These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Wu EW, et al. (2014).||National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)||In a representative sample of US adults from the combined 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 NHANES cycles, higher levels of blood and urinary cadmium were associated with an increased risk of age-related macular degeneration.||race||Cadmium | Lead||Controls for disease:Macular Degeneration | Subjects with disease:Macular Degeneration | Study subjects||United States||blood | urine||Cadmium | Lead||Details||Macular Degeneration|
|2.||Kamel F, et al. (2000).||Agricultural Health Study (AHS)||These results suggest that exposure to some fungicides and insecticides may increase risk of retinal degeneration.||Carbamates | Fungicides, Industrial | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Organophosphates||Controls for disease:Retinal Degeneration | Subjects with disease:Retinal Degeneration | Workers||United States||Details||Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Retinal Degeneration|
|3.||Amin R, et al. (2017).||We find that gadolinium use during pregnancy is unlikely to be associated with adverse effects in infants during the neonatal period.||Gadolinium||Infants or newborns | Pregnant females||United States||blood, cord||Gadolinium||Details||Birth Weight | Bone Diseases, Metabolic | Chorioamnionitis | Diabetes, Gestational | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Enterocolitis, Necrotizing | Fetal Growth Retardation | Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal | Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced | Lung Diseases | Obstetric Labor, Premature | Oligohydramnios | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn | Retinopathy of Prematurity|
|4.||Kirrane EF, et al. (2005).||Agricultural Health Study (AHS)||These findings suggest that exposure to some fungicides and other pesticides may increase the risk of retinal degeneration and warrant further investigation.||mancozeb | Maneb | Ziram||Study subjects||United States||Details||Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Retinal Degeneration|