among the general population in central Taiwan. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | Endocrine Disruptors | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China blood | blood, cord | milk, human | placenta Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | Endocrine Disruptors | Heterocyclic Compounds | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Details
25. Tsukimori K, et al. (2008). High levels of polychlorinated biphenyls/polychlorinated dibenzofurans exposure had some adverse effects on pregnancy outcome in Yusho women. 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl Pregnant females | Study subjects Japan 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl Details Pregnancy Complications
26. Kanagawa Y, et al. (2008). Yusho Study Group After Yusho patients had suffered chronic exposure to these chlorinated compounds for more than 35 years, the serum concentration of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF in blood was significantly related to arthralgia and decreased albumin/globulin ratio; the serum concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls was significantly related to ophthalmologic symptoms; and the serum concentration of polychlorinated quarterphenyl to increased total cholesterol. 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Japan Details Arthralgia | Eye Diseases | Hematologic Diseases
27. Arcury TA, et al. (2007). In this investigation we documented the pesticide urinary metabolite levels of farmworker children in North Carolina, determined the number of different metabolites detected for each child, and delineated risk factors associated with the number of metabolites. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | DEET | Diazinon | isazophos | Malathion | metolachlor | Parathion | pirimiphos methyl Children United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | DEET | Diazinon | isazophos | Malathion | metolachlor | Parathion | pirimiphos methyl Details
28. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
29. Goldner WS, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These data support a role of organochlorines, in addition to fungicides, in the etiology of thyroid disease among female spouses enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlordan | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | Fungicides, Industrial | glyphosate | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Insecticides | Malathion | mancozeb | Maneb | metalaxyl | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Petroleum | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
30. Waggoner JK, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this large cohort of male farmers, pesticide use, in addition to farm machinery use, was associated with fatal injury. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | metribuzin | Paraquat | Ziram Workers United States Details Death
31. Saldana TM, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that activities involving exposure to agricultural pesticides during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Atrazine | butylate | Carbofuran | Diazinon | fenoprop | Pesticides | Phorate Mothers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Diabetes, Gestational
32. Kamel F, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase Parkinson's disease risk. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Benomyl | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | Dicamba | Ethylene Dibromide | Hexachlorocyclohexane | mancozeb | Maneb | methyl bromide | Paraquat | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Phorate | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Parkinson Disease
33. Engel LS, et al. (2005). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) While pesticide use overall is not associated with an increased rate of breast cancer among the wives of farmers in the Agricultural Health Study cohort, use of certain pesticides may be related to increased risk. These include the herbicides 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxypropionic acid and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, the insecticide dieldrin, and the fungicide captan. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Captan | Dieldrin | fenoprop Study subjects United States Details Breast Neoplasms
34. Hoppin JA, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These results provide preliminary evidence that pesticide use may increase chronic bronchitis prevalence. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Malathion | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
35. Carreón T, et al. (2005). Upper Midwest Health Study (UMHS) Results show that exposure to pesticides was not associated with an increased risk of intracranial gliomas in women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | alachlor | Aniline Compounds | Arsenicals | Atrazine | bentazone | Benzoic Acid | Carbamates | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Inorganic Chemicals | Malathion | metolachlor | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Triazines | Trifluralin Controls for disease:Glioma | Subjects with disease:Glioma United States Details Glioma
36. Munger R, et al. (1997). We conclude that communities in southern Iowa with drinking water supplies contaminated with herbicides have elevated rates of intrauterine growth retardation compared to neighboring communities with different water supplies. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane Pregnant females United States water, drinking 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane | Xylenes Details Fetal Growth Retardation
37. Swan SH, et al. (2003). Study for Future Families (SFF) This is the first population-based study to demonstrate links between specific biomarkers of environmental exposures and biomarkers of male reproduction in humans. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | alachlor | Atrazine | DEET | Diazinon | Malathion | metolachlor Controls for disease:Infertility, Male | Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male | Study subjects United States semen 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | alachlor | Atrazine | DEET | Diazinon | Malathion | metolachlor Details Infertility, Male
38. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
39. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hexachlorocyclohexane | imazethapyr | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
40. Slager RE, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Exposure to pesticides may increase the risk of rhinitis. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Benomyl | Carbofuran | Diazinon | glyphosate | Petroleum Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Rhinitis
41. Hoppin JA, et al. (2008). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that pesticides may contribute to atopic asthma, but not nonatopic asthma, among farm women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbamates | Carbaryl | Coumaphos | DDT | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | metalaxyl | Organophosphates | Parathion | Permethrin | Pesticides | Phorate Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Asthma
42. Thomas KW, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study provides a direct assessment of the intensity score algorithm within the Agricultural Health Study cohort for several application methods. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details
43. Coble J, et al. (2011). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Revised weighting factors in a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm were developed for use in epidemiologic analyses for the Agricultural Health Study by using exposure monitoring data from two monitoring substudies in combination with the world's exposure literature and Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details
44. Thomas KW, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study provides information on pesticide exposures and possible exposure determinants for several application methods commonly used by farmers and will provide information to assess and refine exposure classification; results may also be of use in pesticide safety education for reducing exposures to pesticide applicators. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States air, personal | body region | hand | urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Chlorpyrifos Details
45. Mandel JS, et al. (2005). The results of the study showed that exposure to farm family members can be quantified using biological markers of exposure and the exposure was variable by chemical largely, though not exclusively, determined by the degree of direct contact with the application process. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos | Herbicides Children | Study subjects | Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Herbicides Details
46. Aszyk J, et al. (2017). Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization methods were developed for the simultaneous determination of 42 flavouring compounds and nicotine in liquids for e-cigarettes. 2,5-dimethylpyrazine | 2,6-lutidine | 2-acetylpyrrole | 5-methyl-2-furfural | benzyl acetate | cyclotene | diethyl succinate | ethyl acetoacetate | ethyl lactate | ethyl maltol | ethyl vanillin | furaneol | gamma-valerolactone | linalool | maltol | Menthol | menthone | methyl cinnamate | methylheptenone | methyl salicylate | Nicotine | pyridine | tetramethylpyrazine | vanillin Poland e-cigarette 2,5-dimethylpyrazine | 2,6-lutidine | 2-acetylpyrrole | 5-methyl-2-furfural | benzyl acetate | cyclotene | diethyl succinate | ethyl acetoacetate | ethyl lactate | ethyl maltol | ethyl vanillin | furaneol | gamma-valerolactone | linalool | maltol | Menthol | menthone | methyl cinnamate | methylheptenone | methyl salicylate | Nicotine | pyridine | tetramethylpyrazine | vanillin Details
47. Kim D, et al. (2013). Among 21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, N-acetyltransferases and UDP-glucuronide transferases investigated in this study, genotypic groups of CYP1A1/T6235C (MSP I) and CYP1A2/-2467delT showed significant differences in 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine excretion (P < 0.05). genetics 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine Study subjects Korea, Republic of urine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine Details
48. Le NT, et al. (2016). Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) | Nurses' Health Study (NHS) Results from these two large prospective cohort studies do not support the hypothesis that higher intake of heterocyclic amine intake per se substantially increases risk of colorectal cancer. However, we observed positive association between 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo pyridine from red meat, but not from white meat, and proximal colon cancers. 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine Workers United States Details Colorectal Neoplasms
49. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nicotine delivery potential of a new-generation electronic cigarette (EC) device in a group of smokers with no previous experience in EC use compared to a group of experienced vapers, and to examine the association between nicotine absorption and puffing topography. tobacco 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Study subjects Greece e-cigarette, liquid | plasma 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Details
50. Bitzer ZT, et al. (2018). In this study, we examined free radical, nicotine, and carbonyl delivery from the standardized research e-cigarette (SREC), Blu and Vuse under different puffing parameters to capture the likely changes across different user behaviors. 2-butenal | Acetaldehyde | Acetone | Acrolein | Formaldehyde | Free Radicals | methylethyl ketone | Nicotine | propionaldehyde United States e-cigarette, vapor 2-butenal | Acetaldehyde | Acetone | Acrolein | Formaldehyde | Free Radicals | methylethyl ketone | Nicotine | propionaldehyde Details
1–50 of 316 results.