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Reference Follow-up study on lead exposure in children living in a smelter community in northern Mexico.

Authors Rubio-Andrade M, Valdés-Pérezgasga F, Alonso J, Rosado JL, Cebrián ME, García-Vargas GG.
Institution Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Gómez Palacio, Durango, México.
Citation Environ Health. 2011;10:66.
DOI ID 10.1186/1476-069X-10-66
PubMed® ID 21767395
Review Status Is curated Curated.
Abstract BACKGROUND: To study the changes of children lead exposure in the city of Torreon during the last five years, after environmental and public health interventions, using the timeline of lead in blood concentration as the biomarker of exposure and its relation to lead in soil concentrations.

METHODS: This follow-up study started in 2001 and consisted of 232 children living in nine neighborhoods in Torreon. Children were tested at 0, 6, 12 and 60 months. Lead in blood concentrations, Hemoglobin, Zinc-Protoporphyrin, anthropometric measures and socioeconomic status questionnaire was supplied to the parents.

RESULTS: Median and range of lead in blood concentrations obtained at 0, 6, 12, 60 months were: 10.12 μg/dl (1.9 - 43.8), 8.75 μg/dl (1.85 - 41.45), 8.4 μg/dl (1.7 - 35.8) and 4.4 μg/dl (1.3 - 30.3), respectively. The decrease of lead in blood levels was significantly related to ages 0, 6, 12 and 60 months of the follow-up study. The timeline of B-Pb was associated with the timeline of lead in soil concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS: B-Pb levels have significantly decreased in the group of children studied. This could be explained by a) environmental interventions by authorities and the smelter companies, b) normal changes in hygienic habits as children age and c) lead redistribution from blood to hard tissues.