These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Arora M, et al. (2009).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||In the present study, we found that environmental Cadmium (Cd) exposure, as measured by creatinine-corrected urine Cd concentration, was associated with increased odds of prevalent periodontal disease in U.S. adults.||tobacco||Cadmium||Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Controls for disease:Periodontal Diseases | Subjects with disease:Periodontal Diseases | Controls for disease:Renal Insufficiency | Subjects with disease:Renal Insufficiency | Study subjects||United States||urine||Cadmium||Details||Periodontal Diseases|
|2.||Arora M, et al. (2009).||Normative Aging Study (NAS)||Long-term cumulative lead exposure is associated with increased odds of tooth loss.||Lead||Study subjects||United States||blood | patella | tibia||Lead||Details||Tooth Loss|