These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Thorpe N, et al. (2005).||This hypothesis-generating study explores spatial patterns of childhood cancers in Maryland and investigates their potential associations with herbicides and nitrates in groundwater.||Atrazine | metolachlor | Nitrates||Children||United States||Details||Bone Neoplasms | Brain Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lymphoma|
|2.||Amin R, et al. (2017).||We find that gadolinium use during pregnancy is unlikely to be associated with adverse effects in infants during the neonatal period.||Gadolinium||Infants or newborns | Pregnant females||United States||blood, cord||Gadolinium||Details||Birth Weight | Bone Diseases, Metabolic | Chorioamnionitis | Diabetes, Gestational | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Enterocolitis, Necrotizing | Fetal Growth Retardation | Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal | Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced | Lung Diseases | Obstetric Labor, Premature | Oligohydramnios | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn | Retinopathy of Prematurity|
|3.||Côté S, et al. (2006).||Overall we found little evidence that organochlorines exposure is related to osteoporosis in Greenlandic Inuit women, but the hypothesis that exposure to dioxin-like compounds might be linked to decreased bone quality and osteoporosis deserves further attention.||Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls||Study subjects||Greenland||plasma||2,2',3,3',4,4',5-
|4.||Khalil N, et al. (2016).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||In a representative sample of the U.S. adult population, serum perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) concentrations were associated with lower bone mineral density, which varied according to the specific PFAS and bone site assessed.||sex||Lead | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid||Study subjects||United States||blood | serum||Lead | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid||Details||Osteoporosis | bone mineralization|