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Chemical Metals, Light

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
2. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
3. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
4. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
5. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
6. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
7. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
8. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
9. Samoli E, et al. (2016). Our results suggest that exhaust-related pollutants are associated with increased numbers of adult cardiovascular and pediatric respiratory hospitalizations. age Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Copper | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
10. Cantone L, et al. (2011). Our results indicate histone modifications as a novel epigenetic mechanism induced in human subjects by long-term occupational exposure to inhalable nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants, Occupational Workers Italy air Aluminum | Arsenic | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Zinc Details histone H3-K4 dimethylation | positive regulation of histone H3-K9 acetylation
11. Morton J, et al. (2014). We report 95th percentiles of 61 elements in urine samples from occupationally unexposed UK adults. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Study subjects United Kingdom urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Dysprosium | Erbium | Europium | Gadolinium | Gallium | Germanium | Gold | Hafnium | Holmium | Indium | Iridium | Lanthanum | Lead | Lithium | Lutetium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Neodymium | Nickel | Niobium | Osmium | Palladium | Platinum | Praseodymium | Rhodium | Rubidium | Ruthenium | Samarium | Scandium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Tellurium | Terbium | Thallium | Thorium | Thulium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Ytterbium | Yttrium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
12. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
13. Concha G, et al. (2010). We analyzed numerous elements in drinking water collected in Andes villages (Argentina), and in urine of the inhabitants; besides confirmation of elevated arsenic concentrations in the drinking water, we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium, cesium, rubidium, and boron, and similarly elevated concentrations were found in urine of women. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects Argentina urine | water, drinking | water, tap Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
14. Feng W, et al. (2015). In the current study, we found that multiple metals in urine are associated with fasting plasma glucose, impaired fasting glucose or diabetes risk among a general Chinese population. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Controls for disease:Glucose Intolerance | Subjects with disease:Glucose Intolerance China urine Details Diabetes Mellitus | Glucose Intolerance | glucose metabolic process
15. Yuan Y, et al. (2017). Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ) Cohort Our study suggested that incident coronary heart disease was positively associated with plasma levels of titanium and arsenic, and inversely associated with selenium. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Controls for disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Workers China plasma Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Strontium | Thallium | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Coronary Disease
16. Olmedo P, et al. (2018). Our findings indicate that e-cigarettes are a potential source of exposure to toxic metals (Cr, Ni, and Pb), and to metals that are toxic when inhaled (Mn and Zn). Markedly higher concentrations in the aerosol and tank samples versus the dispenser demonstrate that coil contact induced e-liquid contamination. Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Tin | Zinc Study subjects United States e-cigarette, liquid | e-cigarette, vapor Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Tin | Zinc Details
17. Arnich N, et al. (2012). Total Diet Study (TDS) Dietary exposure of the French population to trace elements has been assessed in the second national Total Diet Study (TDS). diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Lead | Mercury | Nickel Children | Study subjects France Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Cadmium | Cobalt | Lead | Mercury | Nickel Details
18. Rango T, et al. (2015). This study explored the concentrations of inorganic contaminants in drinking water sources from chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) endemic and nonendemic areas, and we were unable to establish a clear link between nephrotoxic contaminant levels and the presence of CKDu. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Controls for disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Subjects with disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Study subjects Sri Lanka urine Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Details
19. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
20. Al-Sabbak M, et al. (2012). Our data suggested that birth defects in the Iraqi cities of Al Basrah and Fallujah are mainly folate-dependent. This knowledge offers possible treatment options and remediation plans for at-risk Iraqi populations. Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Study subjects Brazil|Canada|
Ethiopia|India|
Iraq|Mexico|
Norway|Pakistan|
Poland|Spain|
Turkey|United States
hair | nail | tooth Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
21. Vinceti M, et al. (2010). Based on these results, coupled with other epidemiologic data and with findings from animal studies that show specific toxicity of the trace element on motor neurons, we hypothesize that dietary intake of inorganic selenium through drinking water increases the risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. diet Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Manganese | Selenic Acid | Zinc Study subjects Italy water, well Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Manganese | Selenic Acid | Zinc Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
22. Dong Z, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Cement production is a major source of metals in the environment; we measured aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, and selenium in blood and hair from residents near a cement plant; smoking contributed to cadmium and lead, and seafood consumption contributed to mercury and arsenic exposures; however, the study population was not at elevated health risk, and the contribution of the cement plant to metal exposures in the community was minimal. diet | tobacco Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | Selenium Study subjects United States air, ambient | blood | hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | Selenium Details
23. Hou L, et al. (2014). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) In this study, we evaluated the effects of PM elemental components on methylation of three tandem repeats in a highly-exposed population in Beijing, China. Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Workers China Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Details methylation
24. Zhou J, et al. (2011). The Particulate Matter (PM2.5) components and gaseous pollutants associated with mortality in Detroit were most associated with warm season secondary aerosols and traffic markers. In Seattle, the component species most closely associated with mortality included those for cold season traffic and other combustion sources, such as residual oil and wood burning. Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc United States air Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Dioxide | Iron | Nickel | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
25. Dai L, et al. (2016). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Our study suggested that exposure to ambient nickel was associated with increased blood pressure independent of particulate matter <=2.5 microns mass in our study population of elderly men. Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Veterans United States Aluminum | Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details regulation of blood pressure
26. Nevison CD. (2014). Temporal trends in autism were constructed both by tracking prevalence at a constant age in a series of historical IDEA reports and by computing prevalence from age-resolved snapshots in individual, recent IDEA reports. Aluminum | glyphosate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Vehicle Emissions Children United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
27. Rondeau V, et al. (2009). Aluminum Maladie d'Alzheimer (ALMA+) | Personnes Agees Quid Study (PAQUID) We found that the cognitive decline and the risk of dementia were higher for high consumption of Aluminum from drinking water. age Aluminum | Silicon Dioxide Study subjects France water, drinking, bottled | water, tap Aluminum | Silicon Dioxide Details Alzheimer Disease | cognition
28. Julander A, et al. (2014). Therefore, the main objective of this study was to characterize metal exposure in e-waste recycling workers in Sweden by measuring concentrations in both air samples and exposure biomarkers. Antimony | Arsenic | Beryllium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Indium | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Platinum | Thallium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Zinc Workers Sweden blood | plasma | urine Antimony | Arsenic | Beryllium | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Indium | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Platinum | Thallium | Tungsten | Vanadium | Zinc Details
29. Hansen AF, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey Our results suggest a possible role of bromine, cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, silver and zinc in the development of type 2 diabetes. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
30. Simić A, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey This study suggests an association between prevalent type 2 diabetes and blood levels of boron, calcium, indium, lead, magnesium and silver. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
31. Igra AM, et al. (2016). We found that serum boron concentrations were inversely associated with birth size (length and weight), and the impact of boron appeared stronger when restricted to the third trimester, when the serum boron concentrations were the highest. Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
32. Hossain MB, et al. (2012). Environmental cadmium exposure was associated with DNA hypomethylation in peripheral blood, and DNMT1 genotypes modified this association. genetics Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lithium | Selenium | Zinc Subjects with gene influence:DNMT1 | Study subjects Argentina blood | urine Arsenicals | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lithium | Selenium | Zinc Details DNA methylation
33. Broberg K, et al. (2011). Exposure to lithium via drinking water and other environmental sources may affect thyroid function, consistent with known side effects of medical treatment with lithium. diet Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Dextrothyroxine | Iodine | Lithium | Selenium Study subjects Argentina plasma | urine Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Dextrothyroxine | Iodine | Lithium | Selenium Details
34. Harari F, et al. (2015). Lithium exposure through drinking water was associated with impaired fetal size and this seemed to be initiated in early gestation. Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
35. Rotter I, et al. (2015). The primary aim of the study was to assess the relationship of blood heavy metal and bioelement concentrations and Metabolic Syndrome, in men aged 50-75 years. Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hypertension | Subjects with disease:Hypertension | Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Controls for disease:Overweight | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects Poland blood | serum Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hypertension | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Overweight | cholesterol homeostasis | insulin metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride homeostasis
36. Kippler M, et al. (2016). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Despite decreased water arsenic concentrations in rural Bangladesh, the children still have elevated exposure, largely from food (such as rice). diet Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Children | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Details
37. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
38. Harari F, et al. (2015). The study reports that lithium exposure and cesium exposure through drinking water may impair thyroid function; impaired thyroid function during pregnancy may be detrimental for fetal development. diet Arsenic | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Cesium | Lithium | Triiodothyronine | TSHB | TTR Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
39. Rubio-Arias H, et al. (2010). This paper reports the results of some metal levels in waters flowing in six tributaries of the Conchos River in Chihuahua, Mexico over a two year period. Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Mexico water Arsenic | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lithium | Manganese | Nickel | Vanadium | Zinc Details
40. Nogaj E, et al. (2014). We found that girls had a significantly greater beryllium concentration in their pharyngeal tonsils than boys, and that beryllium concentration varies greatly (mostly according to the place of residence); based on the results, the reference value for beryllium in pharyngeal tonsils of children is recommended to be 0.02-0.04 micrograms per gram. sex Beryllium Children Poland adenoid Beryllium Details
41. Harber P, et al. (2009). In summary, combining published observational data and several possible progression models suggests that the risk of developing beryllium-sensitized without disease (BeS) is greatest in the first few years after exposure and then declines, and that the annual risk of progressing from BeS to chronic beryllium disease declines over time. Beryllium Workers United States Details Berylliosis
42. Zhang H, et al. (2017). Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: a Longitudinal (REACTION) Study Serum magnesium levels are decreased and serum copper, zinc and selenium levels are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus China serum Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
43. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
44. Park SB, et al. (2009). We investigated possible relationships between minerals and metabolic syndrome; the hair tissue contents of calcium, magnesium, and copper in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly lower than those of controls, whereas the amounts of sodium, potassium, and mercury in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly higher. Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Study subjects Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Details Metabolic Syndrome
45. Ajayi OO, et al. (2012). Results suggest that elevated serum heavy metals (cadmium and lead) and reduction of essential micronutrients (zinc, copper and vitamin E) may contribute to recurrent spontaneous abortion. Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Progesterone | Selenium | Tocopherols | Zinc Controls for disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Subjects with disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Pregnant females Nigeria serum Cadmium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Progesterone | Selenium | Tocopherols | Zinc Details
46. Janssen NA, et al. (2005). The findings of this study provide support for using fixed site measurements as a measure of exposure to particulate matter in time series studies linking the day to day variation in particulate matter to the day to day variation in health endpoints, especially for components of particulate matter that are generally associated with fine particles and have few indoor sources. Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases Finland|Netherlands air Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
47. Ferrandiz J, et al. (2004). We used exposure analysis to assess the effect of both protective factors-calcium and magnesium-on mortality from cerebrovascular (ICD-9 430-438) and ischemic heart (ICD-9 410-414) diseases. This study provides statistical evidence of the relationship between mortality from cardiovascular diseases and hardness of drinking water. Calcium | Magnesium Study subjects Spain Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
48. Lee EY, et al. (2015). Welders with higher manganese exposure showed significantly higher MRI relaxation rate compared either with controls or with welders with lower exposure; moreover, the nonlinear relationship between welding exposure and manganese brain accumulation should be considered in future studies and policies. Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Potassium Workers United States blood Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Potassium Details
49. Trupin L, et al. (2010). Multivariate models with variables from five different categories of potential individual and environmental risk factors explained 30% of lung function variability and, including lung function, 25% of variability in disease severity in adult asthma. tobacco Copper | Iron | Magnesium | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Asthma United States dust Copper | Iron | Magnesium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
50. Pedersen M, et al. (2016). Transport-related Air Pollution and Health impacts-Integrated Methodologies for Assessing Particulate Matter (TRANSPHORM) Sulfur in both particulate matter <= 2.5 and <= 10 microns (PM2.5 and PM10) and nickel in PM2.5 were associated with an increased risk of term low birth weight, reduced birth weight, and smaller birth head circumference. Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark|Germany|
Italy|Lithuania|
Netherlands|Spain|
Sweden
Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
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