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Disease Child Development Disorders, Pervasive

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–17 of 17 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2018). Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) Some air toxics were associated with autism spectrum disorder risk and severity, including some traffic-related air pollutants and newly-reported associations, but other previously reported associations with metals and volatile organic compounds were not reproducible. 1,4-dioxane | 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate | 4-dichlorobenzene | benzidine | bromoform | Carbon Disulfide | chlorobenzene | Dibenzofurans | methyl tert-butyl ether | propionaldehyde | Urethane Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
2. Hertz-Picciotto I, et al. (2011). Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) Children with autism/autism spectrum disorder and developmental delay were similar to typically developing controls for all polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners, but levels were high for all three groups. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Controls for disease:Developmental Disabilities | Subjects with disease:Developmental Disabilities United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
3. Braun JM, et al. (2014). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We used a semi-Bayesian hierarchical regression model to estimate associations between prenatal blood or urine concentrations of 52 suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals and autistic behaviors at 4 and 5 years of age in a prospective birth cohort of 175 mothers and their children. socioeconomic status | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
4. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Lyall K, et al. (2018). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) Results from this large case-control study with prospectively collected prenatal measurements do not support the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances is positively associated with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability
6. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
7. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
8. Volk HE, et al. (2011). Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) Autism was also associated with residential proximity to a freeway during the third trimester. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States Details Autistic Disorder
9. Chen G, et al. (2018). Exposures to air pollutant particulate matter (PM1, PM2.5 and PM10) during the first three years of life were associated with the increased risk of autism spectrum disorder and there appeared to be stronger effects of ambient pollution in the second and the third years after birth. age Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children China air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
10. Nevison CD. (2014). Temporal trends in autism were constructed both by tracking prevalence at a constant age in a series of historical IDEA reports and by computing prevalence from age-resolved snapshots in individual, recent IDEA reports. Aluminum | glyphosate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Vehicle Emissions Children United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
11. Sagiv SK, et al. (2018). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) These findings contribute mixed evidence linking organophosphate pesticide exposures with traits related to developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorders. Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Malathion | methyl demeton | Organophosphates | Pesticides Children | Pregnant females United States urine Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Malathion | methyl demeton | Organophosphates | Pesticides Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
12. Blaurock-Busch E, et al. (2011). We assessed a spectrum of trace elements and heavy metals in hair and urine of both autistic and control groups to focus on the participants' past and present exposure. Elements | Metals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Saudi Arabia hair | urine Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Bismuth | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Cesium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Gallium | Germanium | Iodine | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Palladium | Platinum | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Tin | Titanium | Tungsten | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc | Zirconium Details
13. Rahbar MH, et al. (2015). Jamaican Autism Study In univariable general linear models, we found a significant difference between geometric mean blood lead concentrations of autism spectrum disorder cases and controls; however, after controlling for potential confounders, there were no significant differences, and our results do not support an association between blood lead and autism spectrum disorder in Jamaican children. Lead Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Jamaica blood Lead Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
14. Rahbar MH, et al. (2014). Jamaican Autism Study Our study results found no statistically significant association between blood manganese concentrations and Autism Spectrum Disorder status. Manganese Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Jamaica blood Manganese Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
15. Hertz-Picciotto I, et al. (2010). After accounting for dietary and other differences in mercury exposures, total mercury in blood was neither elevated nor reduced in CHARGE study preschoolers with autism or autism spectrum disorder compared with unaffected controls, and resembled those of nationally representative samples. Mercury Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Controls for disease:Developmental Disabilities | Subjects with disease:Developmental Disabilities United States blood Mercury Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
16. Al-Farsi YM, et al. (2013). This study documents the levels of heavy metals and essential minerals in hair samples of children with autism spectrum disorders in Muscat (Oman), and corroborates previous studies in different parts of the world indicating the presence of elevated levels of heavy metals and selective depletion of essential minerals in the hair of children with autism spectrum disorders. disease Metals, Heavy | Minerals Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children Oman hair Aluminum | Barium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Phosphorus | Potassium | Silicon | Sodium | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
17. Gong T, et al. (2017). Among children born between 1993 and 2007 in Stockholm County, we found that pre- and postnatal exposure to either nitrogen oxides or particulate matter with diameter <=10 microns was not associated with autism spectrum disorders overall, with or without intellectual disability. Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Fetuses | Infants or newborns Sweden air Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
1–17 of 17 results.