These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Ranzi A, et al. (2011).||No increased risk of mortality and morbidity was found in the entire area among people living close to incinerators. The internal analysis of the cohort based on dispersion modeling found excesses of mortality for some cancer types in the highest exposure categories, especially in women. People in the highest heavy metal exposure categories tended to have a lower socioeconomic status than those in the lowest categories. The interpretation of the findings is limited given the pilot nature of the study||sex | socioeconomic status||Air Pollutants||Study subjects||Italy||waste, industrial||Cadmium | Dioxins | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter||Details||Breast Neoplasms | Colorectal Neoplasms | Death | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms|
|2.||Guo X, et al. (2003).||The present study indicated that there was a high odds ratio of subjective symptoms including cough, stomachache, palpitations, urination problems and spontaneous abortion amongst residents in the arsenic-affected village.||Arsenic||Controls for disease:Skin Diseases | Subjects with disease:Skin Diseases | Study subjects||Mongolia||water, well||Arsenic||Details||Abortion, Spontaneous | Arrhythmias, Cardiac | Cough | Stomach Diseases | Urinary Bladder Diseases|
|3.||Sanders AP, et al. (2014).||In the present study we examined private well water levels of arsenic, cadmium, manganese, and lead across North Carolina, and used a semi-ecologic study design to estimate the association between metal levels and specific birth defect phenotypes.||Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese||Infants or newborns||United States||Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead | Manganese||Details||Cleft Lip | Congenital Microtia | Conotruncal cardiac defects | Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome | Pyloric Stenosis|
|4.||Liao LM, et al. (2016).||Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) | Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS)||In conclusion, our findings, though limited by small numbers of cases, suggest that lead exposure is associated with an increased risk of several cancers, in particular, meningioma, brain cancer, and kidney cancer.||Lead||Study subjects||China||Lead||Details||Brain Neoplasms | Kidney Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms | Meningioma | Stomach Neoplasms|
|5.||Barry KH, et al. (2012).||Agricultural Health Study (AHS)||In summary, in this population of primarily white male private applicators in the Agricultural Health Study with follow-up from 1993 through 2007, we observed little evidence of associations between methyl bromide and most cancers examined; however, there were small numbers of exposed cases for many sites.||methyl bromide||Workers||United States||Details||Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms|
|6.||Goto H, et al. (2012).||Life Span Study||We calculated the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for the atomic bomb survivors versus the entire population of Japan in childhood and compared them with a true non-exposed group. A notable result was that SMRs in boys exposed to low doses were significantly higher for solid cancer.||sex||Radioactive Fallout||Children||Japan||Radioactive Fallout||Details||Breast Neoplasms | Death | Leukemia | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms | Uterine Neoplasms|