These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Sexton K, et al. (2007).||Our aim was to compare and rank relative health risks of 179 air pollutants in Houston using an evidence-based approach supplemented by the expert judgment of a panel of academic scientists.||1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | acrylic acid | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | chromium hexavalent ion | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | naphthalene | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride||Study subjects||United States||Details||Disorders of Environmental Origin | Neoplasms|
|2.||Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2018).||Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE)||Some air toxics were associated with autism spectrum disorder risk and severity, including some traffic-related air pollutants and newly-reported associations, but other previously reported associations with metals and volatile organic compounds were not reproducible.||1,4-dioxane | 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate | 4-dichlorobenzene | benzidine | bromoform | Carbon Disulfide | chlorobenzene | Dibenzofurans | methyl tert-butyl ether | propionaldehyde | Urethane||Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder||United States||Details||Autism Spectrum Disorder|
|3.||Pronk A, et al. (2006).||The aim of this study was to assess which compounds contribute to isocyanate exposure in car body repair shops and industrial painting companies, and to identify tasks with a high risk of isocyanate exposure.||1,6-
|4.||Sorahan T, et al. (2002).||The study has been unable to link isocyanate exposed employment either with risks of lung cancer or with risks of non-malignant diseases of the respiratory system.||Isocyanates||Workers||United Kingdom||Details||Lung Neoplasms | Respiratory Tract Diseases|