These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Yang JH, et al. (2012).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||The current study suggests that the background exposure to some organochlorine pesticides leads to vitamin D deficiency in humans.||beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane||Controls for disease:Chronic Disease | Subjects with disease:Chronic Disease | Study subjects||United States||serum||25-hydroxyvitamin D | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane||Details||Vitamin D Deficiency|
|2.||Min JY, et al. (2012).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||We found that increases in serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentration were associated with a significantly increased risk of high homocysteine levels and hypertension in US adults.||alcohol drinking | race | sex | socioeconomic status | tobacco||perfluorooctanoic acid||Study subjects||United States||serum||perfluorooctanoic acid||Details||Hyperhomocysteinemia | Hypertension|
|3.||Gracious BL, et al. (2012).||Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are both highly prevalent in adolescents with severe mental illness and warrants further investigation as to whether vitamin D deficiency is a mediator of illness severity, result of illness severity, or both.||Vitamin D||Controls for disease:Vitamin D Deficiency | Subjects with disease:Vitamin D Deficiency||United States||serum||25-hydroxyvitamin D||Details||Mental Disorders|
|4.||Cieslak K, et al. (2014).||This study demonstrates a relationship of low vitamin D levels with increased cellular aging in females, and also demonstrates potential sex-specific profiles among schizophrenia cases with hypovitaminosis.||sex||Vitamin D||Subjects with disease:Schizophrenia | Subjects with disease:Vitamin D Deficiency||United States||serum||Vitamin D||Details||Anhedonia | Developmental Disabilities | Psychotic Disorders | Schizophrenia | Social Communication Disorder | aggressive behavior | cell aging | regulation of telomere maintenance via telomere lengthening | social behavior|