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Chemical Pyrenes

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–39 of 39 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
2. Aquilina NJ, et al. (2010). Measurement and Modelling of Air Toxic Concentrations for Health Effect Studies Project (MATCH) The objective of this study was to analyse environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites in urine samples of non-occupationally exposed non-smoker adult subjects and to establish relationships between airborne exposures and urinary concentrations in order to assess the suitability of the studied metabolites as biomarkers of PAH and ETS, study the use of 3-ethenypyridine as ETS tracer, and link ETS scenarios with exposures to carcinogenic PAH and volatile organic compounds. tobacco 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Study subjects United Kingdom urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-vinylpyridine | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | coronene | fluoranthene | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
3. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Controls for disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive | Subjects with disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
4. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Tonne CC, et al. (2004). In this study, we examined levels of exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and tested for associations with potential predictor variables collected from questionnaires addressing socioeconomic factors and day-to-day activities during pregnancy as well as activities and environmental exposures during the 48-hr monitoring period. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Pregnant females Croatia|France|
Italy|United States
1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
6. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
7. Yang B, et al. (2016). Our results indicated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure was associated with plasma cytokines, and higher cytokines were associated with decreased heart rate variability, but additional human and potential mechanistic studies are needed. 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers China urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | ALCAM | BDNF | CRP | fluoren-9-ol | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Cardiovascular Diseases | gene expression
8. Tuakuila J, et al. (2013). This study reveals the high pyrene (PAH) exposure of the Kinshasa population requiring the determination of PAH concentrations in ambient air of Kinshasa and limits values for the protection of human health. tobacco 1-hydroxypyrene Study subjects Congo, the Democratic Republic of the urine 1-hydroxypyrene Details
9. Ji G, et al. (2010). Nanjing Medical University Infertile Study These findings provided the first evidence that polymorphisms of XRCC1 may modify sperm Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons-DNA adduct levels and may be useful biomarkers to identify individuals susceptible to DNA damage resulting from PAHs exposure. genetics 1-hydroxypyrene Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male China urine 1-hydroxypyrene Details Infertility, Male
10. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
11. Johnson NM, et al. (2010). Findings suggest that the incidence and level of aflatoxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure was less than that observed in a high-risk population; however, participants consuming higher amounts of foods prone to aflatoxin contamination may be more vulnerable to exposure and interactions with other environmental/biological factors (i.e., hepatitis C virus). diet 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Details
12. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
13. Jung KH, et al. (2014). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Obese young children may be more likely to develop asthma in association with greater exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and methylphenanthrenes in particular, than non-obese children. body mass index | disease | sex 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Children | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity United States air 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Details Asthma
14. Gagnon F, et al. (2004). A survey was carried out on 162 recreational harvesters, and shellfish were sampled for chemical contaminant analysis. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Workers Canada 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Details
15. Kioumourtzoglou MA, et al. (2013). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Results suggest that week-long exposures to traffic-related, primary organic species are associated with increased rate of total and cause-specific cardiovascular disease emergency hospital admissions. 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive United States air 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Coronary Disease | Myocardial Infarction | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
16. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
17. Wertheim HF, et al. (2012). High levels of urine hydroxy-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were found in Hanoi street workers. No effect was seen on urine levels by wearing R95 particulate respirators in an area of high urban air pollution, except for 1-hydroxynaphthalene. Air Pollutants Workers Vietnam urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol Details
18. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
19. Gong J, et al. (2015). Sampling data for pre-, during-, and post-Olympic time periods in Beijing (China), this study found evidence that 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine (co-assayed) and 1-hydroxypyrene can be used as biomarkers of exposure to general vehicle-emitted pollutants; more data are needed to confirm 1-aminopyrene as a biomarker of diesel combustion emissions. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air, ambient | urine 1-aminopyrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-Naphthylamine | 2-Naphthylamine | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
20. Adetona O, et al. (2017). In this study, we assessed occupational exposure to wildland fire smoke in wildland firefighters by measuring the urinary concentrations of hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; our results suggest that hydroxylated PAHs (especially 4-hydroxyphenanthrene) may be useful biomarkers of wildland fire smoke exposure. Air Pollutants, Occupational | Smoke Workers United States air, ambient | urine 1,6-anhydro-beta-glucopyranose | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | Carbon Monoxide | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
21. Harrison RM, et al. (2004). American Cancer Society Study While many uncertainties remain, it appears plausible that known chemical carcinogens are responsible for the lung cancers attributed to particulate matter 2.5 exposure in the extended American Cancer Society Cohort Study. Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Study subjects United States Arsenic | Benzo(a)pyrene | Chromium | Nickel Details Lung Neoplasms
22. Xu L, et al. (2015). This paper focused on the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) from industrial effluent and gaseous emissions, and established a multi-pathway exposure model based on a Level IV multimedia fugacity model to analyze the human health risks in a city that has undergone rapid industrialization. Benzo(a)pyrene China air | sediment | soil | water Benzo(a)pyrene Details
23. Mordukhovich I, et al. (2015). Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP) In our population-based study, we observed positive associations between vehicular traffic-related benzo[a]pyrene exposure and breast cancer incidence among women with comparatively high long-term traffic B[a]P exposures, although effect estimates were imprecise. diet Benzo(a)pyrene Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms United States Benzo(a)pyrene Details Breast Neoplasms
24. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
25. Peters KO, et al. (2017). Center for Childhood Asthma in the Urban Environment (CCAUE) Time spent in non-smoking homes was associated with significantly decreased urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHPG), and secondhand smoke exposures increased these levels; time spent outdoors was associated with increased urinary 1-OHPG concentrations in boys only; our results suggest that secondhand smoke and ambient outdoor air pollution contribute to internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in inner city children. sex | tobacco Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States air, indoor | urine 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide | Nicotine | Particulate Matter Details
26. Galaviz VE, et al. (2017). Compared with non-border commuters, border commuters (exposed to traffic-related diesel particulate matter from idling buses during their northbound pedestrian commute across the Mexican-US border at San Ysidro Port of Entry) had two- to threefold higher mean urinary concentrations for unadjusted and creatinine-adjusted 1-nitropyrene metabolites (8-OHNP and 8-OHNAAP). Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects Mexico|United States urine 1-nitropyrene Details
27. Sancini A, et al. (2014). Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (a biomarker for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) was measured in non-smoker male workers and was related to an increase in plasma estradiol; we believe that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can interact with the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers Italy plasma | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Estradiol Details
28. Nethery E, et al. (2012). Study to identify polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the urine of pregnant women as biomarkers of exposure in air Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females Canada urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | fluoren-9-ol | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details
29. Jung KH, et al. (2010). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) These findings suggest that at levels encountered in New York City air, especially during the heating season, residential exposure to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may pose an increased risk of cancer and mutation. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Children United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Neoplasms
30. Alshaarawy O, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) A modest association between levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon urinary biomarkers and cardiovascular disease was detected in US adults. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol Details Cardiovascular Diseases
31. Yang Q, et al. (2015). A total of 136 dust samples (88 indoor and 48 outdoor) collected from Guizhou, southwest of China, were analyzed for 18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons China dust 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene Details
32. Best EA, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our findings are consistent with previous publications and further suggest that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, at least in part, may be responsible for the adverse cognitive effects linked to tobacco smoke and particulate matter air pollution. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details cognition
33. Mucha AP, et al. (2006). Environmental Pollutants and Health Status of Children We measured urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in 48 children 3 years of age in Mariupol, Ukraine, who lived near a steel mill and coking facility and compared these with 1-OHP concentrations measured in 42 children of the same age living in the capital city of Kiev, Ukraine. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children Ukraine air | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Benzo(a)pyrene | pyrene Details
34. Polanska K, et al. (2014). Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study This study provides evidence that combined exposure of pregnant women to common environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and environmental tobacco smoke might adversely affect fetal development. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | Phenanthrenes | Pyrenes Details developmental growth
35. Jung KH, et al. (2012). Nonatopic children may be more susceptible to the respiratory consequences of early pyrene exposures. pyrene Children | Fetuses United States air pyrene Details Asthma
36. Zhu X, et al. (2016). Wuhan-Zhuhai (WHZH) cohort We identified DNA methylation markers associated with smoking in a Chinese population, including some markers that were also correlated with gene expression. tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects China urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | 9-phenanthrol | fluoren-9-ol | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence
37. Piccardo MT, et al. (2010). During indoor smoking, environmental tobacco smoke contribution to total benzo(a)pyrene dose of the same smoker, may be not negligible. Therefore both active and passive smoking exposures should be considered in studies about health of active smokers. tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Workers Italy air Benzo(a)pyrene Details
38. Wang H, et al. (2018). We assessed the effect of chronic exposure to diesel exhaust on local (clara cell protein and surfactant protein A) and systemic (C-reactive protein and IL6) inflammation in an occupational cohort of diesel engine testers. Vehicle Emissions Workers China serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | CRP | IL6 | SCGB1A1 | SFTPA1 Details
39. Zhang X, et al. (2015). Our results show that occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust can induce increases in micronucleus, nucleoplasmic bridge, and nuclear bud frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Vehicle Emissions Workers China air, indoor | urine 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 9-phenanthrol | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Carbon | chrysene | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | naphthalene | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Chromosome Aberrations | Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective | micronucleus organization
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