These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Dallaire F, et al. (2004).||These results show a possible association between prenatal exposure to organochlorines and acute infections early in life in this Inuit population.||2,4,5,2',4',5'-
||Infants or newborns | Mothers||Canada||plasma||2,4,5,2',4',5'-
||Details||Gastrointestinal Diseases | Otitis Media | Respiratory Tract Infections|
|2.||Sanders AP, et al. (2014).||In the present study we examined private well water levels of arsenic, cadmium, manganese, and lead across North Carolina, and used a semi-ecologic study design to estimate the association between metal levels and specific birth defect phenotypes.||Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese||Infants or newborns||United States||Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese||Details||Cleft Lip | Congenital Microtia | Conotruncal cardiac defects | Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome | Pyloric Stenosis|
|3.||Bluhm EC, et al. (2007).||There was little consistent evidence for an association of synthetic hair dye use with glioma, meningioma, or acoustic neuroma; however, prolonged use of dark-colored permanent dyes warrants further investigation given the high prevalence of hair dyeing.||Hair Dyes||Subjects with disease:Glioma | Subjects with disease:Meningioma | Subjects with disease:Neuroma, Acoustic||United States||Details||Glioma | Meningioma | Neuroma, Acoustic|
|4.||Crawford JM, et al. (2008).||Agricultural Health Study (AHS)||Although control for exposure to noise or other neurotoxicants was limited, this study extends previous reports suggesting that organophosphate exposure increases risk of hearing loss.||Organophosphates||Workers||United States||Details||Hearing Loss|