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Disease Spasms, Infantile

Name Spasms, Infantile
Synonyms Attack, Lightning | Attacks, Lightning | Attacks, Salaam | Cryptogenic Infantile Spasm | Cryptogenic Infantile Spasms | Cryptogenic West Syndrome | Hypsarrhythmia | Hypsarrhythmias | Infantile Spasm | Infantile Spasm, Cryptogenic | Infantile Spasms | Infantile Spasms, Cryptogenic | Infantile Spasms, Symptomatic | Infantile Spasm, Symptomatic | Jackknife Seizure | Jackknife Seizures | Lightning Attack | Lightning Attacks | Nodding Spasm | Nodding Spasms | Salaam Attacks | Salaam Seizures | Seizure, Jackknife | Seizures, Jackknife | Seizures, Salaam | Spasm, Cryptogenic Infantile | Spasm, Nodding | Spasms, Cryptogenic Infantile | Spasms, Nodding | Spasms, Symptomatic Infantile | Spasm, Symptomatic Infantile | Spasmus Nutans | Symptomatic Infantile Spasm | Symptomatic Infantile Spasms | Symptomatic West Syndrome | Syndrome, Cryptogenic West | Syndrome, Symptomatic West | Syndrome, West | West Syndrome | West Syndrome, Cryptogenic | West Syndrome, Symptomatic
Definition An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
Categories Nervous system disease
MeSH® ID D013036
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Top ↑ Ancestors

DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Central Nervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Brain Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Epilepsy Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Epilepsy, Generalized Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Spasms, Infantile Has associated chemicals Has associated genes

Top ↑ Descendants

Spasms, Infantile Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Convulsions, Benign Familial Infantile, 2
  Epileptic Encephalopathy, Early Infantile, 1 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 11 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 12 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 13 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 14 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 17 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 18 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 19 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Epileptic Encephalopathy, Early Infantile, 2 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 21 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 23 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 24 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 25 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 26 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 27 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 28 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 29 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Epileptic Encephalopathy, Early Infantile, 3 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 30 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 31 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 32 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 33 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 34 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 35 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 36 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 37 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 38 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Epileptic Encephalopathy, Early Infantile, 4 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 40 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 41 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 42 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 43 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 44 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 45 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 46 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 47 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 48 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 49 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 5 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 50 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 51 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 52 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 53 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 54 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  EPILEPTIC ENCEPHALOPATHY, EARLY INFANTILE, 7 Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Microcephaly, corpus callosum dysgenesis and cleft lip-palate
  Norrie disease Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  PEHO syndrome Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  X-linked infantile spasm syndrome