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Chemical Ketones

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–32 of 32 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Vermeulen R, et al. (2004). Benzene and toluene exposures were determined in part by the degree of contact with glues, the benzene and toluene content of each glue, air movement and ventilation patterns. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | Acetone | Benzene | chlorobenzene | ethyl acetate | ethylbenzene | ethylene dichloride | Heptanes | Hexanes | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | octane | pentane | Toluene Workers China air, indoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | Acetone | Benzene | chlorobenzene | ethyl acetate | ethylbenzene | ethylene dichloride | Heptanes | Hexanes | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | octane | pentane | Toluene Details
2. Svedberg UR, et al. (2004). High levels of hexanal and carbon monoxide were strongly associated with storage of wood pellets and may constitute an occupational and domestic health hazard. 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Study subjects Sweden air 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Details
3. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
4. Allen JG, et al. (2016). Our findings confirm the presence of diacetyl and other flavoring chemicals in flavored e-cigarettes. 2,3-pentanedione | Acetoin | Diacetyl United States e-cigarette 2,3-pentanedione | Acetoin | Diacetyl Details Bronchiolitis Obliterans
5. LaRocca J, et al. (2015). Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort (HEBC) These results suggest that prenatal phenol and phthalate exposure is associated with altered microRNA expression in placenta, suggesting a potential mechanism of endocrine-disrupting chemicals toxicity in humans. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids | propylparaben | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States placenta | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | MIR142 | MIR15A | MIR185 | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
6. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
7. Elliott L, et al. (2006). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Exposure to 1,4-dichlorobenzene (a volatile organic compound related to the use of air fresheners, toilet bowl deodorants, and mothballs) at levels found in the US general population, may result in reduced pulmonary function. 4-dichlorobenzene | Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Acetone | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methylethyl ketone | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details PULMONARY FUNCTION
8. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
9. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
10. Wang L, et al. (2013). In this study, organic corrosion inhibitors (benzotriazole, benzothiazole, and benzophenone) were determined in indoor dust for the first time; daily intake through dust ingestion was higher for people in the US, Japan, and Korea than in China. benzophenone | benzothiazole | benzotriazole Children | Study subjects China|Japan|
Korea, Republic of|United States
dust, indoor benzophenone | benzothiazole | benzotriazole Details
11. Carwile JL, et al. (2009). Despite within-person variability resulting from other sources of BPA exposure, a measurable increase in urinary BPA resulted from only 1 week of exposure to beverages contained in polycarbonate bottles. bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
12. Calafat AM, et al. (2009). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this follow-up study of premature infants receiving care in two neonatal intensive care units, we found moderate to strong institution-adjusted correlations between urinary concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and the metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), indicating that BPA and DEHP may share common exposure sources. bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Children | Infants or newborns | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
13. Scinicariello F, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We examined the association of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), triclosan (TCS), and parabens with serum total testosterone (TT) levels in child and adolescent participants (ages 6-19 years) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012. sex bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Parabens | Triclosan Children United States serum | urine bisphenol A | Cotinine | Creatinine | oxybenzone | Parabens | Testosterone | Triclosan Details testosterone biosynthetic process
14. You L, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urinary excretion of triclosan, and possibly bisphenol A, decreased with decreasing renal function. bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details renal system process
15. Lo SH, et al. (2006). The acute transient hematologic effects observed in residents exposed to fire extinguisher gas were most likely caused by a small amount of pyrolytic products, probably phosgene; nine months after the exposure, there was a significant improvement without any specific treatment. bromochlorodifluoromethane | bromotrifluoromethane | dichlorodifluoromethane | Phosgene Study subjects Taiwan, Province of China Details Hemolysis | erythrocyte homeostasis
16. Harley KG, et al. (2016). Health and Environmental Research on Makeup of Salinas Adolescents (HERMOSA) Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study demonstrates that techniques available to consumers, such as choosing personal care products that are labelled to be free of phthalates, parabens, triclosan, and benzophenone-3, can reduce personal exposure to possible endocrine disrupting chemicals. butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Children United States urine butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
17. Philippat C, et al. (2013). Study of Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental Health (SARAEH) Amniotic fluid detection frequencies for most phenols were low; the reproducibility of urine measures was poor for bisphenol A, but good for the other phenols; collecting multiple urine samples during pregnancy is an option to reduce exposure measurement error. Creatinine | Phenols Pregnant females United States amniotic fluid | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Creatinine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
18. Schlumpf M, et al. (2010). We present data on chemicals in human milk of 54 mother/child pairs, where for the first time cosmetic UV filters (sunscreens), synthetic musks, parabens, and phthalate metabolites were analyzed in the same sample along with persistent organochlor pollutants, polybrominated diphenylethers, and polychlorinated biphenyls. diet Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | Parabens | Perfume | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sunscreening Agents Infants or newborns | Mothers Switzerland milk, human 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | acetyl methyl tetramethyl tetralin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | chlorpyrifos-ethyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | enzacamene | ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | galaxolide | Heptachlor | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | homosalate | Lindane | methylparaben | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | musk ketone | musk xylene | nonachlor | octocrylene | octyl dimethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid | o,p'-DDT | oxybenzone | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | phantolid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | propylparaben | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
19. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
20. Teitelbaum SL, et al. (2008). We evaluated intraindividual temporal variability in 19 urinary biomarkers of endocrine disrupters (eight phthalate metabolites from six phthalate diesters, six phytoestrogens, and five phenols) among New York City minority children. Endocrine Disruptors Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butane-1,4-diol | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Equol | Genistein | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | O-desmethylangolensin | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details
21. Shih TS, et al. (2004). This paper presents a field evaluation of a passive badge for measuring 2-ethoxyethyl acetate (2-EEAc) in a humid working environment. ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate | methyl isobutyl ketone | Toluene Workers China air ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate | methyl isobutyl ketone | Toluene Details
22. Philippat C, et al. (2014). EDEN Our study suggested associations between prenatal exposure to parabens and triclosan and prenatal or early postnatal growth; however, we relied on only one spot urine sample to assess exposure, and because of the high variability in phenol urinary concentrations reported during pregnancy, using only one sample may result in exposure misclassification (in particular for bisphenol A). methylparaben | Phenols | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
23. Buckley JP, et al. (2016). Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Although we did not observe strong evidence that prenatal environmental phenol exposures influence the development of childhood adiposity, the potential antiadipogenic effect of benzophenone-3 (oxybenzone) in girls may warrant further investigation. sex oxybenzone | Phenols Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details adipose tissue development
24. Meeker JD, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) We found positive associations in pregnant women in Puerto Rico between biomarker concentrations with self-reported use of liquid soap (triclosan), sunscreen (benzophenone-3), lotion (benzophenone-3 and parabens), and cosmetics (parabens); our results can inform future epidemiology studies and strategies to reduce exposure to these chemicals or their precursors. Parabens | Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects Puerto Rico|United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
25. Tefre de Renzy-Martin K, et al. (2014). Odense Child Cohort We found detectable levels of phthalate metabolites, parabens, and phenols in almost all pregnant women, suggesting combined multiple exposures; our results raise concern, as current toxicological risk assessments in humans do not take into account simultaneous exposure, and the true cumulative risk for the fetus may be underestimated Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
26. Frederiksen H, et al. (2014). Copenhagen Mother-Child Cohort | Copenhagen Puberty Study | Odense Child Cohort Our study shows that nearly all Danes were exposed to the six most common phthalates, three phenols, and at least two of the parabens; the exposure to other non-persistent chemicals was also widespread. Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
27. Mortensen ME, et al. (2014). National Children's Study (NCS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We report urinary concentrations of environmental phenols in pregnant women in a pilot study of the National Children's Study, and (comparing these results to those from NHANES studies) find that race/ethnicity and geographic location determined urinary concentrations of most phenols, except bisphenol A. race Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
28. Wolff MS, et al. (2015). Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Project (BCERP) We estimated relative risk of age at puberty associated with phenol exposures among girls when they were 6-8 years old and followed annually for 7 years; girls experienced breast development 5-6 months later (for enterolactone and benzophenone-3) or 4-9 months sooner (for triclosan and 2,5-dichlorophenol). sex Phenols Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Genistein | oxybenzone | Parabens | Triclosan Details thelarche
29. Casas L, et al. (2011). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Phthalate and phenol exposures are prevalent in a group of pregnant women and young children, two susceptible populations, and these exposures might be positively related to social class. socioeconomic status Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
30. Philippat C, et al. (2012). EDEN | PELAGIE We observed evidence of an inverse association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and a positive association of benzophenone-3 with male birth weight. sex Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
31. Wolff MS, et al. (2008). Children's Environmental Health Study We observed a range of phthalate and phenol exposures during pregnancy, but few were associated with birth size; the association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and benzophenone-3 with reduced or increased birth weight could be important in very early or small-size births. Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details Birth Weight
32. Yorifuji T, et al. (2012). In the present study, it was demonstrated that volatile organic compounds were higher in the vicinity of the factory, and even the concentration of total volatile organic compounds in the residential area exceeded 200 micrograms per cubic meter. Furthermore, the prevalence of mucocutaneous and respiratory symptoms was highest among the residents in the closest area to the factory. Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects Japan air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-ethyltoluene | Benzene | decane | ethyl acetate | ethylbenzene | Heptanes | methyl isobutyl ketone | n-dodecane | nonane | octane | pseudocumene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | tridecane | undecane | Volatile Organic Compounds | Xylenes Details Lung Diseases
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