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Chemical Hydrocarbons, Brominated

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Malek AM, et al. (2015). A potential association was found for exposure to ambient air concentrations of suspected neurotoxicant hazardous air pollutants, specifically aromatic solvents, among place of residence in 2002 and 1999 and risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis United States 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. Sexton K, et al. (2007). Our aim was to compare and rank relative health risks of 179 air pollutants in Houston using an evidence-based approach supplemented by the expert judgment of a panel of academic scientists. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | acrylic acid | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | chromium hexavalent ion | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | naphthalene | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States Details Disorders of Environmental Origin | Neoplasms
3. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
4. Schreder ED, et al. (2014). Levels of flame retardants in house dust and a transport pathway from homes to the outdoor environment were investigated in communities near the Columbia River in Washington state. 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | decabromodiphenyl ethane | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate United States dust | waste water, laundry 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | decabromodiphenyl ethane | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
5. Stapleton HM, et al. (2009). We designed this study to identify potential organophosphate flame retardant chemicals currently being used in polyurethane foam in residential and office furniture purchased in the United States. 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate Children | Study subjects United States dust 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate Details
6. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
7. Watkins DJ, et al. (2011). Our research suggests that exposure to pentaBDE (sum of brominated diphenyl ether congeners 28/33, 47, 99, 100, and 153) in the office environment contributes to pentaBDE body burden, with exposure likely linked to polybrominated diphenyl ether residues on hands. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Workers United States dust | handwipe | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
8. Allen JG, et al. (2008). Our study presents the first systematic examination of the variation of polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations in dust within homes and over time. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 United States 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
9. Ward MH, et al. (2014). Northern California Childhood Leukemia Study (NCCLS) We found no association with acute lymphoblastic leukemia for common polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), but we observed positive associations for specific octa and nonaBDEs. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Controls for disease:Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Subjects with disease:Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma United States dust 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
10. Bradman A, et al. (2014). We measured flame retardants in air and dust collected from 40 California early childhood education facilities between May 2010 and May 2011. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Children United States air | dust 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
11. Hertz-Picciotto I, et al. (2011). Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) Children with autism/autism spectrum disorder and developmental delay were similar to typically developing controls for all polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners, but levels were high for all three groups. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Controls for disease:Developmental Disabilities | Subjects with disease:Developmental Disabilities United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
12. Robledo CA, et al. (2015). Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (LIFE) Preconceptional maternal and paternal concentrations of several persistent organic pollutants were associated with statistically significant differences in birth size among offspring. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers | Study subjects United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | developmental growth | head development
13. Adlard B, et al. (2014). Trinational Biomonitoring Study The objective of this paper is to use statistical methods to compare the concentrations of select persistent organic pollutants and metals in the blood of primiparous women from Canada and Mexico after adjusting for covariates. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Pregnant females Canada|Mexico blood | plasma 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Details
14. Forns J, et al. (2016). Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) Within a mixture of 24 toxicants measured in breast milk, p,p'-DDT was the single toxicant associated with behavioral problems at 12 months using different methods for handling numerous correlated exposures. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers Norway milk, human 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Child Behavior Disorders
15. Fängström B, et al. (2005). Although remote from pollution sources, the Faroe Islands show high concentrations of persistent organic pollutants in human milk, particularly polychlorinated biphenyls, but also polybrominated diphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers Faroe Islands milk, human 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
16. Braun JM, et al. (2014). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We used a semi-Bayesian hierarchical regression model to estimate associations between prenatal blood or urine concentrations of 52 suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals and autistic behaviors at 4 and 5 years of age in a prospective birth cohort of 175 mothers and their children. socioeconomic status | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
17. Lunder S, et al. (2010). Our study found consistent elevations in U.S. children's polybrominated diphenyl ether levels relative to their mothers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Children | Mothers United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
18. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
19. Main KM, et al. (2007). Two different proxies were used for prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ethers exposure, and levels in breast milk, but not in placenta, showed an association with congenital cryptorchidism. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers Denmark|Finland milk, human | placenta 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Cryptorchidism
20. Abbasi G, et al. (2016). This study aimed to identify electronic products that contributed to halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) measured in indoor dust and to develop a screening method for identifying HFRs in hard polymer products. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromoethylbenzene | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromotoluene | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | allyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromobenzene | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Canada dust | product wipe 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromoethylbenzene | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromotoluene | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | allyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether | Bromine | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromobenzene | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Details
21. Stapleton HM, et al. (2014). This study represents the first examination of US children's exposure to a suite of flame retardant chemicals in indoor environments. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Children United States dust | handwipe 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
22. Mazdai A, et al. (2003). This is the first report of polybrominated diphenyl ether blood levels in pregnant women and their fetuses from the United States. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 Fetuses | Pregnant females United States blood, cord | serum 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 Details
23. Herbstman JB, et al. (2008). Prenatal polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and poly-brominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposures were associated with reduced total thyroxine and free thyroxine levels among infants born by spontaneous, unassisted vaginal delivery. Intrapartum stress associated with delivery mode may mask hormonal effects of PCBs and PBDEs. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine Infants or newborns United States blood | blood, cord 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
24. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
25. Dallaire R, et al. (2009). Exposure to several polyhalogenated compounds was associated with modifications of the thyroid parameters in adult Inuit, mainly by reducing total triiodothyronine and thyroxine-binding globulin circulating concentrations. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Study subjects Canada blood | plasma | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | SERPINA7 | Thyroxine | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion | thyroid hormone metabolic process
26. Sjödin A, et al. (2004). The aim of the present inventory was to determine the levels of PBDEs (n = 6), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (BB-153), and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB-153) in archived serum samples collected over 1985-2002 in order to assess the concentration change over time in serum for the target analytes. 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,6'-hexabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | pentabromodiphenyl ether Study subjects United States serum 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether Details
27. Rawn DF, et al. (2014). Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) Pooling of surplus serum from individual samples, collected between 2007 and 2009 during Cycle 1 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS), was performed to develop a national baseline estimate of brominated flame retardants in Canadians. 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polybrominated Biphenyls Children | Study subjects Canada serum 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polybrominated Biphenyls Details
28. Wada Y, et al. (2005). Secular trends and geographical variations in the dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyls ethers (PBDEs) using archived samples from the early 1980s and mid 1990s in Japan 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether Study subjects Japan 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether Details
29. Dao T, et al. (2015). Boston Birth Cohort (BBC) Our results suggested that maternal PBDE47 exposure altered CpG site specific DNA methylation at the TNF-alpha promoter, which may contribute to the aberrant TNF-alpha gene expression in the offspring. sex 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States blood, cord | serum 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details DNA methylation | gene expression
30. Herbstman JB, et al. (2010). This epidemiologic study demonstrates neurodevelopmental effects in relation to cord blood polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations. 2,2',4,4',5,6'-hexabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether Infants or newborns United States blood, cord 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | PBB 153 | pentabromodiphenyl ether Details Intellectual Disability | Psychomotor Disorders | cognition
31. Turyk ME, et al. (2010). Great Lakes Fish Consumption Study In this investigation of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) body burdens in repeated serum samples from a cohort of Great Lakes residents, we noted increasing geometric mean levels of PBDE and BDE congeners between 1994-1995 and 2001-2003 and 1994-1995 and 2004-2005, but not from 2001-2003 to 2004-2005. sex 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Study subjects United States serum 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
32. Eggesbø M, et al. (2011). Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) The present study did not find any associations between the levels of brominated flame retardants measured in human milk and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in newborns. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 Infants or newborns | Mothers Norway milk, human 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 Details thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion
33. Thomsen C, et al. (2010). Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) The aim of this study was to measure the current levels of brominated flame retardants in Norwegian breast milk and investigate how they vary with diet, county, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. age 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polybrominated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Mothers Norway milk, human 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polybrominated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
34. Hoffman K, et al. (2015). To investigate relationships between the home environment and internal exposure, we assessed associations between two organophosphate flame retardants, tris(1,3-dichloropropyl) phosphate and triphenyl phosphate, in paired hand wipe and dust samples and concentrations of their metabolites in urine samples. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Study subjects United States dust | handwipe | urine 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Details
35. Toms LM, et al. (2009). The aim of this study was to conduct an integrated assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers exposure and human body burden using 10 matched samples of human milk, indoor air and dust collected in 2007-2008 in Brisbane, Australia. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polybrominated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Mothers Australia air | air, indoor | dust | dust, house | milk, human 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polybrominated Biphenyls Details
36. Turyk ME, et al. (2008). Consortium for the health assessment of Great Lakes sport fish consumption Polychlorinated biphenyls exposure, at levels comparable with those of the general U.S. population, was associated with increased thyroglobulin antibodies and increased T(4) in adult males. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | SERPINA7 | Testosterone | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine | Triiodothyronine Details immunoglobulin production | testosterone biosynthetic process | thyroid hormone metabolic process
37. Zota AR, et al. (2008). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This is the first study to examine regional variations in polybrominated diphenyl ethers levels in household dust and serum within the U.S. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Study subjects United States dust | serum 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
38. Marchitti SA, et al. (2017). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | US Environmental Protection Agency Methods Advancement for Milk Analysis (US EPA MAMA) We present concentrations and partitioning ratios of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in milk and serum from women; modeled predictions of milk PBDE concentrations using serum concentrations appear to be a valid method for estimating PBDE exposure in U.S. infants. diet 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 Infants or newborns | Mothers United States milk, human | serum 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
39. Makey CM, et al. (2016). Our findings suggest that polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure might decrease the binding of thyroxine (T4) to serum T4 binding proteins. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Workers United States serum | urine 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Iodine | Lipids | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
40. Miranda ML, et al. (2015). Children's Environmental Health Initiative Healthy Pregnancy, Healthy Baby Our data suggest a potential association between maternal polybrominated diphenyl ether levels and decreased infant head circumference (however, this association was attenuated after control for maternal risk factors); confirmatory studies are needed in larger sample sizes, and a mediating role of thyroid hormones was not apparent. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Polybrominated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,6-tribromophenol | 6-OH-BDE-47 | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
41. Hoffman K, et al. (2016). Pregnancy Infection and Nutrition (PIN) Study We prospectively investigate the association between early-life exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers through breast milk and early childhood weight-for age, height-for-age, and weight-for-height in a cohort of central North Carolina children. sex 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers United States milk, human 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details regulation of developmental growth
42. Li Q, et al. (2015). National Children's Study (NCS) This is the first birth cohort study linking environmental pollutants and placental expression of microRNA; our results suggest that placental microRNA profiles may signal in utero exposures to environmental chemicals. 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns United States placenta 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | MIR10A | MIR146A | MIR151A | MIR1537 | MIR188 | MIR190B | MIR193B | MIR423 | MIR431 | MIR520D | MIR651 | MIR96 | MIRLET7B | MIRLET7C | MIRLET7D | MIRLET7G | MIRLET7I | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
43. Goldner WS, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These data support a role of organochlorines, in addition to fungicides, in the etiology of thyroid disease among female spouses enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlordan | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | Fungicides, Industrial | glyphosate | Heptachlor | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Insecticides | Lindane | Malathion | mancozeb | Maneb | metalaxyl | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Petroleum | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
44. Beard JD, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study supports a positive association between pesticide exposure and depression, including associations with several specific pesticides. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | aluminum phosphide | Diazinon | Dieldrin | Ethylene Dibromide | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | Parathion | Pesticides Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
45. Kamel F, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase Parkinson's disease risk. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Benomyl | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | Dicamba | Ethylene Dibromide | Lindane | mancozeb | Maneb | methyl bromide | Paraquat | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Phorate | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Parkinson Disease
46. Koutros S, et al. (2011). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated pesticide-single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) interactions between 45 pesticides and 1913 xenobiotic metabolic enzyme SNPs with respect to prostrate cancer among 776 cases and 1444 controls in the Agricultural Health Study. genetics 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Diazinon | Dieldrin | Fonofos | Lindane | methyl bromide | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos Subjects with gene influence:GCLC | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
47. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
48. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
49. Andreotti G, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using data from the Agricultural Health Study, we examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cancer at 17 sites and the interaction between BMI and pesticide use. body mass index | tobacco alachlor | Atrazine | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Malathion | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Permethrin | terbufos | Trifluralin Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Breast Neoplasms | Colonic Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
50. Valcin M, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Pesticides as well as grain and dust exposures were associated with chronic bronchitis among nonsmoking farm women. Asbestos | cyanazine | DDT | Dichlorvos | Gasoline | methyl bromide | Paraquat | Solvents Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
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