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Disease Spinal Dysraphism

Name Spinal Dysraphism
Synonyms Bifida, Spina | Cleft Spine | Dysraphia, Spinal | Dysraphias, Spinal | Dysraphicus, Status | Dysraphism, Spinal | Dysraphisms, Spinal | Open Spine | Rachischises | Rachischisis | Schistorrhachis | Spina Bifida | Spina Bifidas | Spinal Dysraphia | Spinal Dysraphias | Spinal Dysraphisms | Status Dysraphicus
Definition Congenital defects of closure of one or more vertebral arches, which may be associated with malformations of the spinal cord, nerve roots, congenital fibrous bands, lipomas, and congenital cysts. These malformations range from mild (e.g., SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA) to severe, including rachischisis where there is complete failure of neural tube and spinal cord fusion, resulting in exposure of the spinal cord at the surface. Spinal dysraphism includes all forms of spina bifida. The open form is called SPINA BIFIDA CYSTICA and the closed form is SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)
Categories Congenital abnormality | Nervous system disease
MeSH® ID D016135
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Top ↑ Ancestors

1. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Nervous System Malformations Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Neural Tube Defects Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Spinal Dysraphism Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references
2. DiseasesCongenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Congenital Abnormalities Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Nervous System Malformations Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Neural Tube Defects Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Spinal Dysraphism Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references

Top ↑ Descendants

Spinal Dysraphism Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references
  Anencephaly and spina bifida X-linked
  Camptodactyly Syndrome, Guadalajara, Type II
  Camptodactyly Syndrome, Guadalajara, Type III
View node Spina Bifida Cystica Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Spina Bifida, Folate-Sensitive
View node Spina Bifida Occulta Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Spina Bifida, X-Linked
  Split-Hand With Obstructive Uropathy, Spina Bifida, And Diaphragmatic Defects