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Chemical Metals, Alkali

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
2. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
3. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
4. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
5. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
6. Morton J, et al. (2014). We report 95th percentiles of 61 elements in urine samples from occupationally unexposed UK adults. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Study subjects United Kingdom urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
7. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
8. Concha G, et al. (2010). We analyzed numerous elements in drinking water collected in Andes villages (Argentina), and in urine of the inhabitants; besides confirmation of elevated arsenic concentrations in the drinking water, we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium, cesium, rubidium, and boron, and similarly elevated concentrations were found in urine of women. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects Argentina urine | water, drinking | water, tap Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
9. Feng W, et al. (2015). In the current study, we found that multiple metals in urine are associated with fasting plasma glucose, impaired fasting glucose or diabetes risk among a general Chinese population. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Controls for disease:Glucose Intolerance | Subjects with disease:Glucose Intolerance China urine Details Diabetes Mellitus | Glucose Intolerance | glucose metabolic process
10. Vinceti M, et al. (2010). Based on these results, coupled with other epidemiologic data and with findings from animal studies that show specific toxicity of the trace element on motor neurons, we hypothesize that dietary intake of inorganic selenium through drinking water increases the risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. diet Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Manganese | Selenic Acid | Zinc Study subjects Italy water, well Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Manganese | Selenic Acid | Zinc Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
11. Hou L, et al. (2014). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) In this study, we evaluated the effects of PM elemental components on methylation of three tandem repeats in a highly-exposed population in Beijing, China. Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Workers China Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Details methylation
12. Zhou J, et al. (2011). The Particulate Matter (PM2.5) components and gaseous pollutants associated with mortality in Detroit were most associated with warm season secondary aerosols and traffic markers. In Seattle, the component species most closely associated with mortality included those for cold season traffic and other combustion sources, such as residual oil and wood burning. Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc United States air Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
13. Dai L, et al. (2016). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Our study suggested that exposure to ambient nickel was associated with increased blood pressure independent of particulate matter <=2.5 microns mass in our study population of elderly men. Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Veterans United States Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details regulation of blood pressure
14. Shao W, et al. (2017). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The present study demonstrated that barium might increase the occurrence of obesity, but cadmium, cobalt, and lead caused weight loss among children. The results imply that trace heavy metals may represent critical risk factors for the development of obesity, especially in the area that the state of metal contamination is serious. Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten Children | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Overweight United States urine Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten Details Obesity
15. Menke A, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher quartiles of barium, molybdenum, and antimony were associated with greater HOMA of insulin resistance after adjustment; molybdenum, antimony, tungsten, and uranium were positively associated with diabetes, even at the relatively low levels seen in the US. Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Study subjects United States urine Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Details Diabetes Mellitus | Insulin Resistance
16. Hansen AF, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey Our results suggest a possible role of bromine, cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, silver and zinc in the development of type 2 diabetes. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
17. Simić A, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey This study suggests an association between prevalent type 2 diabetes and blood levels of boron, calcium, indium, lead, magnesium and silver. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
18. Igra AM, et al. (2016). We found that serum boron concentrations were inversely associated with birth size (length and weight), and the impact of boron appeared stronger when restricted to the third trimester, when the serum boron concentrations were the highest. Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
19. Hossain MB, et al. (2012). Environmental cadmium exposure was associated with DNA hypomethylation in peripheral blood, and DNMT1 genotypes modified this association. genetics Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lithium | Selenium | Zinc Subjects with gene influence:DNMT1 | Study subjects Argentina blood | urine Arsenicals | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lithium | Selenium | Zinc Details DNA methylation
20. Broberg K, et al. (2011). Exposure to lithium via drinking water and other environmental sources may affect thyroid function, consistent with known side effects of medical treatment with lithium. diet Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Dextrothyroxine | Iodine | Lithium | Selenium Study subjects Argentina plasma | urine Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Dextrothyroxine | Iodine | Lithium | Selenium Details
21. Harari F, et al. (2015). Lithium exposure through drinking water was associated with impaired fetal size and this seemed to be initiated in early gestation. Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
22. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
23. Harari F, et al. (2015). The study reports that lithium exposure and cesium exposure through drinking water may impair thyroid function; impaired thyroid function during pregnancy may be detrimental for fetal development. diet Arsenic | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Cesium | Lithium | Triiodothyronine | TSHB | TTR Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
24. Rubio-Arias H, et al. (2010). This paper reports the results of some metal levels in waters flowing in six tributaries of the Conchos River in Chihuahua, Mexico over a two year period. Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Mexico water Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Details
25. Padilla MA, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study utilized the NHANES 1999-2002 data to explore the association between waist circumference and body mass index with the body burdens of selected toxic metals (barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten). Some of the associations were significant direct relationships (barium and thallium), and some of the associations were significant inverse relationships (cadmium, cobalt, cesium, and lead). body mass index Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Study subjects United States Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Details Obesity
26. Zhang H, et al. (2017). Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: a Longitudinal (REACTION) Study Serum magnesium levels are decreased and serum copper, zinc and selenium levels are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus China serum Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
27. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
28. Park SB, et al. (2009). We investigated possible relationships between minerals and metabolic syndrome; the hair tissue contents of calcium, magnesium, and copper in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly lower than those of controls, whereas the amounts of sodium, potassium, and mercury in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly higher. Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Study subjects Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Details Metabolic Syndrome
29. Janssen NA, et al. (2005). The findings of this study provide support for using fixed site measurements as a measure of exposure to particulate matter in time series studies linking the day to day variation in particulate matter to the day to day variation in health endpoints, especially for components of particulate matter that are generally associated with fine particles and have few indoor sources. Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases Finland|Netherlands air Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
30. Lee EY, et al. (2015). Welders with higher manganese exposure showed significantly higher MRI relaxation rate compared either with controls or with welders with lower exposure; moreover, the nonlinear relationship between welding exposure and manganese brain accumulation should be considered in future studies and policies. Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Potassium Workers United States blood Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Potassium Details
31. Pedersen M, et al. (2016). Transport-related Air Pollution and Health impacts-Integrated Methodologies for Assessing Particulate Matter (TRANSPHORM) Sulfur in both particulate matter <= 2.5 and <= 10 microns (PM2.5 and PM10) and nickel in PM2.5 were associated with an increased risk of term low birth weight, reduced birth weight, and smaller birth head circumference. Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark|Germany|
Italy|Lithuania|
Netherlands|Spain|
Sweden
Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
32. Blaurock-Busch E, et al. (2011). We assessed a spectrum of trace elements and heavy metals in hair and urine of both autistic and control groups to focus on the participants' past and present exposure. Elements | Metals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Saudi Arabia hair | urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Germanium | Iodine | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Palladium | Platinum | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
33. Park HS, et al. (2007). Hair samples of children from metropolitan and small cities in Korea were analyzed for 23 trace elements with the aim of assessing reference values; there was no significant difference in levels between metropolitan and small cities, but there were positive correlations between age and levels of zinc, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, manganese, lithium, and negative correlations for chromium, vanadium, and uranium. age Elements | Minerals Children Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Bismuth | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
34. Harari F, et al. (2016). Our study suggests that lithium exposure through drinking water during pregnancy may impair the calcium homeostasis (particularly vitamin D): blood lithium was inversely associated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, positively associated with serum magnesium, and inversely associated with urinary calcium and magnesium. diet Lithium Pregnant females | Study subjects Argentina blood | plasma | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Calcifediol | Calcium | Cesium | Lithium | Magnesium | Phosphorus Details calcium ion homeostasis
35. Liu B, et al. (2016). Our results indicated that the urinary copper and zinc levels were positively associated with the risk of diabetes and hyperglycemia among coke oven workers; urinary manganese, barium, and lead levels were also associated with increased risk of hyperglycemia. Metals | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hyperglycemia | Subjects with disease:Hyperglycemia | Workers China urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hyperglycemia
36. Yard E, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We conducted a cross-sectional study of residents living near the Akaki River in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia); this river contains elevated levels of several metals, but most of the exposures we found seem unlikely to cause acute health effects based on known toxic thresholds (however, toxicity data for many of these metals are very limited). Metals | Water Pollutants, Chemical Study subjects Ethiopia|United States blood | urine | water, drinking Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Iodine | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Selenium | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Details
37. Al-Farsi YM, et al. (2013). This study documents the levels of heavy metals and essential minerals in hair samples of children with autism spectrum disorders in Muscat (Oman), and corroborates previous studies in different parts of the world indicating the presence of elevated levels of heavy metals and selective depletion of essential minerals in the hair of children with autism spectrum disorders. disease Metals, Heavy | Minerals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Oman hair Aluminum | Barium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Phosphorus | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
38. Stepanova E, et al. (2008). More than 10 years after the Chernobyl accident, children in the Narodichesky region, Ukraine, approximately 80 km from Chernobyl, showed decreased counts for red and white blood cells and platelets, and a reduced concentration of hemoglobin associated with persistent residential 137Caesium exposure. Soil Pollutants, Radioactive Children Ukraine soil Cesium Details hemopoiesis
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