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Chemical Chlorine Compounds

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–19 of 19 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
2. Makey CM, et al. (2016). Our findings suggest that polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure might decrease the binding of thyroxine (T4) to serum T4 binding proteins. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Workers United States serum | urine 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Iodine | Lipids | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
3. Cicalese L, et al. (2017). In our study, we showed that selected relevant air pollutants produce a significant clustering of the Texan counties with respect to their concentration and discussed about the incidence rate distributions of liver cancer over the identified clusters. 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | Benzene | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Hexanes | Hydrochloric Acid | Methanol | methyl tert-butyl ether | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Details Liver Neoplasms
4. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
5. Pirani M, et al. (2015). We used Dirichlet process mixture models to cluster time points with similar multipollutant and response profiles, while adjusting for seasonal cycles, trends and temporal components. Air Pollutants | Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates United Kingdom air Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Details
6. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
7. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
8. Bowen AB, et al. (2007). Eye and respiratory illnesses were associated with chlorinated indoor swimming pools at two hotels, consistent with exposure to chloramines. Chloramines Study subjects United States Details Eye Diseases | Respiration Disorders
9. Yuan WM, et al. (2016). On the basis of the pre-existing local nasal mucosal lesions, excessive chromic acid mist in the school's surrounding areas and formaldehyde in the classrooms were considered to have acutely irritated the nasal mucosa, causing epistaxis. Chromium | Formaldehyde | Hydrochloric Acid | sulfuric acid Children China air Chromium | Formaldehyde | Hydrochloric Acid | sulfuric acid Details Epistaxis
10. Valentín-Blasini L, et al. (2011). Study of Estrogen Activity and Development (SEAD) We measured perchlorate and related anions (nitrate, thiocyanate, and iodide) in 206 urine samples from 92 infants ages 1-377 days and calculated perchlorate intake dose for this sample of infants. Estimated exposure dose differed by feeding method. diet Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Infants or newborns United States urine Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
11. Mervish N, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The results of the present study demonstrate fair temporal reliability in the spot urine concentrations of the three sodium iodide symporter inhibitors and iodide. Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Children United States urine Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
12. Hahn S, et al. (2010). Exposure to biocides from household products may contribute to induction of sensitization in the population. Disinfectants Germany 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one | 2-Propanol | Benzalkonium Compounds | Benzoates | bronopol | chloroacetamide | Chlorpyrifos | d,d-T80-prallethrin | Dichlorvos | Formaldehyde | Glutaral | Hydrogen Peroxide | phenoxyethanol | phoxim | picaridin | Sodium Hypochlorite | Thiazoles | trichloroisocyanuric acid | Triclosan | troclosene Details
13. Horton MK, et al. (2015). Endocrine Disruption in Pregnant Women: Thyroid Disruption and Infant Development Study Co-exposure to perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate may alter maternal thyroid function, specifically thyroid stimulating hormone, during pregnancy. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Pregnant females United States serum | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine Details thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion
14. Steinmaus C, et al. (2016). Project Baby's Breath (PBB) Our results suggest that environmental perchlorate exposures may affect thyroid hormone production during pregnancy. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Pregnant females United States serum | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid hormone generation
15. Cao Y, et al. (2010). Study of Estrogen Activity and Development (SEAD) The association of perchlorate exposure with increased urinary thyroid-stimulating hormone in infants with low urinary iodide is consistent with previous findings. Higher thiocyanate and nitrate exposure were also associated with higher thyroid-stimulating hormone in infants. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Infants or newborns United States blood | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | TSHB Details hormone secretion | thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion
16. Mervish NA, et al. (2016). Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Project (BCERP) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We examined whether exposure to sodium/iodide symporter inhibitors measured at one time point were associated with height, waist circumference, and body mass index trajectories during childhood in an established cohort group of young girls with adequate iodine intake. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details developmental growth
17. English P, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our sample of 31 residents had higher perchlorate dose levels compared with national reference ranges. Although none of our exposure estimates exceeded the U. S. EPA reference dose, three participants exceeded the acceptable daily dose. Iodine | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Study subjects United States produce | urine | water, drinking Iodine | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
18. Blount BC, et al. (2007). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We provide the first population-based assessment of the magnitude and prevalence of perchlorate exposure in the US; after adjustment for age, creatinine, fasting, sex, and race/ethnicity, perchlorate levels in urine were higher in children compared with adolescents or adults, and we found a significant interaction between sex and race/ethnicity. age | race | sex perchlorate Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine perchlorate Details
19. Schreinemachers DM, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study investigated associations between urinary perchlorate and biomarkers of oxidative stress and iron homeostasis, including blood urea nitrogen, lymphocyte counts, serum uric acid, serum iron, and red blood cell counts. perchlorate Study subjects United States serum | urine Iron | perchlorate | Uric Acid Details erythrocyte homeostasis | iron ion homeostasis | lymphocyte homeostasis
1–19 of 19 results.