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Disease Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

Name Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Synonyms Apnea, Obstructive Sleep | Apneas, Obstructive Sleep | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Obstructive Sleep Apneas | Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome | OSAHS | Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome | Sleep Apneas, Obstructive | Sleep Apnea Syndrome, Obstructive | Syndrome, Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Syndrome, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive | Syndrome, Upper Airway Resistance, Sleep Apnea | Upper Airway Resistance Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Definition A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Categories Nervous system disease | Respiratory tract disease
MeSH® ID D020181

Top ↑ Ancestors

1. DiseasesRespiratory Tract Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Respiration Disorders Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Apnea Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Sleep Apnea Syndromes Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
2. DiseasesNervous System Diseases Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Sleep Wake Disorders Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Dyssomnias Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Has associated exposure references Sleep Apnea Syndromes Has associated chemicals Has associated genes Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Has associated chemicals Has associated genes

Top ↑ Descendants

Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Has associated chemicals Has associated genes
  Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome