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Disease Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 358 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Jung KH, et al. (2014). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Obese young children may be more likely to develop asthma in association with greater exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and methylphenanthrenes in particular, than non-obese children. body mass index | disease | sex 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Children | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity United States air 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Details Asthma
3. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
4. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Valvi D, et al. (2012). Menorca Asthma Multicentre Infants Cohort Study-Infancia y Medio Ambiente (AMICS-INMA) This study suggests that prenatal organochlorine compound exposures may be associated with overweight in children and that sex and high-fat intake may influence susceptibility. diet | sex 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Infants or newborns Spain blood, cord 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight
6. Perry MJ, et al. (2016). Organochlorine exposures measured at age 14 and in adulthood were associated with sperm disomy in this sample of high-exposure men, suggesting that the impacts of persistent pollutants on testicular maturation and function require further investigation. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 Children | Infants or newborns | Study subjects Faroe Islands blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Aneuploidy | male meiosis chromosome separation
7. Valvi D, et al. (2014). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project We found that prenatal exposure to dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene and hexachlorobenzene is associated with rapid growth in the first 6 months of life and subsequent overweight at 14 months of age. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight | growth
8. Lopez-Espinosa MJ, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project To our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association between prenatal exposure to some polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene and fetal growth: abdominal circumference during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, and biparietal diameter and femur length later in pregnancy. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 Details Fetal Growth Retardation
9. Lignell S, et al. (2013). Persistent Organic Pollutants in Uppsala Primiparas (POPUP) Our results indicate that prenatal exposure to di-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE, sum of BDE-47, -99, -100 and -153) may influence birth weight in different directions, i.e. PCB exposure was associated with higher birth weight and PBDE exposure with lower birth weight. sex 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Sweden milk, human 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Birth Weight
10. Kanagawa Y, et al. (2008). Yusho Study Group After Yusho patients had suffered chronic exposure to these chlorinated compounds for more than 35 years, the serum concentration of 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF in blood was significantly related to arthralgia and decreased albumin/globulin ratio; the serum concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls was significantly related to ophthalmologic symptoms; and the serum concentration of polychlorinated quarterphenyl to increased total cholesterol. 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Japan Details Arthralgia | Eye Diseases | Hematologic Diseases
11. Casas M, et al. (2015). Children's Health and the Environment in the Faroes | Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS I) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) | PELAGIE This study suggests that the association between low-level exposure to PCB153 and birth weight exists and follows an inverse linear exposure-response relationship with effects even at low levels, and that maternal smoking and ethnicity modify this association. race | tobacco 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Faroe Islands|
France|Germany|
Greece|Greenland|
Norway|Poland|
Slovakia|Spain|
Ukraine
blood | milk, human | plasma, cord | serum | serum, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
12. Waggoner JK, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this large cohort of male farmers, pesticide use, in addition to farm machinery use, was associated with fatal injury. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | metribuzin | Paraquat | Ziram Workers United States Details Death
13. No authors listed. (2000). This report describes the five deaths associated with 2,4-DCP exposure (presented in the order in which they were identified) and provides recommendations for preventing additional deaths. 2,4-dichlorophenol Workers France|United Kingdom|
United States
bile | blood | serum | stomach | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol Details Acute Disease | Burns, Chemical | Death | Poisoning | Seizures
14. Munger R, et al. (1997). We conclude that communities in southern Iowa with drinking water supplies contaminated with herbicides have elevated rates of intrauterine growth retardation compared to neighboring communities with different water supplies. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane Pregnant females United States water, drinking 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane | Xylenes Details Fetal Growth Retardation
15. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
16. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hexachlorocyclohexane | imazethapyr | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
17. Lyall K, et al. (2018). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) Results from this large case-control study with prospectively collected prenatal measurements do not support the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances is positively associated with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability
18. Young HA, et al. (2013). The results from this study suggest that men with detectable urinary concentrations of cis- and trans- 3-(2,2-Dichlorovinyl)-1-methylcyclopropane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid (CDCCA and TDCCA) have significant increases in almost all sex chromosome disomies compared to men with non-detectable urinary concentrations of CDCCA and TDCCA. Men with urinary concentrations of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid above the limit of detection also have significantly increased rates of YY disomy, but have significantly reduced rates of XY and total disomy. 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Study subjects United States urine 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid Details Aneuploidy
19. Marfo JT, et al. (2015). Urinary N-desmethylacetamiprid can be used as a biomarker for environmental exposure to acetamiprid, and detection of N-desmethylacetamiprid was associated with increased prevalence of neurological symptoms. acetamiprid | Insecticides Controls for disease:Neurologic Manifestations | Subjects with disease:Neurologic Manifestations | Study subjects Japan urine clothianidin | N-desmethylacetamiprid | nitenpyram | thiacloprid | Thiamethoxam Details Neurologic Manifestations
20. Jiménez-Garza O, et al. (2017). Our results demonstrate alterations in the inflammation pathway at the epigenetic level associated with exposure to benzene. Acetone | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methyl acetate | methylethyl ketone | n-hexane | Toluene | Xylenes Workers Mexico air Acetone | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methyl acetate | methylethyl ketone | n-hexane | Toluene | Xylenes Details Inflammation | inflammatory response | methylation
21. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
22. Shirima CP, et al. (2015). We investigated the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. Aflatoxins | fumonisin B1 Children Tanzania, United Republic of plasma | urine aflatoxin-albumin adduct | fumonisin B1 Details Growth Disorders
23. Hansen AB, et al. (2016). Danish Nurse Cohort We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and diabetes incidence; non-smokers, obese subjects, and cardiovascular disease patients may be most susceptible to development of diabetes related to air pollution. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus
24. Velická H, et al. (2015). These results suggest moderately strong associations between air pollutant concentrations and respiratory difficulties among asthmatic children and adolescents. disease Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Czech Republic air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Respiratory Sounds
25. César AC, et al. (2015). Even at nitrogen oxides concentrations below the acceptable standard, there is association with deaths caused by respiratory diseases. Air Pollutants Study subjects Brazil air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Death | Respiration Disorders
26. Lin H, et al. (2017). Hourly peak concentration may capture health effects of ambient fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) better than daily averages; significant associations were found between hourly peak PM2.5 concentrations and cardiovascular mortality, particularly from ischemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death | Myocardial Ischemia
27. Zhang F, et al. (2011). Study on the association between ambient air pollution and daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in an urban district of Beijing. Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
28. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
29. O'Neal WT, et al. (2017). Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Long-term, but not short-term, exposure to particulate matter PM2.5 is associated with premature atrial contractions, suggesting a role for long-term PM2.5 in initiating supraventricular arrhythmias triggered by such contractions. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Atrial Premature Complexes | Subjects with disease:Atrial Premature Complexes United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Atrial Premature Complexes
30. Dehbi HM, et al. (2017). National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) | Southall And Brent Revisited (SABRE) Study We examined associations between air pollution and cardiovascular disease mortality in two British cohorts with over 25 years of follow-up; our results support a detrimental long-term effect for air pollutants on cardiovascular mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death
31. Schwartz J, et al. (2017). We conclude that there is a causal association of local air pollution with daily deaths at concentrations below U.S. EPA standards; the estimated attributable risk in Boston exceeded 1,800 deaths during the study period. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Soot Details Death
32. Filleul L, et al. (2003). We found a significant association between daily mortality and black smoke among the elderly in Bordeaux. age | sex Air Pollutants Study subjects France air Air Pollutants Details Death
33. Bowatte G, et al. (2016). Melbourne Atopy Cohort Study (MACS) Traffic-related air pollution is associated with some respiratory outcomes in carriers of genetic polymorphisms in oxidative stress metabolism genes. genetics Air Pollutants Children | Subjects with gene influence:GSTM1 | Subjects with gene influence:GSTT1 Australia Details Asthma | Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal
34. Medina-Ramón M, et al. (2008). Worcester Heart Attack Study Residential exposure to traffic-related air pollution increases the mortality risk after hospitalization with acute heart failure. Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Heart Failure United States Details Death
35. Ranzi A, et al. (2011). No increased risk of mortality and morbidity was found in the entire area among people living close to incinerators. The internal analysis of the cohort based on dispersion modeling found excesses of mortality for some cancer types in the highest exposure categories, especially in women. People in the highest heavy metal exposure categories tended to have a lower socioeconomic status than those in the lowest categories. The interpretation of the findings is limited given the pilot nature of the study sex | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy waste, industrial Cadmium | Dioxins | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Breast Neoplasms | Colorectal Neoplasms | Death | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms
36. Andersen ZJ, et al. (2012). Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Study (DCH) Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution may contribute to the development of ischemic but not hemorrhagic stroke, especially severe ischemic strokes leading to death within 30 days. Air Pollutants Study subjects Denmark Nitrogen Dioxide Details Brain Ischemia | Cerebral Hemorrhage | Stroke
37. Bentayeb M, et al. (2015). GAZEL Cohort Study We analyzed the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality in a large French cohort (from 1989-2013), and found that long-term exposure to fine particular matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and benzene is associated with an increased risk of non-accidental mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects France air, ambient Benzene | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death
38. López-Villarrubia E, et al. (2010). Our findings indicate the existence of a short-term association between current exposure levels to air pollutants and total mortality as well as mortality due to heart and respiratory diseases in both Canary cities studied along with evidence that the association on a given day may spread over several successive days. Air Pollutants Spain air Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Heart Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
39. Giannini S, et al. (2017). We estimated deaths attributable to airborne particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) with respect to different exposure assessment definitions in northern Italy from 2006-2010; the total impact in the region amounted to 4.4 and 2.8 deaths per 100,000 for PM10 and PM2.5, respectively, and the impact estimates for PM10 did not substantially change when the exposure levels were derived from background or traffic monitoring stations. Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Death
40. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
41. Zhang P, et al. (2011). Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with the death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among Chinese populations. The effects of air pollution were more evident in female that in male, and nonsmokers and residents with body mass index less than 18.5 were more vulnerable to outdoor air pollution. body mass index | sex | tobacco Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
42. Hansell A, et al. (2016). Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study This large national study suggests that air pollution exposure has long-term effects on mortality that persist decades after exposure, and that historic air pollution exposures influence current estimates of associations between air pollution and mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
43. Clemente DB, et al. (2016). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Our results suggest that changes in mitochondrial DNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Spain air, ambient | placenta ND1 | Nitrogen Dioxide Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
44. Zúñiga J, et al. (2016). There could be an association between the air pollution in Panama City (Panama) and an increase in cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Study subjects Panama air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
45. Baja ES, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Traffic-related pollutants may increase heart-rate-corrected QT interval among persons with diabetes, persons who are obese, and nonsmoking elderly individuals; and the number of genetic variants related to oxidative stress increases this effect. disease | genetics | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:HFE | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction
46. Liu MM, et al. (2013). This large epidemiologic study of Chinese children confirmed that indoor air pollution from home renovation, coal stoves, passive smoking, and other risk factors was harmful to the respiratory system. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Children China air Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Rhinitis, Allergic
47. Morgenstern V, et al. (2007). We estimated long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants: significant associations were found between particulate matter PM2.5 and sneezing, runny/stuffed nose during the first and second years of life, and between nitrogen dioxide and dry cough at night (or bronchitis) during the first year of life. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects Germany air, outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Bronchitis | Cough | Sneezing
48. Penn SL, et al. (2017). Our findings reinforce the importance of pollutant-specific, location-specific, and source-specific models of health impacts in design of health-risk minimizing emissions control policies. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide | Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States air Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide | Volatile Organic Compounds Details Death
49. Breton CV, et al. (2012). Children's Health Study (CHS) Particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure was associated with percent DNA methylation of several CpG loci in NOS2 gene, suggesting an epigenetic mechanism through which these pollutants may alter production of nitric oxide. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Children | Subjects with disease:Respiratory Sounds United States air, ambient | mouth mucosa NOS2 | Particulate Matter Details Respiratory Sounds | DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence | regulation of DNA methylation
50. Kloog I, et al. (2012). Exposure to particulate matter (PM 2.5) during the last month of pregnancy contributes to risks for lower birth weight and preterm birth in infants. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States air, outdoor Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Premature Birth
1–50 of 358 results.