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Disease Anencephaly

Name Anencephaly
Synonyms Absence of Brain, Congenital | Anencephalia | Anencephalias | Anencephalies, Partial | Anencephalus | Anencephaly, Hemicranial | Anencephaly, Incomplete | Anencephaly, Partial | ANPH | Aprosencephalies | Aprosencephaly | Brain Congenital Absence | Congenital Absence of Brain | Hemicranial Anencephaly | Incomplete Anencephaly | Partial Anencephalies | Partial Anencephaly
Definition A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Categories Congenital abnormality | Nervous system disease
MeSH® ID D000757
OMIM® ID 206500

Top ↑ Ancestors

1. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Nervous System Malformations Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Neural Tube Defects Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Anencephaly Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references
2. DiseasesCongenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Congenital Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Abnormalities, Severe Teratoid Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Anencephaly Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references
3. DiseasesCongenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Congenital Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Nervous System Malformations Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Neural Tube Defects Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Anencephaly Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references

Top ↑ Descendants

Anencephaly Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references
  Anencephaly and spina bifida X-linked
  Aprosencephaly and Cerebellar Dysgenesis
  Neural tube defect, folate-sensitive Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  XK aprosencephaly