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Disease Signs and Symptoms

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 131 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Controls for disease:Intellectual Disability | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
3. Valvi D, et al. (2012). Menorca Asthma Multicentre Infants Cohort Study-Infancia y Medio Ambiente (AMICS-INMA) This study suggests that prenatal organochlorine compound exposures may be associated with overweight in children and that sex and high-fat intake may influence susceptibility. diet | sex 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Infants or newborns Spain blood, cord 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight
4. Valvi D, et al. (2014). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project We found that prenatal exposure to dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene and hexachlorobenzene is associated with rapid growth in the first 6 months of life and subsequent overweight at 14 months of age. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight | growth
5. Herbstman JB, et al. (2010). This epidemiologic study demonstrates neurodevelopmental effects in relation to cord blood polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations. 2,2',4,4',5,6'-hexabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether Infants or newborns United States blood, cord 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | PBB 153 | pentabromodiphenyl ether Details Intellectual Disability | Psychomotor Disorders | cognition
6. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
7. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | imazethapyr | Lindane | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
8. Marfo JT, et al. (2015). Urinary N-desmethylacetamiprid can be used as a biomarker for environmental exposure to acetamiprid, and detection of N-desmethylacetamiprid was associated with increased prevalence of neurological symptoms. acetamiprid | Insecticides Controls for disease:Neurologic Manifestations | Subjects with disease:Neurologic Manifestations Japan urine ((E)-1-(2-chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-ylmethyl)-3-methyl-2-nitroguanidine) | N-desmethylacetamiprid | nitenpyram | thiacloprid | thiamethoxam Details Neurologic Manifestations
9. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
10. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
11. Hansen AB, et al. (2016). Danish Nurse Cohort We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and diabetes incidence; non-smokers, obese subjects, and cardiovascular disease patients may be most susceptible to development of diabetes related to air pollution. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus
12. Velická H, et al. (2015). These results suggest moderately strong associations between air pollutant concentrations and respiratory difficulties among asthmatic children and adolescents. disease Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Czech Republic air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Respiratory Sounds
13. Clemente DB, et al. (2016). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Our results suggest that changes in mitochondrial DNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Spain air, ambient | placenta ND1 | Nitrogen Dioxide Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
14. Barraza-Villarreal A, et al. (2008). Exposure to particulate matter <= 2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter resulted in acute airway inflammation and decrease in lung function in both asthmatic and nonasthmatic children. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Mexico air Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory | regulation of inflammatory response
15. Baja ES, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Traffic-related pollutants may increase heart-rate-corrected QT interval among persons with diabetes, persons who are obese, and nonsmoking elderly individuals; and the number of genetic variants related to oxidative stress increases this effect. disease | genetics | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:HFE | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction
16. Liu MM, et al. (2013). This large epidemiologic study of Chinese children confirmed that indoor air pollution from home renovation, coal stoves, passive smoking, and other risk factors was harmful to the respiratory system. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Children China air Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Rhinitis, Allergic
17. Morgenstern V, et al. (2007). We estimated long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants: significant associations were found between particulate matter PM2.5 and sneezing, runny/stuffed nose during the first and second years of life, and between nitrogen dioxide and dry cough at night (or bronchitis) during the first year of life. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects Germany air, outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Bronchitis | Cough | Sneezing
18. Reibman J, et al. (2009). World Trade Center Environmental Health Center (WTC EHC) Residents and local workers as well as those with work-associated exposure to WTC dust have new and persistent respiratory symptoms with lung function abnormalities 5 or more years after the World Trade Center destruction. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States Details Dyspnea
19. Pearce MS, et al. (2012). Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) Association was observed between socio-economic deprivation and particulate matter on birth weight, with increasing effects of particulate matter in reducing birth weight seen with increasing socio-economic disadvantage. socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Pregnant females United Kingdom air Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
20. Breton CV, et al. (2012). Children's Health Study (CHS) Particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure was associated with percent DNA methylation of several CpG loci in NOS2 gene, suggesting an epigenetic mechanism through which these pollutants may alter production of nitric oxide. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Children | Subjects with disease:Respiratory Sounds United States air, ambient | mouth mucosa NOS2 | Particulate Matter Details Respiratory Sounds | DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence | regulation of DNA methylation
21. Kloog I, et al. (2012). Exposure to particulate matter (PM 2.5) during the last month of pregnancy contributes to risks for lower birth weight and preterm birth in infants. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States air, outdoor Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Premature Birth
22. Ryan PH, et al. (2007). Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air Pollution Study (CCAAPS) We derived a marker of diesel combustion (elemental carbon attributable to traffic sources, ECAT) from ambient monitoring results of particulate matter, and levels of ECAT from 0.30 to 0.90 micrograms per cubic meter were significantly associated with infant wheezing. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Infants or newborns United States air, ambient Carbon Details Respiratory Sounds
23. Rancière F, et al. (2017). Pollution and Asthma Risk: an Infant Study (PARIS) This study supports the hypothesis that all preschool children are not equal regarding traffic-related air pollution health effects: parental history of allergy, stressful family events, and male gender may increase their susceptibility to adverse respiratory effects. age | sex Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Children France air, ambient Nitrogen Oxides Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis
24. Andersson M, et al. (2011). Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) This study showed that already at low levels of exposure, vehicle traffic is related to an increased risk of wheeze among children. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Children Sweden Details Asthma | Respiratory Sounds
25. Zhang W, et al. (1994). We report early health effects and biological monitoring in persons occupationally exposed to tetraethyl lead in China for the years 1990-1992, including for gasoline depot workers and traffic police officers. Air Pollutants, Occupational | Tetraethyl Lead Workers China air, ambient | urine diethyllead | Lead | triethyllead Details Bradycardia | Tremor
26. Starks SE, et al. (2012). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study provides some evidence that long-term exposure to organophosphate pesticides is associated with signs of impaired peripheral nervous system function among pesticide applicators. Aldicarb | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Dichlorvos | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | ethoprop | Fonofos | Phosmet | phostebupirim | Tetrachlorvinphos Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Gait Disorders, Neurologic | Neurologic Manifestations | Reflex, Abnormal | Somatosensory Disorders | Tremor
27. Belanger K, et al. (2003). In a cohort of 849 infants with an asthmatic sibling, the authors examined the relations of exposure to allergens (dust mite, cockroach, cat, and dog), nitrogen dioxide, and mold with symptoms of wheeze and persistent cough in the first year of life (1998-2000). disease | race | sex | socioeconomic status allergen Bla g 1 | Allergens | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns United States Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds
28. Tischer C, et al. (2016). Lifestyle-Related factors on the Immune System and the Development of Allergies in Childhood plus the influence of traffic emissions and genetics (LISAplus) We observed a significant reduced risk for developing specific allergic sensitization to aeroallergens in early childhood after exposure to higher fungal diversity around birth, but with attenuated effects until later childhood. Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Children Germany dust Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Details Respiratory Hypersensitivity | Respiratory Sounds | sensitization
29. Raqib R, et al. (2009). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) The findings suggest that in utero arsenic exposure impaired child thymic development and enhanced morbidity (probably via immunosuppression), and the effect seemed to be partially gender dependent; arsenic exposure also affected breast milk content of trophic factors and maternal morbidity. sex Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea | Fever | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections | interleukin-7 production | thymus development
30. Rahman A, et al. (2011). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Our results show that the mothers' education, socioeconomic status, and body mass index were associated with urinary arsenic concentrations, and that arsenic exposure in pregnancy increases the risk of lower respiratory tract infection and diarrhea during infancy in Bangladesh. body mass index | socioeconomic status Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea, Infantile | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections
31. Rahman A, et al. (2009). At a low level of arsenic exposure, we observed a significant negative dose effect of prenatal arsenic exposure on birth weight, head circumference, and chest circumference. Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenic Details Birth Weight
32. Fei DL, et al. (2013). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) We identified the expression of AQP9 as a potential fetal biomarker for arsenic exposure; as well, we identified a positive association between the placental expression of phospholipase ENPP2 and infant birth weight; these findings suggest a path by which arsenic may affect birth outcomes. Arsenic Pregnant females United States placenta | urine | water, drinking AQP9 | Arsenicals | Arsenic | ENPP2 Details Birth Weight
33. Ahmed S, et al. (2011). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) These findings suggest that effects of arsenic on immune function may contribute to impaired fetal and infant health. Arsenic Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Birth Weight | cellular response to oxidative stress | interleukin-1 beta production | positive regulation of inflammatory response | positive regulation of interferon-gamma production | positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production
34. Farzan SF, et al. (2016). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) In utero arsenic exposure was associated with a higher risk of infection during the first year of life in our study population, particularly infections requiring medical treatment, and with diarrhea and respiratory symptoms. age Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic Details Cough | Diarrhea, Infantile | Fever | Infection | Respiratory Sounds
35. Igra AM, et al. (2016). We found that serum boron concentrations were inversely associated with birth size (length and weight), and the impact of boron appeared stronger when restricted to the third trimester, when the serum boron concentrations were the highest. Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
36. Kippler M, et al. (2013). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) We find that cadmium exposure in early life appears to alter DNA methylation differently in girls and boys, and this is consistent with previous findings of sex-specific cadmium toxicity; additionally, cadmium-related changes in methylation were also related to lower birth weight. sex Arsenic | Cadmium Children | Infants or newborns | Mothers | Pregnant females Bangladesh blood | urine APBB3 | Arsenicals | BCCIP | Cadmium | CD70 | GAP43 | GDPD1 | HIST1H4L | HRASLS2 | MYO1H | PAX9 | PTPRN2 | PTTG1 | SRP14 | STK10 | TBCD | THSD7A | TMEM179 Details Birth Weight | DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence
37. Wasserman GA, et al. (2007). Exposure to arsenic from drinking water was associated with reduced intellectual function before and after adjusting for water manganese for blood lead levels, and for sociodemographic features. diet Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Children Bangladesh blood | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Details Arsenic Poisoning | Learning Disorders
38. Padilla MA, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study utilized the NHANES 1999-2002 data to explore the association between waist circumference and body mass index with the body burdens of selected toxic metals (barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten). Some of the associations were significant direct relationships (barium and thallium), and some of the associations were significant inverse relationships (cadmium, cobalt, cesium, and lead). body mass index Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Study subjects United States Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Details Obesity
39. Bhandari R, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a representative sample of children, urinary bisphenol A was associated with obesity, predominantly in non-Hispanic white boys, independent of major risk factors. race | sex bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
40. Shankar A, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a contemporary general population sample of US adults, we found that higher urinary bisphenol A positively associated with obesity in the whole population as well as in subgroup analysis by gender and race/ethnicity. bisphenol A Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
41. Hoepner LA, et al. (2016). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Analyses of the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health longitudinal birth cohort found associations between prenatal urinary bisphenol A concentrations and fat mass index, % body fat and waist circumference. sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | adipose tissue development
42. Carwile JL, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this cross-sectional analysis of pooled 2003-2006 NHANES, urinary bisphenol A was associated with general and central obesity. age | race | sex | tobacco bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity, Abdominal | Obesity
43. Valvi D, et al. (2013). This study provides some evidence for an association between prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity-related outcomes in childhood, although not in infancy. The large uncertainties in BPA exposure assessment require that findings be interpreted with caution. age bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
44. Melzer D, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure, reflected in higher urinary concentrations of BPA, is consistently associated with reported heart disease in the general adult population of the USA. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Angina Pectoris | Coronary Disease | Diabetes Mellitus | Myocardial Infarction | alkaline phosphatase activity | lactate dehydrogenase activity
45. Braun JM, et al. (2009). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) These results suggest that prenatal bisphenol A exposure may be associated with externalizing behaviors in 2-year-old children, especially among female children. age | sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Neurologic Manifestations | behavior
46. Eng DS, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher levels of urinary bisphenol A were associated with a higher odds of obesity and abnormal waist circumference-to-height ratio. bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
47. Legler J, et al. (2015). CARDIA | Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) | European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study | Great Lakes Fish Consumption Study | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) | Nurses' Health Study (NHS) | Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) | US Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) The objective was to estimate obesity, diabetes, and associated costs that can be reasonably attributed to endocrine-disrupting chemical exposures in the European Union. bisphenol A | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Phthalic Acids Children | Study subjects Denmark|France|
Germany|Greece|
Italy|Netherlands|
Norway|Spain|
Sweden|United Kingdom|
United States
Details Diabetes Mellitus | Obesity
48. Casas M, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project This study, one of the first to combine repeat exposure biomarker measurements and multiple growth measures during pregnancy, finds little evidence of associations of bisphenol A or phthalate exposures with fetal growth. bisphenol A | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Fetuses | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Details Birth Weight | head development
49. Cao WC, et al. (2016). We found that elevated maternal blood trihalomethane (THM) concentrations were associated with decreased birth weight, reduced birth length, and increased risk of small for gestational age, suggesting that elevated maternal THM exposure during late pregnancy may adversely affect fetal growth. bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Infants or newborns | Pregnant females China blood bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
50. Kippler M, et al. (2012). We found evidence of a sex difference in the association between maternal cadmium exposure and birth size, which was apparent only in girls. sex Cadmium Fetuses | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Cadmium Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
1–50 of 131 results.