These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Monrad M, et al. (2017).||Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Study (DCH)||We found long-term residential traffic-related air pollution to be associated with higher risk of atrial fibrillation.||Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions||Study subjects||Denmark||air, ambient||Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides||Details||Atrial Fibrillation|
|2.||Zhang W, et al. (1994).||We report early health effects and biological monitoring in persons occupationally exposed to tetraethyl lead in China for the years 1990-1992, including for gasoline depot workers and traffic police officers.||Air Pollutants, Occupational | Tetraethyl Lead||Workers||China||air, ambient | urine||diethyllead | Lead | triethyllead||Details||Bradycardia | Tremor|
|3.||Cui N, et al. (2016).||Long-term exposure to arsenic is associated with upregulated mRNA expression for genes AHR and CYP1A1 in the blood, and blood CYP1A1 mRNA (but not AHR mRNA) is associated with prolonged corrected QT interval.||diet||Arsenic||Study subjects||China||blood | water, drinking||AHR | Arsenic | CYP1A1||Details||Long QT Syndrome | regulation of heart rate|
|4.||Koken PJ, et al. (2003).||In summary, the results of this study in Denver suggest that ozone increases the risk of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction, coronary atherosclerosis, and pulmonary heart disease. Sulfur dioxide appears to be related to increased hospital stays for cardiac dysrhythmias, and carbon monoxide is significantly associated with congestive heart failure hospitalization.||sex||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide||Study subjects||United States||air||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Sulfur Dioxide||Details||Arrhythmias, Cardiac | Atherosclerosis | Heart Failure | Myocardial Infarction | Pulmonary Heart Disease|
|5.||Milojevic A, et al. (2014).||This study found no clear evidence for pollution effects on ST-elevation myocardial infarctions and stroke, which ultimately represent thrombogenic processes, though it did for pulmonary embolism.||age | sex||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide||Study subjects||United Kingdom||air, ambient||Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide||Details||Arrhythmias, Cardiac | Atrial Fibrillation | Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Stroke|
|6.||Zhang ZM, et al. (2009).||Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in Women's Health Initiative (EEAWHI)||Short-term Particulate Matter (aerodynamic size <=2.5 microns) exposure is associated with electrocardiogram evidence of myocardial ischemia among postmenopausal women.||sex||Particulate Matter||Study subjects||United States||air||Particulate Matter||Details||Arrhythmias, Cardiac | Myocardial Ischemia|