Skip navigation

Chemical Pyrenes

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

Send correction
1–50 of 55 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
2. Aquilina NJ, et al. (2010). Measurement and Modelling of Air Toxic Concentrations for Health Effect Studies Project (MATCH) The objective of this study was to analyse environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites in urine samples of non-occupationally exposed non-smoker adult subjects and to establish relationships between airborne exposures and urinary concentrations in order to assess the suitability of the studied metabolites as biomarkers of PAH and ETS, study the use of 3-ethenypyridine as ETS tracer, and link ETS scenarios with exposures to carcinogenic PAH and volatile organic compounds. tobacco 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Study subjects United Kingdom urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
3. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
4. Fostinelli J, et al. (2018). The present study confirms previous findings of significant exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons among Hot Mix Asphalt workers involved in construction of transportation infrastructures. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-naphthol | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Workers Italy air | urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-naphthol | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
5. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
6. Tonne CC, et al. (2004). In this study, we examined levels of exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and tested for associations with potential predictor variables collected from questionnaires addressing socioeconomic factors and day-to-day activities during pregnancy as well as activities and environmental exposures during the 48-hr monitoring period. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Pregnant females Croatia|France|
Italy|United States
1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
7. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
8. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2018). Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study These findings provide evidence that using combusted tobacco cigarettes alone or in combination with e-cigarettes is associated with higher concentrations of potentially harmful tobacco constituents in comparison with using e-cigarettes alone. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorenes | hydroxycotinine | Isocyanates | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | propylene oxide | Strontium | Styrene | Thallium | Toluene | Uranium | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United States urine 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-methylhippuric acid | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Fluorenes | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-benzyl-N-acetyl-L-cysteine | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium Details
9. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2017). This study showed for the first time that after switching from tobacco to e-cigarettes, nicotine exposure remains unchanged, while exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants is substantially reduced. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Carbon Monoxide | Ethylene Oxide | fluorene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | propylene oxide | pyrene Study subjects Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acetylcysteine | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenanthrene | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
10. Deng Q, et al. (2014). Coke-oven Workers (COW) Cohort We identified five potentially polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-associated miRNAs in plasma, and the same miRNAs were associated with a marker of chromosome damage in coke oven workers, suggesting that miRNAs might be a novel mechanism mediating the effects of PAH exposure on chromosome damage. alcohol drinking 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers China urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details miRNA metabolic process
11. Li J, et al. (2018). Coke-oven Workers (COW) Cohort | Shiyan (SY) Cohort | Wuhan-Zhuhai (WHZH) Cohort Our findings suggest that exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may be associated with an adverse impact on human aging and epigenetic alterations in Chinese populations. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects China urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details aging | DNA methylation
12. Yang B, et al. (2016). Our results indicated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure was associated with plasma cytokines, and higher cytokines were associated with decreased heart rate variability, but additional human and potential mechanistic studies are needed. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers China urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | ALCAM | BDNF | CRP | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Cardiovascular Diseases | gene expression
13. Li Z, et al. (2012). This study aimed to investigate the excretion half-life of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-PYR), the most used biomarker for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure, and 9 other mono-hydroxylated metabolites following a dietary exposure in 9 non-smoking volunteers with no occupational exposure to PAHs. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes Details
14. Barraza-Villarreal A, et al. (2014). Biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure were inversely associated with lung function and decrease of pH of exhaled breath condensate as a marker of airway inflammation in Mexican schoolchildren. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children Mexico urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes Details respiratory system process
15. Zhou Y, et al. (2016). Wuhan-Zhuhai (WHZH) Cohort Total and specific urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons metabolites were associated with lung function reduction in a general Chinese population. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects China urine Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details respiratory system process
16. Tuakuila J, et al. (2013). This study reveals the high pyrene (PAH) exposure of the Kinshasa population requiring the determination of PAH concentrations in ambient air of Kinshasa and limits values for the protection of human health. tobacco 1-hydroxypyrene Study subjects Congo, the Democratic Republic of the urine 1-hydroxypyrene Details
17. Ji G, et al. (2010). Nanjing Medical University Infertile Study These findings provided the first evidence that polymorphisms of XRCC1 may modify sperm Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons-DNA adduct levels and may be useful biomarkers to identify individuals susceptible to DNA damage resulting from PAHs exposure. genetics 1-hydroxypyrene Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male China urine 1-hydroxypyrene Details Infertility, Male
18. Trejo-Acevedo A, et al. (2012). The aim of this study was to evaluate the exposure levels to persistent organic pollutants and 1-hydroxypyrene in children living in an endemic malaria zone in Mexico. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,4',5,5',6-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Aldrin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Mirex | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children Mexico plasma | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,4',5,5',6-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Aldrin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Mirex | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
19. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
20. Johnson NM, et al. (2010). Findings suggest that the incidence and level of aflatoxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure was less than that observed in a high-risk population; however, participants consuming higher amounts of foods prone to aflatoxin contamination may be more vulnerable to exposure and interactions with other environmental/biological factors (i.e., hepatitis C virus). diet 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Details
21. Hofmann JN, et al. (2013). Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS) In this nested case-control study among participants in the Shanghai Women's Health Study, we did not find evidence of an association between urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene glucuronide, an established marker of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure, and risk of colorectal cancer. 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Controls for disease:Colorectal Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Colorectal Neoplasms | Study subjects China urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide Details Colorectal Neoplasms
22. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
23. Jung KH, et al. (2014). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Obese young children may be more likely to develop asthma in association with greater exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and methylphenanthrenes in particular, than non-obese children. body mass index | disease | sex 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Children | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity United States air 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Details Asthma
24. Gagnon F, et al. (2004). A survey was carried out on 162 recreational harvesters, and shellfish were sampled for chemical contaminant analysis. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Workers Canada 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Details
25. Alhamdow A, et al. (2019). In a cross-sectional study, we show that cancer-related proteins in serum are altered in chimney sweep workers occupationally exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 3-hydroxybenz(a)anthracene | 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers Sweden serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 3-hydroxybenz(a)anthracene | 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene | ANXA1 | CEACAM5 | CXCL13 | FADD | GPNMB | IGF1R | ITGB5 | KLK13 | LYN | METAP2 | S100A11 | S100A4 | SCAMP3 | SDC1 | TCL1A | TXLNA | VIM Details
26. Kioumourtzoglou MA, et al. (2013). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Results suggest that week-long exposures to traffic-related, primary organic species are associated with increased rate of total and cause-specific cardiovascular disease emergency hospital admissions. 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive United States air 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Coronary Disease | Myocardial Infarction | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
27. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
28. Wertheim HF, et al. (2012). High levels of urine hydroxy-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were found in Hanoi street workers. No effect was seen on urine levels by wearing R95 particulate respirators in an area of high urban air pollution, except for 1-hydroxynaphthalene. Air Pollutants Workers Vietnam urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol Details
29. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
30. Gong J, et al. (2015). Sampling data for pre-, during-, and post-Olympic time periods in Beijing (China), this study found evidence that 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine (co-assayed) and 1-hydroxypyrene can be used as biomarkers of exposure to general vehicle-emitted pollutants; more data are needed to confirm 1-aminopyrene as a biomarker of diesel combustion emissions. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air, ambient | urine 1-aminopyrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-Naphthylamine | 2-Naphthylamine | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
31. Adetona O, et al. (2017). In this study, we assessed occupational exposure to wildland fire smoke in wildland firefighters by measuring the urinary concentrations of hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; our results suggest that hydroxylated PAHs (especially 4-hydroxyphenanthrene) may be useful biomarkers of wildland fire smoke exposure. Air Pollutants, Occupational | Smoke Workers United States air, ambient | urine 1,6-anhydro-beta-glucopyranose | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | Carbon Monoxide | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
32. Harrison RM, et al. (2004). American Cancer Society Study While many uncertainties remain, it appears plausible that known chemical carcinogens are responsible for the lung cancers attributed to particulate matter 2.5 exposure in the extended American Cancer Society Cohort Study. Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Study subjects United States Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Details Lung Neoplasms
33. Xu L, et al. (2015). This paper focused on the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) from industrial effluent and gaseous emissions, and established a multi-pathway exposure model based on a Level IV multimedia fugacity model to analyze the human health risks in a city that has undergone rapid industrialization. Benzo(a)pyrene China air | sediment | soil | water Benzo(a)pyrene Details
34. Mordukhovich I, et al. (2015). Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP) In our population-based study, we observed positive associations between vehicular traffic-related benzo[a]pyrene exposure and breast cancer incidence among women with comparatively high long-term traffic B[a]P exposures, although effect estimates were imprecise. diet Benzo(a)pyrene Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms | Study subjects United States Benzo(a)pyrene Details Breast Neoplasms
35. Martínez-salinas RI, et al. (2011). This study demonstrates that children in these communities (Chiapas Mexico) were exposed to DDT and its metabolites, and to other contaminants generated by the combustion of firewood. DDT | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children Mexico plasma | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details
36. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
37. Sul D, et al. (2012). Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the Human Body This study is the first nationwide survey of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in Korea and provides a background reference range for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population. Nicotine | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects Korea, Republic of urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-naphthol | Cotinine Details
38. Czoli CD, et al. (2018). The current study examined exposure to nicotine and tobacco smoke constituents among dual users in the context of several product switches in a naturalistic setting. tobacco Nicotine | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Canada breath | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine Details
39. Peters KO, et al. (2017). Center for Childhood Asthma in the Urban Environment (CCAUE) Time spent in non-smoking homes was associated with significantly decreased urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG), and secondhand smoke exposures increased these levels; time spent outdoors was associated with increased urinary 1-OHPG concentrations in boys only; our results suggest that secondhand smoke and ambient outdoor air pollution contribute to internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in inner city children. sex | tobacco Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States air, indoor | urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide | Nicotine | Particulate Matter Details
40. Galaviz VE, et al. (2017). Compared with non-border commuters, border commuters (exposed to traffic-related diesel particulate matter from idling buses during their northbound pedestrian commute across the Mexican-US border at San Ysidro Port of Entry) had two- to threefold higher mean urinary concentrations for unadjusted and creatinine-adjusted 1-nitropyrene metabolites (8-OHNP and 8-OHNAAP). Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects Mexico|United States urine 1-nitropyrene Details
41. Yang Q, et al. (2015). A total of 136 dust samples (88 indoor and 48 outdoor) collected from Guizhou, southwest of China, were analyzed for 18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons China dust 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
42. Sancini A, et al. (2014). Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (a biomarker for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) was measured in non-smoker male workers and was related to an increase in plasma estradiol; we believe that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can interact with the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers Italy plasma | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Estradiol Details
43. Best EA, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our findings are consistent with previous publications and further suggest that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, at least in part, may be responsible for the adverse cognitive effects linked to tobacco smoke and particulate matter air pollution. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details cognition
44. Alshaarawy O, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) A modest association between levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon urinary biomarkers and cardiovascular disease was detected in US adults. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol Details Cardiovascular Diseases
45. Nethery E, et al. (2012). Study to identify polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the urine of pregnant women as biomarkers of exposure in air Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females Canada urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details
46. Jung KH, et al. (2010). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) These findings suggest that at levels encountered in New York City air, especially during the heating season, residential exposure to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may pose an increased risk of cancer and mutation. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Neoplasms
47. St Helen G, et al. (2012). Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites in smokers and nonsmokers, their elimination kinetics in smokers, and the associations between nicotine intake, tobacco biomarkers, and PAH metabolites in smokers were investigated. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Poland|United States urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
48. Polanska K, et al. (2014). Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study This study provides evidence that combined exposure of pregnant women to common environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and environmental tobacco smoke might adversely affect fetal development. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | Phenanthrenes | Pyrenes Details developmental growth
49. Mucha AP, et al. (2006). Environmental Pollutants and Health Status of Children We measured urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in 48 children 3 years of age in Mariupol, Ukraine, who lived near a steel mill and coking facility and compared these with 1-OHP concentrations measured in 42 children of the same age living in the capital city of Kiev, Ukraine. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children Ukraine air | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Benzo(a)pyrene | pyrene Details
50. Yoon HS, et al. (2012). Using the urinary biomarkers 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG), 2-naphthol, and malondialdehyde (MDA), we evaluated seasonal and regional variations in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure and oxidative stress among Korean adults and children. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children | Study subjects Korea, Republic of urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide | 2-naphthol | Malondialdehyde Details
1–50 of 55 results.