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Disease Urogenital Abnormalities

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–5 of 5 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Main KM, et al. (2007). Two different proxies were used for prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ethers exposure, and levels in breast milk, but not in placenta, showed an association with congenital cryptorchidism. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers Denmark|Finland milk, human | placenta 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Cryptorchidism
2. Fénichel P, et al. (2012). The presence of unconjugated bisphenol A in all cord blood samples suggests placental transfer and fetal exposure. Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Controls for disease:Cryptorchidism | Subjects with disease:Cryptorchidism | Infants or newborns France blood, cord Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Details
3. Pierik FH, et al. (2007). Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) These results provide little support for an association of cryptorchidism with exposure to low levels of heptachlor epoxide or hexachlorobenzene. For beta-hexachlorocyclohexane the findings were somewhat suggestive of an association but were inconclusive. beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Heptachlor Epoxide | Hexachlorobenzene Pregnant females United States serum beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Heptachlor Epoxide | Hexachlorobenzene Details Cryptorchidism
4. Toft G, et al. (2016). Environmental perfluorooctane sulfonate exposure was associated with steroid hormone and INSL3 concentrations in amniotic fluid, but was not associated with cryptorchidism or hypospadias in our study population. perfluorooctane sulfonic acid Pregnant females Denmark amniotic fluid 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone | Androstenedione | Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate | Hydrocortisone | INSL3 | Progesterone | Testosterone Details Cryptorchidism | Hypospadias | regulation of gene expression | regulation of testosterone biosynthetic process
5. Carmichael SL, et al. (2016). This study indicates that babies with genetic variants and maternal pesticide exposures who were previously identified as associated with increased risk of hypospadias were at two- to fourfold increased risk of hypospadias. genetics Pesticides Subjects with gene influence:DGKK | Controls for disease:Hypospadias | Subjects with disease:Hypospadias | Infants or newborns United States Details Hypospadias
1–5 of 5 results.