Skip navigation

Chemical Pyridones

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

Send correction
1–13 of 13 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Meeker JD, et al. (2004). In the present study we found associations between urinary metabolites of contemporary-use insecticides and decreased sperm concentration and motility in humans. 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Insecticides Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male United States semen | urine 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details Infertility, Male | spermatogenesis | sperm motility
2. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
3. Coble J, et al. (2011). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Revised weighting factors in a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm were developed for use in epidemiologic analyses for the Agricultural Health Study by using exposure monitoring data from two monitoring substudies in combination with the world's exposure literature and Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details
4. Thomas KW, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study provides a direct assessment of the intensity score algorithm within the Agricultural Health Study cohort for several application methods. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details
5. Thomas KW, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study provides information on pesticide exposures and possible exposure determinants for several application methods commonly used by farmers and will provide information to assess and refine exposure classification; results may also be of use in pesticide safety education for reducing exposures to pesticide applicators. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos Workers United States air, personal | body region | hand | urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Chlorpyrifos Details
6. Mandel JS, et al. (2005). The results of the study showed that exposure to farm family members can be quantified using biological markers of exposure and the exposure was variable by chemical largely, though not exclusively, determined by the degree of direct contact with the application process. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos | Herbicides Children | Study subjects | Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Herbicides Details
7. Lu C, et al. (2006). We were able to demonstrate that an organic diet provides a dramatic and immediate protective effect against exposures to organophosphorus pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural production. diet 2-isopropyl-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | chlorferron | Malathion | pirimiphos methyl Children United States urine 2-isopropyl-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | chlorferron | Malathion | pirimiphos methyl Details
8. Kieszak SM, et al. (2002). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Priority Toxicant Reference Range Study (PTRRS) The main objective of our study was to determine whether we could use data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) to detect a relation between self-reported food consumption (particularly consumption of fruits, vegetables, and bread products) and urinary levels of pesticides or their metabolites in a population of 978 adults living in the US. diet Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | naphthalene | Pentachlorophenol | Pesticides Study subjects United States urine 1-naphthol | 2-isopropoxyphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-nitrophenol | Pentachlorophenol Details
9. Farahat FM, et al. (2011). Our findings demonstrate a statistically significant dose-effect inverse correlation between urinary 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol and both plasma butyrylcholinesterase and red blood cell acetylcholinesterase in humans exposed occupationally to chlorpyrifos. Chlorpyrifos Workers Egypt erythrocyte | plasma | urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | ACHE | BCHE Details
10. van Wendel de Joode B, et al. (2016). Our findings indicate that children living near banana and plantain plantations are exposed to pesticides that may affect their neurodevelopment, which for certain domains may differ between boys and girls. sex Chlorpyrifos | mancozeb | Pyrethrins Children Costa Rica urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Ethylenethiourea Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | behavior | cognition | learned vocalization behavior or vocal learning | memory | visual perception
11. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
12. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
13. Castorina R, et al. (2010). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our findings indicate that pregnant women in the Salinas Valley are chronically exposed to several current-use organophosphorus and organochlorine pesticides and chlorinated phenols, with additional intermittent exposures to other pesticides. Findings suggest that the CHAMACOS cohort has an additional burden of precursor pesticide exposure compared with the national sample, possibly from living and/or working in an agricultural area. Pesticides Pregnant females United States urine 1-naphthol | 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4,6-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-naphthol | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | 4-nitrophenol | acephate | DEET | Dimethoate | Ethylenethiourea | Pentachlorophenol Details
1–13 of 13 results.