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Chemical Monoterpenes

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–44 of 44 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
2. Nøst TH, et al. (2013). Tromso study Our results suggest substantial intraindividual declines in serum concentrations of legacy persistent organic pollutants from 1979 to 2007 in men from Northern Norway. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lindane | Mirex | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene Study subjects Norway serum 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lindane | Mirex | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene Details
3. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
4. Goldner WS, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We found statistically significant associations between specific herbicides and insecticides and hypothyroid disease in male pesticide applicators. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | butylate | Carbofuran | Chlordan | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | metalaxyl | Parathion | Petroleum | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
5. Hoppin JA, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These results provide preliminary evidence that pesticide use may increase chronic bronchitis prevalence. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Malathion | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
6. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
7. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | imazethapyr | Lindane | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
8. Hou L, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Seven pesticides previously associated with cancer risk in the epidemiologic literature were inversely associated with relative telomere length in buccal cell DNA among cancer-free pesticide applicators. age 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | DDT | metolachlor | Permethrin | Toxaphene | Trifluralin Workers United States Details telomere maintenance
9. Lee WJ, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This explorative study suggests an association between the incidence of colorectal cancer and use of certain pesticides, in particularly chlorpyrifos and aldicarb, although some findings could be due to chance. age | body mass index | tobacco 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Aldicarb | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | Fonofos | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colorectal Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
10. Hoppin JA, et al. (2008). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that pesticides may contribute to atopic asthma, but not nonatopic asthma, among farm women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbamates | Carbaryl | Coumaphos | DDT | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | metalaxyl | Organophosphates | Parathion | Permethrin | Pesticides | Phorate Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Asthma
11. Beard JD, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study adds further evidence that high level pesticide exposure, such as pesticide poisoning, is associated with increased risk of depression and sets a lower bound on the level of exposure related to depression, thereby providing reassurance that the moderate levels of pesticide exposure experienced by farmers' wives likely do not increase risk. age | tobacco 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | Carbamates | Herbicides | metalaxyl | Permethrin | Pesticides | Triazines Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
12. Xue J, et al. (2014). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents combined dietary and residential exposure estimates and cumulative doses for seven commonly used pyrethroids, and comparisons of model evaluation results with NHANES biomarker data for 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid metabolites. 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Allethrin | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | decamethrin | fenvalerate | Permethrin | resmethrin Children | Study subjects United States urine 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Details
13. Zartarian V, et al. (2012). Children's Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Organic Pollutants (CTEPP) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents an aggregate permethrin exposure and dose assessment for 3- to 5-year-old children, using Environmental Protection Agency's probabilistic Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation-Multimedia model. 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Children United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Details
14. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
15. Lebov JF, et al. (2016). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study of male pesticide applicators, risk of end-stage renal disease increased with increasing cumulative exposure to several pesticides, including the herbicides alachlor, metolachlor, paraquat and pendimethalin, and the insecticide permethrin. alachlor | Aldicarb | Atrazine | Chlordan | Coumaphos | imazethapyr | metalaxyl | metolachlor | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate Workers United States Details Kidney Failure, Chronic
16. Andreotti G, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using data from the Agricultural Health Study, we examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cancer at 17 sites and the interaction between BMI and pesticide use. body mass index | tobacco alachlor | Atrazine | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Malathion | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Permethrin | terbufos | Trifluralin Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Breast Neoplasms | Colonic Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
17. Purdue MP, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our analysis of data from the Agricultural Health Study cohort suggests that, overall, use of organochlorine insecticides was not related to cancer risk. We did, however, observe associations among specific chemicals, some of which (lindane and NHL, chlordane/heptachlor and leukemia) are supported by previously published studies and warrant further investigation. Aldrin | Chlordan | DDT | Dieldrin | Heptachlor | Lindane | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colonic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Melanoma | Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
18. Kamel F, et al. (2012). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The meta-analysis suggests that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis risk is associated with use of pesticides as a group, and our analysis of Agricultural Health Study data points to organochlorine insecticide use in particular. Aldrin | DDT | Dieldrin | Herbicides | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | Toxaphene Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
19. Cakmak S, et al. (2014). Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) To investigate the association between volatile organic compounds measured in residential indoor air and lung function in the Canadian population Cycle 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey - a population based cross-sectional survey designed to be representative of the Canadian population - was carried out between 2009 and 2011. alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Children | Study subjects Canada air alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Details regulation of respiratory gaseous exchange
20. Alavanja MC, et al. (2003). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Use of chlorinated pesticides among applicators over 50 years of age and methyl bromide use were significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. age butylate | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Fonofos | methyl bromide | Permethrin | Phorate Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
21. Slager RE, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The aim of this study was to analyze cross-sectional data on rhinitis in the past year and pesticide use from 21,958 Iowa and North Carolina farmers in the Agricultural Health Study, enrolled 1993-1997, to evaluate pesticide predictors of rhinitis. Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | Malathion | metolachlor | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Rhinitis
22. van Wendel de Joode B, et al. (2016). Our findings indicate that children living near banana and plantain plantations are exposed to pesticides that may affect their neurodevelopment, which for certain domains may differ between boys and girls. sex Chlorpyrifos | mancozeb | Pyrethrins Children Costa Rica urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Ethylenethiourea Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | behavior | cognition | learned vocalization behavior or vocal learning | memory | visual perception
23. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
24. Koutros S, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study we evaluated the interaction between pesticide use, genetic variation on chromosome 8q24, and risk of prostate cancer in 2,220 Agricultural Health Study subjects. genetics Coumaphos | Fonofos | Permethrin | Phorate | terbufos Workers United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
25. Alavanja MC, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our results show pesticides from different chemical and functional classes were associated with an excess risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and subtypes, but not all members of any single class of pesticides were associated with an elevated risk; these findings are among the first to suggest links between DDT, lindane, permethrin, diazinon and terbufos with non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. DDT | Diazinon | Lindane | Permethrin | terbufos Workers United States Details Lymphoma, Follicular | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Multiple Myeloma
26. Schlumpf M, et al. (2010). We present data on chemicals in human milk of 54 mother/child pairs, where for the first time cosmetic UV filters (sunscreens), synthetic musks, parabens, and phthalate metabolites were analyzed in the same sample along with persistent organochlor pollutants, polybrominated diphenylethers, and polychlorinated biphenyls. diet Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | Parabens | Perfume | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sunscreening Agents Infants or newborns | Mothers Switzerland milk, human 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | acetyl methyl tetramethyl tetralin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | chlorpyrifos-ethyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | enzacamene | ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | galaxolide | Heptachlor | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | homosalate | Lindane | methylparaben | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | musk ketone | musk xylene | nonachlor | octocrylene | octyl dimethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid | o,p'-DDT | oxybenzone | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | phantolid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | propylparaben | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
27. Polder A, et al. (2008). This study presents temporal changes of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and brominated flame retardants in breast milk samples from 1993-2002 in three locations in the northwest of Russia. Dioxins | Flame Retardants | Furans | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers Russian Federation milk, human 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Furans | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lindane | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
28. Hahn S, et al. (2010). Exposure to biocides from household products may contribute to induction of sensitization in the population. Disinfectants Germany 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one | 2-Propanol | Benzalkonium Compounds | Benzoates | bronopol | chloroacetamide | Chlorpyrifos | d,d-T80-prallethrin | Dichlorvos | Formaldehyde | Glutaral | Hydrogen Peroxide | phenoxyethanol | phoxim | picaridin | Sodium Hypochlorite | Thiazoles | trichloroisocyanuric acid | Triclosan | troclosene Details
29. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
30. Quandt SA, et al. (2004). During formative research, we used dust wipes to collect samples that were analyzed for a variety of pesticides. We present results of these analyses, describing the types and amounts of pesticides found in farmworker dwellings and their distribution on floor, toy, and hand surfaces in the home. Herbicides | Pesticides United States handwipe Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | DDT | Diazinon | Disulfoton | fenvalerate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Methoxychlor | oxyfluorofen | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Propoxur | Simazine Details
31. Peterson RK, et al. (2006). The objective of this study was to use reasonable worst-case risk assessment methodologies to evaluate human-health risks for West Nile virus and the insecticides most commonly used to control adult mosquitoes. Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Study subjects United States Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Details
32. Liljelind I, et al. (2003). Personal air samplers provide data with similar or superior quality to urinary metabolites as measures of exposure to these monoterpenes in sawmills and styrene in reinforced plastics factories. Monoterpenes | Styrene Workers Sweden air | urine mandelic acid | Monoterpenes | Styrene | verbenol Details
33. Neta G, et al. (2011). Our findings suggest that chlordane and permethrin concentrations in cord blood may be associated with levels of inflammatory cytokines in the fetus, but not with birthweight, length, head circumference, or gestational age. nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Pesticides | Piperonyl Butoxide Fetuses United States blood, cord CSF2 | CXCL8 | IFNG | IL10 | IL1B | IL2 | IL6 | nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | TNF Details Birth Weight | head development | interleukin-10 production | interleukin-1 beta production
34. Furlong M, et al. (2015). Farming and Movement Evaluation Study (FAME) Although sample size was limited, protective glove use and hygiene practices appeared to be important modifiers of the association between pesticides and Parkinson disease and may reduce risk of Parkinson disease associated with certain pesticides. Paraquat | Permethrin | Rotenone | Trifluralin Workers United States Details Parkinson Disease
35. Fortin MC, et al. (2008). The purpose of this research was to document the intra- and inter-individual variability in creatinine excretion rate and urinary flow rate in order to determine the relative impact of the different units of expression of pyrethroid biomarker data i) on reconstructed absorbed doses in individuals and ii) on results of comparisons of population biomonitoring data. Permethrin Children | Study subjects Canada Permethrin Details
36. Rusiecki JA, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study we evaluated the incidence of cancer among pesticide applicators exposed to permethrin in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS). Permethrin Workers United States Details Colonic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Melanoma | Multiple Myeloma | Neoplasms | Prostatic Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
37. Whyatt RM, et al. (2002). These results show widespread pesticide use and exposure during pregnancy among a cohort of African-American and Dominican women from minority communities of New York City. Pesticides Pregnant females United States air 2-phenylphenol | Aldrin | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cyfluthrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dichlorvos | Dicofol | Dieldrin | Endosulfan | Endrin | folpet | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | nonachlor | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Propoxur Details
38. Quirós-Alcalá L, et al. (2011). The frequent pesticide use reported and high detection of several home-use pesticides in house dust suggests that families would benefit from integrated pest management strategies to control pests and minimize current and future exposures. Pesticides United States dust Allethrin | bifenthrin | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | d,d-T80-prallethrin | decamethrin | Diazinon | diazoxon | fenvalerate | Malathion | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Tetrachlorvinphos Details
39. Lu C, et al. (2010). Children's Pesticide Exposure Study (CPES) | Pesticide Data Program (PDP) The frequent consumption of food commodities with episodic presence of pesticide residues that are suspected to cause developmental and neurological effects in young children supports the need for further mitigation. diet Pesticides Children United States food acephate | Azinphosmethyl | bifenthrin | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | Dimethoate | dimethoxon | ethion | fenvalerate | Malathion | methamidophos | Permethrin | phosalone | Phosmet Details
40. Galea KS, et al. (2015). We observed no evidence indicative of additional urinary pesticide biomarker excretion as a result of agricultural spray events, suggesting that sources other than local spraying are responsible for the relatively low urinary pesticide biomarkers detected in the study population. Pesticides Study subjects United Kingdom urine Captan | Chlormequat | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin Details
41. Gunier RB, et al. (2016). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) This study identified potential relationships between maternal residential proximity to agricultural use of neurotoxic pesticides and poorer neurodevelopment in children. Pesticides Children | Pregnant females United States acephate | Carbamates | Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Fungicides, Industrial | Malathion | methyl demeton | Pyrethrins Details Neurocognitive Disorders | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition
42. Richardson JR, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Epidemiologic data reveal that children aged 6-15 with detectable levels of pyrethroid metabolites in their urine were more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pyrethrins Children United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
43. Barr DB, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We report the first population-based biomonitoring data for pyrethroid metabolites for the U.S. population for the period 1999-2002. Pyrethrins Children | Study subjects United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Details
44. Adgate JL, et al. (2004). School Health Initiative Environment, Learning, and Disease (SHIELD) Biomarkers confirm that children from ethnically diverse inner city neighborhoods are exposed to various volatile organic compounds socioeconomic status Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | alpha-pinene | Benzene | beta-pinene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | limonene | Methylene Chloride | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
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