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Disease Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–49 of 49 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Rull RP, et al. (2006). Data on two case-control study populations of infants with neural tube defects (NTDs) and nonmalformed controls delivered in California between 1987 and 1991 were pooled to investigate whether maternal residential proximity to applications of specific pesticides or physicochemical groups of pesticides during early gestation increases the risk of these malformations. 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Amides | Benomyl | Benzimidazoles | Captan | Chlorpyrifos | devrinol | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | Methomyl | methyl carbamate | methyl demeton | Naled | Organophosphorus Compounds | vendex Infants or newborns United States 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Amides | Benomyl | Benzimidazoles | Captan | Chlorpyrifos | devrinol | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | Methomyl | methyl carbamate | methyl demeton | Naled | Organophosphorus Compounds | vendex Details Anencephaly | Neural Tube Defects | Spinal Dysraphism
3. Main KM, et al. (2007). Two different proxies were used for prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ethers exposure, and levels in breast milk, but not in placenta, showed an association with congenital cryptorchidism. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers Denmark|Finland milk, human | placenta 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Cryptorchidism
4. Lopez-Espinosa MJ, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project To our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association between prenatal exposure to some polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene and fetal growth: abdominal circumference during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, and biparietal diameter and femur length later in pregnancy. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 Details Fetal Growth Retardation
5. Munger R, et al. (1997). We conclude that communities in southern Iowa with drinking water supplies contaminated with herbicides have elevated rates of intrauterine growth retardation compared to neighboring communities with different water supplies. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane Pregnant females United States water, drinking 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane | Xylenes Details Fetal Growth Retardation
6. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
7. Cordier S, et al. (2004). Several groups of congenital anomalies, in particular obstructive uropathies, appear to occur more often than expected in populations living around municipal solid waste incinerators. Air Pollutants Study subjects France Details Abnormalities, Drug-Induced | Congenital Abnormalities | Skin Abnormalities
8. Li Z, et al. (2011). Compared with women with no indoor air pollution from coal combustion exposure, women with any exposure at all had a 60% increased risk of having a child with an neural tube defects. An increased risk was linked to both residential heating and cooking. This is the first known study to link indoor air pollution from coal combustion to neural tube defects. Air Pollutants | Coal | Smoke Study subjects China Details Neural Tube Defects
9. Liu CB, et al. (2016). Our findings suggest some positive associations between maternal exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM10) during the first two months of pregnancy and fetal cardiovascular malformations. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females China air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Abnormalities | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Heart Septal Defects, Atrial | Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular | Tetralogy of Fallot
10. Pearce MS, et al. (2012). Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) Association was observed between socio-economic deprivation and particulate matter on birth weight, with increasing effects of particulate matter in reducing birth weight seen with increasing socio-economic disadvantage. socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Pregnant females United Kingdom air Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
11. Al-Sabbak M, et al. (2012). Our data suggested that birth defects in the Iraqi cities of Al Basrah and Fallujah are mainly folate-dependent. This knowledge offers possible treatment options and remediation plans for at-risk Iraqi populations. Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Study subjects Brazil|Canada|
Ethiopia|India|
Iraq|Mexico|
Norway|Pakistan|
Poland|Spain|
Turkey|United States
hair | nail | tooth Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Thorium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
12. Fénichel P, et al. (2012). The presence of unconjugated bisphenol A in all cord blood samples suggests placental transfer and fetal exposure. Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Controls for disease:Cryptorchidism | Subjects with disease:Cryptorchidism | Infants or newborns France blood, cord Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Details
13. Brough HA, et al. (2015). Consortium of Food Allergy Research Observational Study (CoFAR) Exposure to peanut antigen in dust through an impaired skin barrier in atopically inflamed skin is a plausible route for peanut skin sensitization and peanut allergy. diet | disease Antigens, Plant Children | Subjects with disease:Dermatitis, Atopic United States dust Antigens, Plant Details Peanut Hypersensitivity
14. Cui N, et al. (2016). Long-term exposure to arsenic is associated with upregulated mRNA expression for genes AHR and CYP1A1 in the blood, and blood CYP1A1 mRNA (but not AHR mRNA) is associated with prolonged corrected QT interval. diet Arsenic Study subjects China blood | water, drinking AHR | Arsenic | CYP1A1 Details Long QT Syndrome | regulation of heart rate
15. Zhang A, et al. (2007). The results showed that long-term Arsenic exposure may be associated with damage of chromosomes and DNA, gene mutations, gene deletions, and alterations of DNA synthesis and repair ability. Arsenic Subjects with disease:Carcinoma | Subjects with disease:Ichthyosis | Subjects with disease:Precancerous Conditions | Study subjects China hair | urine Arsenic Details Arsenic Poisoning | DNA biosynthetic process | DNA repair | gene expression
16. Mumford JL, et al. (2007). We found significant association between chronic arsenic exposure and QT interval prolongation in a human population. sex Arsenic Study subjects China nail Arsenic Details Cardiovascular Abnormalities | regulation of heart contraction
17. Sanders AP, et al. (2014). In the present study we examined private well water levels of arsenic, cadmium, manganese, and lead across North Carolina, and used a semi-ecologic study design to estimate the association between metal levels and specific birth defect phenotypes. Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese Infants or newborns United States Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese Details Cleft Lip | Congenital Microtia | Conotruncal cardiac defects | Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome | Pyloric Stenosis
18. Pierik FH, et al. (2007). Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) These results provide little support for an association of cryptorchidism with exposure to low levels of heptachlor epoxide or hexachlorobenzene. For beta-hexachlorocyclohexane the findings were somewhat suggestive of an association but were inconclusive. beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Heptachlor Epoxide | Hexachlorobenzene Pregnant females United States serum beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Heptachlor Epoxide | Hexachlorobenzene Details Cryptorchidism
19. Wright JM, et al. (2017). This is the first epidemiological study of birth defects and disinfection by-products (DBPs) to examine several individual cardiovascular defects, different exposure surrogate mixtures (sum of chloroform, bromoform, bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane (THM4), brominated trihalomethanes, sum of monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid, and dibromoacetic acid (HAA5), sum of THM4 and HAA5, and various individual DBP species. sex bromoacetate | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chloroacetic acid | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | dibromoacetic acid | Dichloroacetic Acid | Trichloroacetic Acid Fetuses | Pregnant females United States water, drinking Acetates | bromoacetate | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chloroacetic acid | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | dibromoacetic acid | Dichloroacetic Acid | Trichloroacetic Acid | Trihalomethanes Details Cardiovascular Abnormalities | Heart Septal Defects, Atrial | Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular | Pulmonary Valve Stenosis | Tetralogy of Fallot | Transposition of Great Vessels
20. Infante-Rivard C. (2004). These findings suggest that exposure to trihalomethanes at the highest levels can affect fetal growth but only in genetically susceptible newborns. genetics bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Subjects with gene influence:CYP2E1 | Controls for disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Subjects with disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Infants or newborns | Mothers | Subjects with gene influence:MTHFR Canada bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
21. Kippler M, et al. (2012). We found evidence of a sex difference in the association between maternal cadmium exposure and birth size, which was apparent only in girls. sex Cadmium Fetuses | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Cadmium Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
22. Barbosa SM, et al. (2015). In summary, this study showed that the exposure to air pollution generated mainly from automotive fleets in a large urban center can affect the cardiovascular health of children and may promote a significant health burden on a sensitive group, such as sickle cell patients. Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Subjects with disease:Anemia, Sickle Cell | Children Brazil air Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Pain
23. Gilboa SM, et al. (2005). A population-based case-control study investigated the association between maternal exposure to air pollutants, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter <10 microns in aerodynamic diameter during weeks 3-8 of pregnancy and the risk of selected cardiac birth defects and oral clefts in livebirths and fetal deaths between 1997 and 2000 in seven Texas counties. sex Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Children United States Details Cleft Lip | Cleft Palate | Conotruncal cardiac defects | Endocardial Cushion Defects | Heart Septal Defects, Atrial | Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular | Tetralogy of Fallot
24. Wylie BJ, et al. (2017). Prenatal Iron Supplements Study Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to inhaled particulate matter and carbon monoxide may be associated with fetal thrombosis in a dose-dependent matter. Carbon Monoxide | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Pregnant females Tanzania, United Republic of air Carbon Monoxide | Particulate Matter Details Chorioamnionitis | Thrombosis | inflammatory response
25. Amegah AK, et al. (2012). Maternal use of charcoal as a cooking fuel during pregnancy and burning of garbage at home are strong determinants of average fetal growth and risk of low birth weight. Charcoal Infants or newborns Ghana Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
26. Pedersen M, et al. (2016). Transport-related Air Pollution and Health impacts-Integrated Methodologies for Assessing Particulate Matter (TRANSPHORM) Sulfur in both particulate matter <= 2.5 and <= 10 microns (PM2.5 and PM10) and nickel in PM2.5 were associated with an increased risk of term low birth weight, reduced birth weight, and smaller birth head circumference. Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark|Germany|
Italy|Lithuania|
Netherlands|Spain|
Sweden
Copper | Iron | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
27. Shirangi A, et al. (2014). Health Risks of Australian Veterinarians Study (HRAV) This study suggests that the adverse effects of handling cytotoxic drugs in pregnant women may include an increased risk of birth defects. Cytotoxins Pregnant females Australia Details Congenital Abnormalities | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
28. Bentov Y, et al. (2006). Residential proximity to the IP is associated with increased rates of MCM among Arab-Beduin but not in Jewish populations. Environmental Pollutants | Hazardous Waste Infants or newborns Israel Details Congenital Abnormalities
29. Hutson JR, et al. (2012). Our results demonstrate that chronic and heavy alcohol use in pregnancy impairs folate transport to the fetus. Altered folate concentrations within the placenta and in the fetus may in part contribute to the deficits observed in the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. alcohol drinking Ethanol Fetuses | Pregnant females Canada plasma | plasma, cord Folic Acid Details Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders | transport
30. Fan H, et al. (2014). C8 Health Project (C8HP) Using 2005-2006 data from a large perfluorocarbon (PFC)-exposure population survey, we compared serum PFCs concentrations between Gilbert Syndrome (GS) and non GS clinical phenotypes, in a cross sectional design, adjusting for standard risk factors, including age, body mass index, smoking status, socioeconomic status and gender. sex Fluorocarbons | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorohexanoic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid Controls for disease:Gilbert Disease | Subjects with disease:Gilbert Disease | Study subjects United States serum Fluorocarbons | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorohexanoic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid Details Gilbert Disease
31. Amin R, et al. (2017). We find that gadolinium use during pregnancy is unlikely to be associated with adverse effects in infants during the neonatal period. Gadolinium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States blood, cord Gadolinium Details Birth Weight | Bone Diseases, Metabolic | Chorioamnionitis | Diabetes, Gestational | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Enterocolitis, Necrotizing | Fetal Growth Retardation | Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal | Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced | Lung Diseases | Obstetric Labor, Premature | Oligohydramnios | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn | Retinopathy of Prematurity
32. Gilbreath S, et al. (2006). This retrospective cohort study evaluated adverse birth outcomes in infants whose birth records indicated maternal residence in villages containing dumpsites potentially hazardous to health and environment. age | alcohol drinking | race | socioeconomic status | tobacco Hazardous Waste Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
33. Chevrier C, et al. (2011). PELAGIE This study is the first to assess associations of birth outcomes with multiple urinary biomarkers of exposure to triazine and chloroacetanilide herbicides. Evidence of associations with adverse birth outcomes raises particular concerns for countries where atrazine is still in use. Herbicides Fetuses | Pregnant females France urine 2,6-diethylaniline | acetochlor | alachlor | ammeline | Atrazine | atrazine mercapturate | Creatinine | desethylatrazine | metolachlor | Simazine Details Congenital Abnormalities | Fetal Growth Retardation | Pregnancy Complications | head development
34. Schreinemachers DM. (2003). Results from this study indicate that in rural, agricultural counties where wheat acreage occupies a larger percentage of the land and where use of chlorophenoxy herbicides is higher, anomalies of the circulatory/respiratory and musculoskeletal/integumental system significantly increased. sex Herbicides Infants or newborns United States Details Congenital Abnormalities
35. Cooney MA, et al. (2007). The study confirms earlier reports of a slightly increased risk for Wilms tumor among those exposed to residential insecticides during pregnancy through early childhood. Insecticides Infants or newborns | Controls for disease:Wilms Tumor | Subjects with disease:Wilms Tumor Canada|United States Details Wilms Tumor
36. Savabieasfahani M, et al. (2015). Exposure to mixtures of metals that can result from high-temperature explosions of war may have additive or synergistic effects that can alter toxicity, especially in developing children; a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders are appearing in Iraqi cities where bombing and military events have led to increased public exposures to toxic metals. Magnesium | Metals | Titanium Children | Controls for disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Subjects with disease:Congenital Abnormalities | Controls for disease:Neurodevelopmental Disorders | Subjects with disease:Neurodevelopmental Disorders Iran, Islamic Republic of|Iraq hair Aluminum | Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Selenium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
37. Grandjean P, et al. (2010). These findings suggest that developmental exposure to immunotoxicants may both increase and decrease the risk of allergic disease and that associations between breast-feeding and subsequent allergic disease in children may, at least in part, reflect lactational exposure to immunotoxic food contaminants. Mercury | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Mothers | Pregnant females Faroe Islands blood | blood, cord | hair | milk, human | serum Mercury | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Asthma | Dermatitis, Atopic | immunoglobulin production
38. Philippat C, et al. (2014). EDEN Our study suggested associations between prenatal exposure to parabens and triclosan and prenatal or early postnatal growth; however, we relied on only one spot urine sample to assess exposure, and because of the high variability in phenol urinary concentrations reported during pregnancy, using only one sample may result in exposure misclassification (in particular for bisphenol A). methylparaben | Phenols | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | head development
39. Iñiguez C, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Maternal exposure to nitrogen dioxide in early pregnancy was associated with reduced fetal growth based on ultrasound measures of growth during pregnancy and measures of size at birth. tobacco Nitrogen Dioxide Pregnant females Spain air Nitrogen Dioxide Details Fetal Growth Retardation
40. Scheers H, et al. (2011). Even in an affluent region in Western Europe, where infant mortality is low, days with higher Particulate Matter air pollution are associated with an increased risk of infant mortality. Particulate Matter Infants or newborns Belgium Particulate Matter Details Chromosome Aberrations | Congenital Abnormalities
41. Stieb DM, et al. (2016). This study, based on approximately 3 million births across Canada and employing particulate matter <=2.5 microns (PM2.5) estimates from a national spatiotemporal model, provides further evidence linking PM2.5 and pregnancy outcomes. Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects Canada Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth
42. Hao Y, et al. (2016). Our study provided additional evidence on the associations between particulate matter <=2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter exposure during pregnancy and term low birth weight from a national perspective. Particulate Matter Pregnant females United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Fetal Growth Retardation
43. Toft G, et al. (2016). Environmental perfluorooctane sulfonate exposure was associated with steroid hormone and INSL3 concentrations in amniotic fluid, but was not associated with cryptorchidism or hypospadias in our study population. perfluorooctane sulfonic acid Pregnant females Denmark amniotic fluid 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone | Androstenedione | Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate | Hydrocortisone | INSL3 | Progesterone | Testosterone Details Cryptorchidism | Hypospadias | regulation of gene expression | regulation of testosterone biosynthetic process
44. Min JY, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We found that increases in serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentration were associated with a significantly increased risk of high homocysteine levels and hypertension in US adults. alcohol drinking | race | sex | socioeconomic status | tobacco perfluorooctanoic acid Study subjects United States serum perfluorooctanoic acid Details Hyperhomocysteinemia | Hypertension
45. Carmichael SL, et al. (2016). This study indicates that babies with genetic variants and maternal pesticide exposures who were previously identified as associated with increased risk of hypospadias were at two- to fourfold increased risk of hypospadias. genetics Pesticides Subjects with gene influence:DGKK | Controls for disease:Hypospadias | Subjects with disease:Hypospadias | Infants or newborns United States Details Hypospadias
46. Colvin L, et al. (2012). Children born to mothers using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor were more likely to be admitted to a hospital in the first years of life, and although the numbers of deaths in the first year of life were small, the increased risk is a new finding and should be investigated further. Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors Pregnant females Australia Details Death | Fetal Diseases
47. Xia W, et al. (2016). The results of the present study suggest that prenatal exposure to the current levels of thallium encountered today in China may potentially increase the risk of delivering low birth weight infants. Thallium Study subjects China urine Thallium Details Fetal Growth Retardation
48. Hwang BF, et al. (2008). The present study suggests that prenatal exposure to disinfection by-products increases the risk of ventricular septal defects, cleft palate, and anencephalus. Trihalomethanes Infants or newborns Taiwan, Province of China Trihalomethanes Details Anencephaly | Cleft Palate | Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular
49. Thun MJ, et al. (1982). Families exposed to urea-formaldehyde foam insulation reported no increase in the overall incidence of symptoms, but did report a significant excess of two specific symptoms, 'burning skin' and 'wheezing or difficulty breathing'. urea formaldehyde foam Study subjects United States Details Pain | Respiratory Sounds | Skin Abnormalities
1–49 of 49 results.