Skip navigation

Chemical Nitric Acid

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

Send correction
1–32 of 32 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
2. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). In this study, electronic cigarette liquids were evaluated for the presence of selected tobacco-derived chemicals. 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Greece|United States cigarette | e-cigarette, liquid 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Details
3. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
4. Winchester PD, et al. (2009). Birth defect rates in the Unites States were found to be highest for women conceiving in the spring and summer, and elevated concentrations of agrichemicals in surface water in April-July months coincided with higher risk of birth defects; while a causal link between agrichemicals and birth defects cannot be proven from this study, an association might provide clues to common factors shared by both variables. Agrochemicals Fetuses | Pregnant females United States water Atrazine | Nitrates | Pesticides Details Congenital Abnormalities
5. Pirani M, et al. (2015). We used Dirichlet process mixture models to cluster time points with similar multipollutant and response profiles, while adjusting for seasonal cycles, trends and temporal components. Air Pollutants | Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates United Kingdom air Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Details
6. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
7. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
8. Hao H, et al. (2016). We investigated associations between 11 ambient air pollutants and the risk of preterm birth in Georgia (U.S.) from 2002-2006; several pollutants were associated with preterm birth, and associations tended to be higher for mothers with low educational attainment and African-American mothers. race | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Pregnant females United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Premature Birth
9. Gong J, et al. (2015). Sampling data for pre-, during-, and post-Olympic time periods in Beijing (China), this study found evidence that 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine (co-assayed) and 1-hydroxypyrene can be used as biomarkers of exposure to general vehicle-emitted pollutants; more data are needed to confirm 1-aminopyrene as a biomarker of diesel combustion emissions. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air, ambient | urine 1-aminopyrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-Naphthylamine | 2-Naphthylamine | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
10. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
11. Wichmann J, et al. (2014). In the cold period, locally generated particulate matter and days with limited local dispersion affected acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations, indicating importance of local emissions from e.g. traffic. Ammonium Compounds | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction Sweden air Ammonium Compounds | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Details Myocardial Infarction
12. Barros N, et al. (2014). This review covered well-water analyses performed by the North Carolina State Laboratory of Public Health on samples submitted by county health departments statewide from 1998 through 2011. Arsenic | Nitrates United States water, drinking Arsenic Details
13. Thorpe N, et al. (2005). This hypothesis-generating study explores spatial patterns of childhood cancers in Maryland and investigates their potential associations with herbicides and nitrates in groundwater. Atrazine | metolachlor | Nitrates Children United States Details Bone Neoplasms | Brain Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lymphoma
14. Goldman GT, et al. (2010). Ambient air pollutant measurement error due to instrument imprecision and spatial variability is characterized and its impacts on health risk estimates are assessed. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
15. Kim SY, et al. (2015). Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) Study Particulate Matter (2.5) components possibly from combustion-related sources are more strongly associated with daily mortality than are secondary inorganic aerosols. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Study subjects United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia | Neoplasms
16. Ostro B, et al. (2015). California Teachers Study Our analysis of long-term exposure to the mass and constituents of Particulate Matter (2.5) and ultrafine particles revealed several statistically significant associations with all-cause, cardiovascular, and ischemic heart disease mortality. Carbon | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nitrates | Organic Chemicals | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States air Carbon | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nitrates | Organic Chemicals | Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Myocardial Ischemia
17. Downs TJ, et al. (2010). We piloted participatory testing and reporting that combined relatively simple tests with actionable reporting to empower residents in Main South/Piedmont neighborhoods of Worcester, Massachusetts. Chlorine | Lead | Nitrates | Nitrites | Particulate Matter | Radon United States air | dust | soil | water Chlorine | Lead | Nitrates | Nitrites | Particulate Matter | Radon Details
18. Valentín-Blasini L, et al. (2011). Study of Estrogen Activity and Development (SEAD) We measured perchlorate and related anions (nitrate, thiocyanate, and iodide) in 206 urine samples from 92 infants ages 1-377 days and calculated perchlorate intake dose for this sample of infants. Estimated exposure dose differed by feeding method. diet Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Infants or newborns United States urine Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
19. Mervish N, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The results of the present study demonstrate fair temporal reliability in the spot urine concentrations of the three sodium iodide symporter inhibitors and iodide. Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Children United States urine Creatinine | Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
20. Horton MK, et al. (2015). Endocrine Disruption in Pregnant Women: Thyroid Disruption and Infant Development Study Co-exposure to perchlorate, nitrate and thiocyanate may alter maternal thyroid function, specifically thyroid stimulating hormone, during pregnancy. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Pregnant females United States serum | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyrotropin | Thyroxine Details thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion
21. Cao Y, et al. (2010). Study of Estrogen Activity and Development (SEAD) The association of perchlorate exposure with increased urinary thyroid-stimulating hormone in infants with low urinary iodide is consistent with previous findings. Higher thiocyanate and nitrate exposure were also associated with higher thyroid-stimulating hormone in infants. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Infants or newborns United States blood | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | TSHB Details hormone secretion | thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion
22. Steinmaus C, et al. (2016). Project Baby's Breath (PBB) Our results suggest that environmental perchlorate exposures may affect thyroid hormone production during pregnancy. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Pregnant females United States serum | urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid hormone generation
23. Mervish NA, et al. (2016). Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Project (BCERP) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We examined whether exposure to sodium/iodide symporter inhibitors measured at one time point were associated with height, waist circumference, and body mass index trajectories during childhood in an established cohort group of young girls with adequate iodine intake. Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States urine Iodides | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details developmental growth
24. English P, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our sample of 31 residents had higher perchlorate dose levels compared with national reference ranges. Although none of our exposure estimates exceeded the U. S. EPA reference dose, three participants exceeded the acceptable daily dose. Iodine | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Study subjects United States produce | urine | water, drinking Iodine | Nitrates | perchlorate | thiocyanate Details
25. Yard E, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We conducted a cross-sectional study of residents living near the Akaki River in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia); this river contains elevated levels of several metals, but most of the exposures we found seem unlikely to cause acute health effects based on known toxic thresholds (however, toxicity data for many of these metals are very limited). Metals | Water Pollutants, Chemical Study subjects Ethiopia|United States blood | urine | water, drinking Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Iodine | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Selenium | Thallium | Tungsten | Uranium Details
26. Aschebrook-Kilfoy B, et al. (2012). The present study provides limited evidence that nitrate in residential well water is associated with subclinical hypothyroidism in women but not men. sex Nitrates Study subjects United States water, well Nitrates Details Hypothyroidism
27. Fewtrell L. (2004). I conclude that, given the apparently low incidence of possible water-related methemoglobinemia, the complex nature of the role of nitrates, and that of individual behavior, it is currently inappropriate to attempt to link illness rates with drinking-water nitrate levels. Nitrates Study subjects Details Methemoglobinemia
28. Espejo-Herrera N, et al. (2016). Multi-case Control Cancer Study in Spain (MCC-Spain) Waterborne ingested nitrate was associated with breast cancer only among postmenopausal women with high red meat consumption; however, dietary (non-waterborne) nitrate was not associated with breast cancer regardless of the animal or vegetable source or of menopausal status. diet Nitrates Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms Spain food | water, drinking Nitrates Details Breast Neoplasms
29. Jones RR, et al. (2016). Iowa Women's Health Study (IWHS) Long-term ingestion of elevated nitrate in drinking water was associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer among postmenopausal women, including current smokers. diet | tobacco Nitrates Study subjects United States water, drinking Details Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
30. Raczuk J, et al. (2014). We determined nitrate and nitrite content in selected vegetables purchased at supermarket chains in Siedlce (Poland) to assess their impact on consumer health. diet Nitrates | Nitrites Study subjects Poland beetroot | cabbage, white | carrot | cucumber | lettuce, butterhead | lettuce, iceberg | potato | radish | tomato Nitrates | Nitrites Details
31. Joyce SJ, et al. (2008). In summary, these preliminary results suggest a relation between the development of term prelabor rupture of membranes and exposure to water disinfection by-products. Nitrates | Trihalomethanes Pregnant females Australia water Nitrates | Trihalomethanes Details Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture
32. Peng RD, et al. (2009). Ambient levels of elemental carbon (soot) and organic carbon were associated with the largest risks of emergency hospitalization for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases across the major chemical constituents of fine particulate matter PM2.5 in the US. Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Nitrates | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
1–32 of 32 results.