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Disease Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 286 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Controls for disease:Intellectual Disability | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
3. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
4. Valvi D, et al. (2012). Menorca Asthma Multicentre Infants Cohort Study-Infancia y Medio Ambiente (AMICS-INMA) This study suggests that prenatal organochlorine compound exposures may be associated with overweight in children and that sex and high-fat intake may influence susceptibility. diet | sex 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Infants or newborns Spain blood, cord 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight
5. Perry MJ, et al. (2016). Organochlorine exposures measured at age 14 and in adulthood were associated with sperm disomy in this sample of high-exposure men, suggesting that the impacts of persistent pollutants on testicular maturation and function require further investigation. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 Children | Infants or newborns | Study subjects Faroe Islands blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Aneuploidy | male meiosis chromosome separation
6. Lopez-Espinosa MJ, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project To our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association between prenatal exposure to some polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene and fetal growth: abdominal circumference during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, and biparietal diameter and femur length later in pregnancy. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 Details Fetal Growth Retardation
7. Valvi D, et al. (2014). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project We found that prenatal exposure to dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene and hexachlorobenzene is associated with rapid growth in the first 6 months of life and subsequent overweight at 14 months of age. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Overweight | growth
8. Herbstman JB, et al. (2010). This epidemiologic study demonstrates neurodevelopmental effects in relation to cord blood polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations. 2,2',4,4',5,6'-hexabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | pentabromodiphenyl ether Infants or newborns United States blood, cord 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | PBB 153 | pentabromodiphenyl ether Details Intellectual Disability | Psychomotor Disorders | cognition
9. Casas M, et al. (2015). Children's Health and the Environment in the Faroes | Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS I) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) | PELAGIE This study suggests that the association between low-level exposure to PCB153 and birth weight exists and follows an inverse linear exposure-response relationship with effects even at low levels, and that maternal smoking and ethnicity modify this association. race | tobacco 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Faroe Islands|
France|Germany|
Greece|Greenland|
Norway|Poland|
Slovakia|Spain|
Ukraine
blood | milk, human | plasma, cord | serum | serum, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
10. Waggoner JK, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this large cohort of male farmers, pesticide use, in addition to farm machinery use, was associated with fatal injury. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | metribuzin | Paraquat | Ziram Workers United States Details Death
11. Munger R, et al. (1997). We conclude that communities in southern Iowa with drinking water supplies contaminated with herbicides have elevated rates of intrauterine growth retardation compared to neighboring communities with different water supplies. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane Pregnant females United States water, drinking 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane | Xylenes Details Fetal Growth Retardation
12. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
13. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | imazethapyr | Lindane | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
14. Marfo JT, et al. (2015). Urinary N-desmethylacetamiprid can be used as a biomarker for environmental exposure to acetamiprid, and detection of N-desmethylacetamiprid was associated with increased prevalence of neurological symptoms. acetamiprid | Insecticides Controls for disease:Neurologic Manifestations | Subjects with disease:Neurologic Manifestations Japan urine clothianidin | N-desmethylacetamiprid | nitenpyram | thiacloprid | thiamethoxam Details Neurologic Manifestations
15. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
16. Shirima CP, et al. (2015). We investigated the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. Aflatoxins | fumonisin B1 Children Tanzania, United Republic of plasma | urine aflatoxin-albumin adduct | fumonisin B1 Details Growth Disorders
17. Dehbi HM, et al. (2017). National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) | Southall And Brent Revisited (SABRE) Study We examined associations between air pollution and cardiovascular disease mortality in two British cohorts with over 25 years of follow-up; our results support a detrimental long-term effect for air pollutants on cardiovascular mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death
18. Filleul L, et al. (2003). We found a significant association between daily mortality and black smoke among the elderly in Bordeaux. age | sex Air Pollutants Study subjects France air Air Pollutants Details Death
19. Bowatte G, et al. (2016). Melbourne Atopy Cohort Study (MACS) Traffic-related air pollution is associated with some respiratory outcomes in carriers of genetic polymorphisms in oxidative stress metabolism genes. genetics Air Pollutants Children | Subjects with gene influence:GSTM1 | Subjects with gene influence:GSTT1 Australia Details Asthma | Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal
20. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
21. Velická H, et al. (2015). These results suggest moderately strong associations between air pollutant concentrations and respiratory difficulties among asthmatic children and adolescents. disease Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Czech Republic air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Respiratory Sounds
22. López-Villarrubia E, et al. (2010). Our findings indicate the existence of a short-term association between current exposure levels to air pollutants and total mortality as well as mortality due to heart and respiratory diseases in both Canary cities studied along with evidence that the association on a given day may spread over several successive days. Air Pollutants Spain air Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Heart Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
23. Bentayeb M, et al. (2015). GAZEL Cohort Study We analyzed the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality in a large French cohort (from 1989-2013), and found that long-term exposure to fine particular matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and benzene is associated with an increased risk of non-accidental mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects France air, ambient Benzene | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death
24. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
25. Andersen ZJ, et al. (2012). Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort Study Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution may contribute to the development of ischemic but not hemorrhagic stroke, especially severe ischemic strokes leading to death within 30 days. Air Pollutants Study subjects Denmark Nitrogen Dioxide Details Brain Ischemia | Cerebral Hemorrhage | Stroke
26. César AC, et al. (2015). Even at nitrogen oxides concentrations below the acceptable standard, there is association with deaths caused by respiratory diseases. Air Pollutants Study subjects Brazil air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Death | Respiration Disorders
27. Zhang P, et al. (2011). Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with the death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among Chinese populations. The effects of air pollution were more evident in female that in male, and nonsmokers and residents with body mass index less than 18.5 were more vulnerable to outdoor air pollution. body mass index | sex | tobacco Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
28. Medina-Ramón M, et al. (2008). Worcester Heart Attack Study Residential exposure to traffic-related air pollution increases the mortality risk after hospitalization with acute heart failure. Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Heart Failure United States Details Death
29. Hansell A, et al. (2016). Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study This large national study suggests that air pollution exposure has long-term effects on mortality that persist decades after exposure, and that historic air pollution exposures influence current estimates of associations between air pollution and mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
30. Hansen AB, et al. (2016). Danish Nurse Cohort We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and diabetes incidence; non-smokers, obese subjects, and cardiovascular disease patients may be most susceptible to development of diabetes related to air pollution. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus
31. Schwartz J, et al. (2017). We conclude that there is a causal association of local air pollution with daily deaths at concentrations below U.S. EPA standards; the estimated attributable risk in Boston exceeded 1,800 deaths during the study period. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Soot Details Death
32. Ranzi A, et al. (2011). No increased risk of mortality and morbidity was found in the entire area among people living close to incinerators. The internal analysis of the cohort based on dispersion modeling found excesses of mortality for some cancer types in the highest exposure categories, especially in women. People in the highest heavy metal exposure categories tended to have a lower socioeconomic status than those in the lowest categories. The interpretation of the findings is limited given the pilot nature of the study sex | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy waste, industrial Cadmium | Dioxins | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Breast Neoplasms | Colorectal Neoplasms | Death | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms
33. Zhang F, et al. (2011). Study on the association between ambient air pollution and daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in an urban district of Beijing. Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
34. Clemente DB, et al. (2016). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Our results suggest that changes in mitochondrial DNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Spain air, ambient | placenta ND1 | Nitrogen Dioxide Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
35. Zúñiga J, et al. (2016). There could be an association between the air pollution in Panama City (Panama) and an increase in cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Study subjects Panama air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
36. Barraza-Villarreal A, et al. (2008). Exposure to particulate matter <= 2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter resulted in acute airway inflammation and decrease in lung function in both asthmatic and nonasthmatic children. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Mexico air Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory | regulation of inflammatory response
37. Baja ES, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Traffic-related pollutants may increase heart-rate-corrected QT interval among persons with diabetes, persons who are obese, and nonsmoking elderly individuals; and the number of genetic variants related to oxidative stress increases this effect. disease | genetics | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:HFE | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction
38. Liu MM, et al. (2013). This large epidemiologic study of Chinese children confirmed that indoor air pollution from home renovation, coal stoves, passive smoking, and other risk factors was harmful to the respiratory system. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Children China air Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Rhinitis, Allergic
39. Morgenstern V, et al. (2007). We estimated long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants: significant associations were found between particulate matter PM2.5 and sneezing, runny/stuffed nose during the first and second years of life, and between nitrogen dioxide and dry cough at night (or bronchitis) during the first year of life. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects Germany air, outdoor Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Bronchitis | Cough | Sneezing
40. Penn SL, et al. (2017). Our findings reinforce the importance of pollutant-specific, location-specific, and source-specific models of health impacts in design of health-risk minimizing emissions control policies. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide | Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States air Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide | Volatile Organic Compounds Details Death
41. Kloog I, et al. (2012). Exposure to particulate matter (PM 2.5) during the last month of pregnancy contributes to risks for lower birth weight and preterm birth in infants. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States air, outdoor Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Premature Birth
42. Reibman J, et al. (2009). World Trade Center Environmental Health Center (WTC EHC) Residents and local workers as well as those with work-associated exposure to WTC dust have new and persistent respiratory symptoms with lung function abnormalities 5 or more years after the World Trade Center destruction. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States Details Dyspnea
43. Pearce MS, et al. (2012). Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) Association was observed between socio-economic deprivation and particulate matter on birth weight, with increasing effects of particulate matter in reducing birth weight seen with increasing socio-economic disadvantage. socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Pregnant females United Kingdom air Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
44. Pope CA 3RD, et al. (2011). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) The exposure-response relationship associated with PM2.5 is qualitatively different for lung cancer versus cardiovascular mortality. At low exposure levels, cardiovascular deaths are projected to account for most of the burden of disease, whereas at high levels of PM2.5, lung cancer becomes proportionately more important. tobacco Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States cigarette Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Lung Neoplasms
45. Breton CV, et al. (2012). Children's Health Study (CHS) Particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure was associated with percent DNA methylation of several CpG loci in NOS2 gene, suggesting an epigenetic mechanism through which these pollutants may alter production of nitric oxide. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Children | Subjects with disease:Respiratory Sounds United States air, ambient | mouth mucosa NOS2 | Particulate Matter Details Respiratory Sounds | DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence | regulation of DNA methylation
46. Goodman PG, et al. (2004). We assessed the associations of particulate pollution (black smoke) and temperature with age-standardized daily mortality rates over 17 years in Dublin, Ireland, using a polynomial distributed lag model of both temperature and particulate air pollution simultaneously through 40 days after exposure. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Smoke Study subjects Ireland air Smoke Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
47. Ryan PH, et al. (2007). Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air Pollution Study (CCAAPS) We derived a marker of diesel combustion (elemental carbon attributable to traffic sources, ECAT) from ambient monitoring results of particulate matter, and levels of ECAT from 0.30 to 0.90 micrograms per cubic meter were significantly associated with infant wheezing. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Infants or newborns United States air, ambient Carbon Details Respiratory Sounds
48. Stevens GA, et al. (2008). In this study, we used data on exposure to 3 major environmental risks (unsafe water and sanitation, indoor air pollution from household solid fuel use, and ambient urban PM pollution) and on cause-specific mortality at the county level in Mexico to estimate the mortality effects of these 3 risks at the county level. socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Water Pollutants Study subjects Mexico Details Death
49. Higuchi K, et al. (2012). This study showed that Mt. Sakurajima's volcanic activities increased the mortality of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases in the Sakurajima-Tarumizu area, which has the largest amount of ashfall from the volcano in its vicinity. Air Pollutants | Silicon Dioxide Study subjects Japan Air Pollutants | Silicon Dioxide Details Death | Lung Neoplasms | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive | Respiration Disorders
50. Monrad M, et al. (2017). Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort Study We found long-term residential traffic-related air pollution to be associated with higher risk of atrial fibrillation. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides Details Atrial Fibrillation
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