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Chemical Methyl Ethers

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–11 of 11 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2018). Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) Some air toxics were associated with autism spectrum disorder risk and severity, including some traffic-related air pollutants and newly-reported associations, but other previously reported associations with metals and volatile organic compounds were not reproducible. 1,4-dioxane | 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate | 4-dichlorobenzene | benzidine | bromoform | Carbon Disulfide | chlorobenzene | Dibenzofurans | methyl tert-butyl ether | propionaldehyde | Urethane Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
2. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
3. Cicalese L, et al. (2017). In our study, we showed that selected relevant air pollutants produce a significant clustering of the Texan counties with respect to their concentration and discussed about the incidence rate distributions of liver cancer over the identified clusters. 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | Benzene | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Hexanes | Hydrochloric Acid | Methanol | methyl tert-butyl ether | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Details Liver Neoplasms
4. Liu J, et al. (2009). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In summary, the study supports that personal exposures to certain volatile organic compounds as a group or individually may have an effect on liver function in the general population. 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details
5. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
6. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
7. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
8. Payne-Sturges DC, et al. (2004). The present study provides an evaluation of Assessment System for Population Exposure Nationwide (ASPEN) based on measurements of air toxic levels indoors, outdoors, and on individuals. Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
9. Wang W, et al. (2016). In this study, the occurrence of six synthetic phenolic antioxidants including butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and deriviatives was examined in 63 dental sealant products available in the US (with some manufactured in foreign countries); the estimated daily intake of BHT from dental sealants was several orders of magnitude lower than the current acceptable daily intake. Butylated Hydroxyanisole | Butylated Hydroxytoluene Children | Study subjects Greece|Korea, Republic of|
Liechtenstein|United States
dental sealant 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-benzoquinone | 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one | 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole | 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde | 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid | Butylated Hydroxytoluene Details
10. Rodil R, et al. (2010). We determined the concentrations of two synthetic phenolic antioxidants and their main metabolites in water, and show that BHT and BHT-Q are the highest in waste water and that the metabolites BHT-CHO and BHT-COOH are the most resistant to water treatment in sewage and river samples. Butylated Hydroxyanisole | Butylated Hydroxytoluene | Waste Water Spain water, river | water, waste 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-benzoquinone | 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one | 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde | 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid | Butylated Hydroxyanisole | Butylated Hydroxytoluene Details
11. Kirman CR, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) For the small number of volatile organic chemicals with detectable blood concentrations in the NHANES data set, the potential for deleterious non-cancer effects appears low but is affected by the smoking status of the participants. tobacco Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details
1–11 of 11 results.