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Chemical Valerates

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Ellis JK, et al. (2012). This study shows evidence that metabolic profiling in an uncontrolled human population is capable of identifying intermediate biomarkers of response to cadmium at true environmental concentrations, paving the way for exposome research. Cadmium Study subjects United Kingdom urine 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | beta-hydroxyisovaleric acid | Citric Acid | Creatine | Creatinine Details cellular response to oxidative stress