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Chemical Nickel

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 62 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Malek AM, et al. (2015). A potential association was found for exposure to ambient air concentrations of suspected neurotoxicant hazardous air pollutants, specifically aromatic solvents, among place of residence in 2002 and 1999 and risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Study subjects United States 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
3. Adlard B, et al. (2014). Trinational Biomonitoring Study The objective of this paper is to use statistical methods to compare the concentrations of select persistent organic pollutants and metals in the blood of primiparous women from Canada and Mexico after adjusting for covariates. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Pregnant females Canada|Mexico blood | plasma 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Details
4. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
5. Gagnon F, et al. (2004). A survey was carried out on 162 recreational harvesters, and shellfish were sampled for chemical contaminant analysis. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Workers Canada 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Details
6. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2014). Our findings are consistent with the idea that substituting tobacco cigarettes with electronic cigarettes may substantially reduce exposure to selected tobacco-specific toxicants. tobacco 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Poland e-cigarette, vapor 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Details
7. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
8. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
9. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
10. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
11. Delfino RJ, et al. (2010). Traffic emission sources of organic chemicals represented by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with increased systemic inflammation and explain associations with quasi-ultrafine particle mass. Air Pollutants | hopane | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air, outdoor | plasma Alkanes | Chromium | Copper | hopane | IL6 | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | TNFRSF1B | Vanadium | Zinc Details
12. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
13. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
14. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
15. Cantone L, et al. (2011). Our results indicate histone modifications as a novel epigenetic mechanism induced in human subjects by long-term occupational exposure to inhalable nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants, Occupational Workers Italy air Aluminum | Arsenic | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Zinc Details histone H3-K4 dimethylation | positive regulation of histone H3-K9 acetylation
16. Morton J, et al. (2014). We report 95th percentiles of 61 elements in urine samples from occupationally unexposed UK adults. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Study subjects United Kingdom urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
17. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
18. Feng W, et al. (2015). In the current study, we found that multiple metals in urine are associated with fasting plasma glucose, impaired fasting glucose or diabetes risk among a general Chinese population. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects China urine Details Diabetes Mellitus | Glucose Intolerance | glucose metabolic process
19. Yuan Y, et al. (2017). Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ) Cohort Our study suggested that incident coronary heart disease was positively associated with plasma levels of titanium and arsenic, and inversely associated with selenium. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Controls for disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Study subjects | Workers China plasma Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Coronary Disease
20. Olmedo P, et al. (2018). Our findings indicate that e-cigarettes are a potential source of exposure to toxic metals (Cr, Ni, and Pb), and to metals that are toxic when inhaled (Mn and Zn). Markedly higher concentrations in the aerosol and tank samples versus the dispenser demonstrate that coil contact induced e-liquid contamination. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Tin | Zinc Study subjects United States e-cigarette, liquid | e-cigarette, vapor Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Tin | Zinc Details
21. Arnich N, et al. (2012). Total Diet Study (TDS) Dietary exposure of the French population to trace elements has been assessed in the second national Total Diet Study (TDS). diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Lead | Mercury | Nickel Children | Study subjects France Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Lead | Mercury | Nickel Details
22. Rango T, et al. (2015). This study explored the concentrations of inorganic contaminants in drinking water sources from chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) endemic and nonendemic areas, and we were unable to establish a clear link between nephrotoxic contaminant levels and the presence of CKDu. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Controls for disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Subjects with disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Study subjects Sri Lanka urine Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Details
23. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
24. Al-Sabbak M, et al. (2012). Our data suggested that birth defects in the Iraqi cities of Al Basrah and Fallujah are mainly folate-dependent. This knowledge offers possible treatment options and remediation plans for at-risk Iraqi populations. Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Study subjects Brazil|Canada|
Ethiopia|India|
Iraq|Mexico|
Norway|Pakistan|
Poland|Spain|
Turkey|United States
hair | nail | tooth Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
25. Zhou J, et al. (2011). The Particulate Matter (PM2.5) components and gaseous pollutants associated with mortality in Detroit were most associated with warm season secondary aerosols and traffic markers. In Seattle, the component species most closely associated with mortality included those for cold season traffic and other combustion sources, such as residual oil and wood burning. Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc United States air Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
26. Dai L, et al. (2016). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Our study suggested that exposure to ambient nickel was associated with increased blood pressure independent of particulate matter <=2.5 microns mass in our study population of elderly men. Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Veterans United States Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details regulation of blood pressure
27. Julander A, et al. (2014). Therefore, the main objective of this study was to characterize metal exposure in e-waste recycling workers in Sweden by measuring concentrations in both air samples and exposure biomarkers. Antimony | Arsenic | Beryllium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Indium | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Platinum | Thallium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Zinc Workers Sweden blood | plasma | urine Antimony | Arsenic | Beryllium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Indium | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Platinum | Thallium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Zinc Details
28. Chanpiwat P, et al. (2015). Chemical analyses of various metal concentrations (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Ba, and Pb) in hair, nails, and urine of Cambodians in arsenic-contaminated areas who consumed groundwater daily showed elevated levels in these biomarkers for most metals of toxicological interest. diet Arsenic | Barium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Zinc Study subjects Cambodia hair | nail | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Barium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Zinc Details
29. Harrison RM, et al. (2004). American Cancer Society Study While many uncertainties remain, it appears plausible that known chemical carcinogens are responsible for the lung cancers attributed to particulate matter 2.5 exposure in the extended American Cancer Society Cohort Study. Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Study subjects United States Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Details Lung Neoplasms
30. Hansen AF, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey Our results suggest a possible role of bromine, cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, silver and zinc in the development of type 2 diabetes. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
31. Simić A, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey This study suggests an association between prevalent type 2 diabetes and blood levels of boron, calcium, indium, lead, magnesium and silver. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
32. Lai HY, et al. (2010). The soil analytical results showed that the average concentrations of chromium, copper, nickel, lead, and zinc were over the Soil Control Standards for non-farmlands in Taiwan. Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | Zinc China soil Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | Zinc Details
33. Nyanza EC, et al. (2014). Pregnant women who eat soil (pica, a common cultural practice in Tanzania) are exposed to potentially high levels of chemical elements, depending upon frequency of consumption, daily amount consumed, and the source location of soil eaten. diet Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Manganese | Mercury | Soil | Zinc Subjects with disease:Pica | Pregnant females | Study subjects Tanzania, United Republic of|United States soil Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Nickel | Zinc Details
34. Pizzino G, et al. (2014). Continuous exposure at relatively low concentrations of heavy metals is associated with increased oxidative DNA damage and impaired expression of DNA repair and detoxification genes in adolescents. Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Mercury | Nickel | Vanadium Children Italy urine Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Mercury | Nickel | Vanadium Details detection of oxidative stress | gene expression
35. Wang YX, et al. (2016). The high variability observed in the urinary levels of arsenic, cobalt, copper, lead, molybdenum, and nickel suggests that a single measurement provides only a brief snapshot in time of the exposure levels of an individual, which can result in a moderate degree of exposure misclassification. Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Copper | Lead | Molybdenum | Nickel Study subjects China urine Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Copper | Lead | Molybdenum | Nickel Details
36. Yang A, et al. (2017). Jinchang Cohort Study Multiple urinary metals, particularly arsenic, nickel, zinc, and cobalt, were associated with elevated blood glucose among Chinese occupational workers, supporting the notion that metal exposure plays a critical role in the development of diabetes. Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Copper | Nickel | Zinc Controls for phenotype:glucose homeostasis | Subjects with phenotype:glucose homeostasis China urine Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Copper | Nickel | Zinc Details glucose homeostasis
37. Parizanganeh A, et al. (2014). Soil samples collected from the studied area (near a national lead and zinc company) showed that the Dizajabaad village (northwest Iran) and its surrounding areas are polluted by heavy metals, notably with lead, zinc and cadmium, and these contaminants could be measured in humans using fingernail samples. Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Nickel | Zinc Study subjects Iran, Islamic Republic of nail, finger | plant leaf | soil Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Nickel | Zinc Details
38. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
39. Rubio-Arias H, et al. (2010). This paper reports the results of some metal levels in waters flowing in six tributaries of the Conchos River in Chihuahua, Mexico over a two year period. Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Mexico water Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Details
40. Zhang H, et al. (2017). Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: a Longitudinal (REACTION) Study Serum magnesium levels are decreased and serum copper, zinc and selenium levels are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects China serum Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
41. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
42. Bollati V, et al. (2010). Changes in microRNA expression may represent a novel mechanism mediating responses to particulate matter and its metal components. Cadmium | Lead | Particulate Matter Workers Italy air | leukocyte Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Lead | Manganese | MIR146A | MIR21 | MIR222 | Nickel | Particulate Matter Details
43. Janssen NA, et al. (2005). The findings of this study provide support for using fixed site measurements as a measure of exposure to particulate matter in time series studies linking the day to day variation in particulate matter to the day to day variation in health endpoints, especially for components of particulate matter that are generally associated with fine particles and have few indoor sources. Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases Finland|Netherlands air Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
44. Aherrera A, et al. (2017). Positive associations of nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) aerosol concentrations with corresponding Ni and Cr biomarker levels indicate e-cigarette emissions increase metal internal dose. Chromium | Nickel Study subjects United States breath | saliva | urine Chromium | Nickel Details
45. Beattie H, et al. (2017). This study has shown that exposures to chromium and nickel in the electroplating industry occur via a combination of inhalation, dermal, and ingestion routes. Chromium | Nickel Workers United Kingdom air, personal | hand | urine Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | Nickel Details
46. Siripanich S, et al. (2014). Dust and chemicals were major threats in small household incense and joss stick factories in Thailand. Coloring Agents | Dust | Metals, Heavy | Particulate Matter Workers Thailand air, ambient | air, indoor | dye | incense stick Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Dust | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter Details
47. Pedersen M, et al. (2016). Transport-related Air Pollution and Health impacts-Integrated Methodologies for Assessing Particulate Matter (TRANSPHORM) Sulfur in both particulate matter <= 2.5 and <= 10 microns (PM2.5 and PM10) and nickel in PM2.5 were associated with an increased risk of term low birth weight, reduced birth weight, and smaller birth head circumference. Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark|Germany|
Italy|Lithuania|
Netherlands|Spain|
Sweden
Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
48. Orisakwe OE, et al. (2016). The upper limits, target hazard quotient, and daily intake rates were all normal for the Nigerian toothpastes tested, suggesting no potential health risk associated with their use; however, it is important to note the high levels of lead, cobalt, and nickel in some of the commonly used toothpastes, especially in children. Dentifrices Children Nigeria toothpaste Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Lead | Nickel Details
49. Whitehead TP, et al. (2015). California Childhood Leukemia Study Our findings do not support the hypothesis that metals in carpet dust are risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Dust Children | Controls for disease:Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Subjects with disease:Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma United States carpet Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Lead | Nickel | Tin | Tungsten Details Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
50. Senofonte, et al. (2000). Hair samples of school children from several urban areas of Rome (Italy) were analyzed to determine the content of 19 minor and trace elements with the aim of assessing reference values (and these values are compared with data from other countries); significant differences were found for certain elements depending on age and sex. age | sex Elements Children | Study subjects Bulgaria|Canada|
Italy|Japan|
New Zealand|United Kingdom|
United States
hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Phosphorus | Selenium | Strontium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
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