These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Swaddiwudhipong W, et al. (2015).||Persons living in (cadmium) contaminated areas had a significantly higher prevalence of renal dysfunction, bone mineral loss, hypertension and urinary stones than those living in non-contaminated areas. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the prevalence of diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.||Cadmium||Study subjects||Thailand||urine||Cadmium||Details||Diabetes Mellitus | Hypercholesterolemia | Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Osteoporosis | Urinary Calculi | renal system process|
|2.||Eom SY, et al. (2014).||The blood mercury level in Korean adults is higher than that in US and other western countries (but is similar to other Asian countries), and the level is influenced by sociodemographic factors, lifestyles, and diet; furthermore, blood mercury is associated with metabolic syndrome and their components (obesity and increased fasting glucose).||age | alcohol drinking | diet | sex | tobacco||Mercury||Study subjects||Korea, Republic of||blood||Mercury||Details||Body Weight | Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | cholesterol homeostasis | glucose homeostasis | regulation of blood pressure|
|3.||Moon SS. (2014).||Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)||Results of this study demonstrate an association of accumulation of a mixture of heavy metal exposures (lead, mercury, and cadmium), even below toxic levels, with prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Korean population.||Metals, Heavy||Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Study subjects||Korea, Republic of||serum||Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | Metals, Heavy||Details||Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Metabolic Syndrome|