These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Choi WJ, et al. (2015).||Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)||In the present study, using a representative sample of the Korean population, we investigated the association between environmental cadmium exposure and osteoporosis in aged males, considering the obesity status.||disease||Cadmium||Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity||Korea, Republic of||blood||Cadmium||Details||Osteoporosis|
|2.||Swaddiwudhipong W, et al. (2015).||Persons living in (cadmium) contaminated areas had a significantly higher prevalence of renal dysfunction, bone mineral loss, hypertension and urinary stones than those living in non-contaminated areas. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the prevalence of diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.||Cadmium||Study subjects||Thailand||urine||Cadmium||Details||Diabetes Mellitus | Hypercholesterolemia | Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Osteoporosis | Urinary Calculi | renal system process|
|3.||Amin R, et al. (2017).||We find that gadolinium use during pregnancy is unlikely to be associated with adverse effects in infants during the neonatal period.||Gadolinium||Infants or newborns | Pregnant females||United States||blood, cord||Gadolinium||Details||Birth Weight | Bone Diseases, Metabolic | Chorioamnionitis | Diabetes, Gestational | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Enterocolitis, Necrotizing | Fetal Growth Retardation | Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal | Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced | Lung Diseases | Obstetric Labor, Premature | Oligohydramnios | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn | Retinopathy of Prematurity|
|4.||Côté S, et al. (2006).||Overall we found little evidence that organochlorines exposure is related to osteoporosis in Greenlandic Inuit women, but the hypothesis that exposure to dioxin-like compounds might be linked to decreased bone quality and osteoporosis deserves further attention.||Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls||Study subjects||Greenland||plasma||2,2',3,3',4,4',5-
|5.||Khalil N, et al. (2016).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||In a representative sample of the U.S. adult population, serum perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) concentrations were associated with lower bone mineral density, which varied according to the specific PFAS and bone site assessed.||sex||Lead | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid||Study subjects||United States||blood | serum||Lead | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid||Details||Osteoporosis | bone mineralization|