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Disease Poliomyelitis

Name Poliomyelitis
Synonyms Acute Poliomyelitis | Acute Poliomyelitis, Epidemic | Encephalitis, Polio | Epidemic Acute Poliomyelitis | Infantile Paralysis | Nonpoliovirus Poliomyelitis | Paralysis, Infantile | Polio | Polio Encephalitis | Poliomyelitides, Preparalytic | Poliomyelitis, Acute | Poliomyelitis, Epidemic Acute | Poliomyelitis, Nonpoliovirus | Poliomyelitis, Preparalytic | Polios | Preparalytic Poliomyelitis
Definition An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
Categories Nervous system disease | Viral disease
MeSH® ID D011051
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1. DiseasesVirus Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references RNA Virus Infections Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Picornaviridae Infections Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Enterovirus Infections Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Poliomyelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
2. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Central Nervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Central Nervous System Infections Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Myelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Poliomyelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
3. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Central Nervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Spinal Cord Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Myelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Poliomyelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
4. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Neuromuscular Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Poliomyelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes

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Poliomyelitis Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Poliomyelitis, Bulbar
  Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome