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Chemical Triclosan

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–37 of 37 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
2. Vernet C, et al. (2018). SEPAGES During pregnancy, phenol biomarkers showed a strong within-day variability, while the variability between days of a given week was more limited. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
3. LaRocca J, et al. (2015). Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort (HEBC) These results suggest that prenatal phenol and phthalate exposure is associated with altered microRNA expression in placenta, suggesting a potential mechanism of endocrine-disrupting chemicals toxicity in humans. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids | propylparaben | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States placenta | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | MIR142 | MIR15A | MIR185 | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
4. Nazaroff W, et al. (2012). The study introduces the intake-to-production ratio as an economy-wide quantitative indicator of the extent to which chemical production results in human exposure. This ratio is well suited as an aggregate metric of exposure intensity for characterizing population-level exposure to synthesized chemicals, particularly those that move fairly rapidly from manufacture to human intake and have relatively stable production and intake rates. 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Study subjects United States 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Details
5. Smarr MM, et al. (2017). Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (LIFE) Higher quartiles of preconception urinary concentrations of methyl paraben and ethyl paraben among female partners were associated with reduced couple fecundity in partner-specific and couple-based exposure models. sex 4-hydroxybenzoic acid | Anti-Infective Agents | benzylparaben | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | heptylparaben | methylparaben | Parabens | propylparaben | protocatechuic acid | triclocarban | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine 4-hydroxybenzoic acid | benzylparaben | butylparaben | Creatinine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | heptylparaben | methylparaben | propylparaben | protocatechuic acid | triclocarban | Triclosan Details Infertility, Female | reproductive process
6. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
7. Adgent MA, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Antibiotics, but not triclosan, are negatively associated with urinary enterolactone; further study of triclosan exposure and enterolactone production may be needed to better understand positive associations among women. age | body mass index | diet | race | sex | socioeconomic status Anti-Bacterial Agents | Lincomycin | Macrolides | Quinolones | Sulfonamides | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | Triclosan Details
8. Larsson K, et al. (2014). COnsortium to Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (COPHES) | DEMOnstration of a study to COordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the levels of 10 phthalate metabolites, 5 parabens, bisphenol A and triclosan in urine from Swedish children (6-11 years old) and their mothers, in relation to demographics, lifestyle, housing and different potential sources of exposure to these chemicals. bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Children | Mothers Sweden urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
9. Carwile JL, et al. (2009). Despite within-person variability resulting from other sources of BPA exposure, a measurable increase in urinary BPA resulted from only 1 week of exposure to beverages contained in polycarbonate bottles. bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
10. Calafat AM, et al. (2009). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this follow-up study of premature infants receiving care in two neonatal intensive care units, we found moderate to strong institution-adjusted correlations between urinary concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) and the metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), indicating that BPA and DEHP may share common exposure sources. bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Children | Infants or newborns | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
11. Scinicariello F, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We examined the association of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), triclosan (TCS), and parabens with serum total testosterone (TT) levels in child and adolescent participants (ages 6-19 years) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012. sex bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Parabens | Triclosan Children United States serum | urine bisphenol A | Cotinine | Creatinine | oxybenzone | Parabens | Testosterone | Triclosan Details testosterone biosynthetic process
12. You L, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urinary excretion of triclosan, and possibly bisphenol A, decreased with decreasing renal function. bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details renal system process
13. Arbuckle TE, et al. (2015). Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study We report national-level data on urinary concentrations of free and conjugated forms of bisphenol A and triclosan in pregnant women and suggest that maternal characteristics predicting elevated urinary concentrations of these phenols largely act in opposite directions. age | socioeconomic status | tobacco bisphenol A | Triclosan Pregnant females Canada urine bisphenol A | bisphenol A disulfate | bisphenol A glucuronide | Triclosan Details
14. Arbuckle TE, et al. (2015). Plastics and Personal-care Products use in Pregnancy (P4) Study We found widespread exposure among pregnant women and infants to environmental phenols, with large inter-individual variability in exposure to triclosan. bisphenol A | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Workers Canada infant formula | meconium | milk, human | urine bisphenol A | Triclosan Details
15. Harley KG, et al. (2016). Health and Environmental Research on Makeup of Salinas Adolescents (HERMOSA) Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study demonstrates that techniques available to consumers, such as choosing personal care products that are labelled to be free of phthalates, parabens, triclosan, and benzophenone-3, can reduce personal exposure to possible endocrine disrupting chemicals. butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Children United States urine butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
16. Philippat C, et al. (2013). Study of Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental Health (SARAEH) Amniotic fluid detection frequencies for most phenols were low; the reproducibility of urine measures was poor for bisphenol A, but good for the other phenols; collecting multiple urine samples during pregnancy is an option to reduce exposure measurement error. Creatinine | Phenols Pregnant females United States amniotic fluid | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Creatinine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
17. Hahn S, et al. (2010). Exposure to biocides from household products may contribute to induction of sensitization in the population. Disinfectants Germany 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one | 2-Propanol | Benzalkonium Compounds | Benzoates | bronopol | chloroacetamide | Chlorpyrifos | d,d-T80-prallethrin | Dichlorvos | Formaldehyde | Glutaral | Hydrogen Peroxide | phenoxyethanol | phoxim | picaridin | Sodium Hypochlorite | Thiazoles | trichloroisocyanuric acid | Triclosan | troclosene Details
18. Teitelbaum SL, et al. (2008). We evaluated intraindividual temporal variability in 19 urinary biomarkers of endocrine disrupters (eight phthalate metabolites from six phthalate diesters, six phytoestrogens, and five phenols) among New York City minority children. Endocrine Disruptors Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butane-1,4-diol | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Equol | Genistein | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | O-desmethylangolensin | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details
19. Ihde ES, et al. (2015). Endocrine disrupting environmental chemicals were detected in all children in the study, with measurable levels of 4-nonylphenol in nearly one third of subjects; this is the first known published study of 4-nonylphenol levels in American children; no associations were found between the urine levels of these chemicals tested and estrogen metabolites. Endocrine Disruptors Children United States urine 16-hydroxyestrone | 2-hydroxyestradiol | 2-hydroxyestrone | 2-methoxyestrone | 4-hydroxyestrone-4-methyl ether | 4-hydroxyestrone | 4-nonylphenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Estrogens | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Details estrogen metabolic process
20. Philippat C, et al. (2014). EDEN Our study suggested associations between prenatal exposure to parabens and triclosan and prenatal or early postnatal growth; however, we relied on only one spot urine sample to assess exposure, and because of the high variability in phenol urinary concentrations reported during pregnancy, using only one sample may result in exposure misclassification (in particular for bisphenol A). methylparaben | Phenols | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
21. Buckley JP, et al. (2016). Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Although we did not observe strong evidence that prenatal environmental phenol exposures influence the development of childhood adiposity, the potential antiadipogenic effect of benzophenone-3 (oxybenzone) in girls may warrant further investigation. sex oxybenzone | Phenols Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details adipose tissue development
22. Meeker JD, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) We found positive associations in pregnant women in Puerto Rico between biomarker concentrations with self-reported use of liquid soap (triclosan), sunscreen (benzophenone-3), lotion (benzophenone-3 and parabens), and cosmetics (parabens); our results can inform future epidemiology studies and strategies to reduce exposure to these chemicals or their precursors. Parabens | Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects Puerto Rico|United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
23. Frederiksen H, et al. (2014). Copenhagen Mother-Child Cohort | Copenhagen Puberty Study | Odense Child Cohort Our study shows that nearly all Danes were exposed to the six most common phthalates, three phenols, and at least two of the parabens; the exposure to other non-persistent chemicals was also widespread. Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
24. Tefre de Renzy-Martin K, et al. (2014). Odense Child Cohort We found detectable levels of phthalate metabolites, parabens, and phenols in almost all pregnant women, suggesting combined multiple exposures; our results raise concern, as current toxicological risk assessments in humans do not take into account simultaneous exposure, and the true cumulative risk for the fetus may be underestimated Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females Denmark urine 2,4,5-trichlorophenol | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | 2-phenylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | benzylparaben | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate | mono-n-octyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
25. Mortensen ME, et al. (2014). National Children's Study (NCS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We report urinary concentrations of environmental phenols in pregnant women in a pilot study of the National Children's Study, and (comparing these results to those from NHANES studies) find that race/ethnicity and geographic location determined urinary concentrations of most phenols, except bisphenol A. race Phenols Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
26. Wolff MS, et al. (2015). Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Project (BCERP) We estimated relative risk of age at puberty associated with phenol exposures among girls when they were 6-8 years old and followed annually for 7 years; girls experienced breast development 5-6 months later (for enterolactone and benzophenone-3) or 4-9 months sooner (for triclosan and 2,5-dichlorophenol). sex Phenols Children United States urine 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | daidzein | Genistein | oxybenzone | Parabens | Triclosan Details thelarche
27. Philippat C, et al. (2012). EDEN | PELAGIE We observed evidence of an inverse association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and a positive association of benzophenone-3 with male birth weight. sex Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
28. Ferguson KK, et al. (2017). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We utilized questionnaire data to examine the associations between use of sunscreen and mouthwash and urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and phenols; associations between exposure biomarkers and sunscreen use were stronger in women compared with men, and associations with mouthwash use were generally stronger in men compared with women; these results suggest that sunscreen and mouthwash may be important exposure sources for endocrine disrupting compounds. sex Phenols | Phthalic Acids Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
29. Casas L, et al. (2011). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Phthalate and phenol exposures are prevalent in a group of pregnant women and young children, two susceptible populations, and these exposures might be positively related to social class. socioeconomic status Phenols | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
30. Wolff MS, et al. (2008). Children's Environmental Health Study We observed a range of phthalate and phenol exposures during pregnancy, but few were associated with birth size; the association of 2,5-dichlorophenol and benzophenone-3 with reduced or increased birth weight could be important in very early or small-size births. Phenols | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | oxybenzone | Triclosan Details Birth Weight
31. Bertelsen RJ, et al. (2014). Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) The reliability of measuring triclosan concentrations in repeated urine samples from pregnant Norwegian women was reasonably good, suggesting a single urine sample can adequately represent exposure during pregnancy. Triclosan Pregnant females Norway urine Triclosan Details
32. Lankester J, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Triclosan exposure is associated with increased body mass index; however, stronger effect at moderate than high urinary levels suggests a complex mechanism of action. body mass index Triclosan Study subjects United States urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | Triclosan Details Body Weight
33. Bertelsen RJ, et al. (2013). Environment and Childhood Asthma (ECA) Triclosan concentrations were associated with allergic sensitization, especially inhalant and seasonal allergens, rather than food allergens; current rhinitis was associated with the highest levels of triclosan, whereas no association was seen for current asthma. Triclosan Children Norway urine Triclosan Details Asthma | Hypersensitivity | Rhinitis, Allergic
34. Calafat AM, et al. (2008). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In about three-quarters of urine samples analyzed as part of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004, we detected concentrations of triclosan. Concentrations differed by age and socioeconomic status but not by race/ethnicity and sex. age | socioeconomic status Triclosan Study subjects United States urine Triclosan Details
35. Zhu W, et al. (2016). An association between environmental exposure to TCS and poor semen quality parameters was observed in this cross-sectional study, suggesting that TCS may affect human sperm production and normal morphology. However, the association was limited to the lowest tertile. Triclosan Study subjects China urine Triclosan Details spermatogenesis | sperm motility
36. Lassen TH, et al. (2016). Odense Child Cohort Prenatal Triclosan-exposure was associated with reduced head and abdominal circumference at birth and reduced anogenital distance at three months of age in boys, although the two latter findings were statistically non-significant. sex Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark urine Triclosan Details genitalia development | head development
37. Ouyang F, et al. (2018). These results suggested the potential for Triclosan (TCS) to be associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and a gender-specific association with higher birthweight among female infants in a population with widespread but moderate exposure to TCS. sex Triclosan Pregnant females China urine Triclosan Details Diabetes, Gestational
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