These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Honda T, et al. (2017).||National Social Life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP)||Air pollution exposures were significantly associated with increased prevalence of anemia and decreased hemoglobin levels in a cohort of older Americans; if causal, these associations could indicate that chronic air pollution exposure is an important risk factor for anemia in older adults.||age||Air Pollutants||Controls for disease:Anemia | Subjects with disease:Anemia | Study subjects||United States||air, ambient||Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter||Details||Anemia | hemoglobin biosynthetic process|
|2.||Barbosa SM, et al. (2015).||In summary, this study showed that the exposure to air pollution generated mainly from automotive fleets in a large urban center can affect the cardiovascular health of children and may promote a significant health burden on a sensitive group, such as sickle cell patients.||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide||Subjects with disease:Anemia, Sickle Cell | Children||Brazil||air||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide||Details||Cardiovascular Diseases | Pain|
|3.||Laurin LP, et al. (2014).||In our population of sickle cell patients, those using hydroxyurea were less than one-third as likely to exhibit albuminuria.||Hydroxyurea||Subjects with disease:Anemia, Sickle Cell||United States||Hydroxyurea||Details||Albuminuria|
|4.||Zolaly MA, et al. (2012).||The blood lead levels of children are affected by multiple factors. Female students have higher blood lead levels and lower hemoglobin concentration than males. The possible sources of lead exposure were use of toothpaste, use of kohl, putting colored toys in the mouth, use of both canned food and canned juice, use of lip gloss in females, and different methods of handling newspaper while preparing food.||sex||Lead||Children||Saudi Arabia||blood||Lead||Details||Anemia | hemoglobin biosynthetic process|
|5.||Menezes-Filho JA, et al. (2009).||The objective of this study was to analyze hair Manganese of children living in the vicinity of a ferro-manganese alloy production plant in the Great Salvador region, State of Bahia, Brazil and examine factors that influence this bioindicator of exposure.||Manganese||Controls for disease:Anemia | Subjects with disease:Anemia | Children||Brazil||hair||Manganese||Details|
|6.||Kponee KZ, et al. (2015).||In this cross-sectional pilot study, the first carried out in response to the United Nations Environment Programme recommendations, we observed statistically significant associations between exposure to petroleum-contaminated drinking water and self-reported symptoms consistent with exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons.||Petroleum | Water Pollutants, Chemical||Study subjects||Nigeria||Details||Anemia | Dermatitis, Irritant | Dizziness | Eye Pain | Headache | Pharyngitis|